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6 Guiding Principles of the Constitution

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by

Joy Parnakian

on 12 September 2014

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Transcript of 6 Guiding Principles of the Constitution

1. Popular Sovereignty
2. Limited Government
3. Separation of Powers
4. Checks and Balances
5. Federalism
7. Judicial Review
2. Limited Government
Also called constitutionalism, and rule of law
Government Powers are limited to what is written in the Constitution
Government is not all-powerful
Powers government has and doesn’t have are listed
Which 3rd political party sees this as the most important?
3. Separation of Powers
U.S. uses a presidential government, where the executive and legislative branches are chosen separately
Each branch has its own powers and responsibilities
1. Popular Sovereignty
supreme power rests with and only with the people

Where have we seen this idea before?
Some parts of the Constitution mitigate popular sovereignty
Electoral College chooses the president, not popular vote
State Legislatures chose the Senate, not popular vote
Later changed to direct popular election by 17th Amendment
4. Checks & Balances
the system that allows the legislative, executive, and judicial branches to check, or restrain, the actions of one another.
6 Guiding Principles of the Constitution
5. Federalism
a system of government in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Whatever isn't specified in the Constitution is delegated to the states.
Examples:
Federal Power = Prints Money
State Power = Driver’s License
6. Judicial Review
Courts may determine whether or not what the President or Congress does is Constitutional
If court declares an act unconstitutional, the act is not a law, and the decision cannot be overridden
This is what happened with SB1070
Homework
Finish C-Notes: 5 Questions and a summary
Complete "Six Big Ideas" chart
Full transcript