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MOOD DISORDERS

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Dominique Almario

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of MOOD DISORDERS

MOOD DISORDERS
psychological disorders characterized by
EMOTIONAL EXTREMES
TYPES OF MOOD
DISORDERS
def.-
mild, chronic depression
that usually clears up without treatment
lasts two or more years
"the common cold of mental health"
DYSTHYMIC DISORDER
My wife just passed away.
occurs in someone who has just lost a friend or relative
CYCLOTHYMIC DISORDER
def.-
cycles of sadness and happiness
interspersed with normal mood
mood swings
lasts two years or more
MAJOR DEPRESSION
def.- a mood disorder in which a person, for
no apparent reason
, experiences two or more weeks of
deeply depressed moods
most commonly diagnosed mood disorder
twice as common in women
I am so worthless.
I hate life.
I just want
to die.
I'm tired.
This is
hopeless.
GO AWAY.
MANIA
def.- a mood disorder marked by a
hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
extreme agitation, restlessness, rapid speech, trouble concentrating, extreme mood where one might have delusions of grandeur
frequent thoughts of death or suicide
lack of
energy
diminished interest or pleasure in most activities
loss of
appetite
lack
of
hope
extreme feelings of worthlessness
BIPOLAR DISORDER
HOW ARE YOU FEELING TODAY?
def.- a mood disorder in which the person
alternates
between the hopelessness and lethargy of
depression
to the overexcited state of
mania
DEPRESSION + MANIA

BIPOLAR DISORDER
STATISTICS
symptoms of
mood disorders
DEPRESSION
very slow speech
loss of appetite
lack of sleep
sense of hopelessness
lack of energy
extreme feelings of worthlessness
frequent thoughts of death or suicide
MANIA
extreme agitation
restlessness
rapid speech
trouble concentrating
delusions of grandeur
BIPOLAR DISORDER
symptoms of both depression and mania
extreme mood swings
may experience hallucinations
According to the National Institute of Mental Health in 2008, approximately 9.8% of Americas reported of having a mood disorder.
At some point during their lifetime, depressive disorders have plagued 13% of American adults.
The World Health Organization reports that a depressive episode plagues 5.8% of men and 9.5% of women.
About 50% of those who recover from depression will suffer another episode within two years.
Between 1994 and 2003, U.S. National Center for Health Statistics revealed an astonishing increase in diagnoses of bipolar disorder in those 19 and younger- from an estimated 20,000 to 800,000.
CAUSES
OF MOOD DISORDERS
DIFFERING PERSPECTIVES
I believe that...
I don't think that I agree.
Actually, I think that...
BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE
SOCIAL-CULTURAL
PERSPECTIVE
EVOLUTIONARY
PERSPECTIVE
HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE
BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHODYNAMIC
PERSPECTIVE
TREATMENT
OF
MOOD
DISORDERS

QUIZ!!!
What are 5 types of mood disorders?
Which mood disorder is called the "common cold of mental health"?
Insight therapy helps clients understand the causes of their problems.
Person-centered therapy widely used in which therapists create a comfortable environment for their patients.
Rational emotive therapy, developed by Albert Ellis, helped his clients recognize and change their self-defeating thoughts.
Cognitive therapy has been proven to be highly effective for anxiety disorders, depression, addiction, anger management, and bulimia nervosa.
Group therapy helps people meet and work towards therapeutic goals. Members can gain valuable insights by sharing experiences with others who face the same problems.
Electroconvulsive therarpy is used to treat serious cases of depression and it works faster than antidepressants. It is very effective in treating bipolar disorders and depression.
focuses mostly on the
behavior
itself
less focus on the behavior's underlying cause
psychological disorders involve biological factors
mood disorders
run in families
the risk of major depression and bipolar disorder
increases if you have a parent or sibling with a disorder
studies of the brain during depression have found
less activity during depressive states
and
more activity during periods of mania
the hormones
norepinephrine and seratonin
, which increase arousal and boosts mood, are
scarce during depression
and
overabundant during mania
rests on the assumption that
faulty
thought
causes psychological
problems
depressed thinking is a
cycle of
stressful experiences, negative
explanatory cycle, depressed
mood, and cognitive and behavioral changes
negative assumptions about themselves, their situations, and their future
magnify bad experiences
emphasizes the
positive and constructive role
each individual can play in controlling and determining their mental health
CULTURAL AND GENDER
CONSIDERATIONS

Females are twice as likely to obtain major depression than men.
There are no consistent, age, gender, racial, or ethnic differences in bipolar disorder.
Younger adults have the highest rate of depression, followed by middle age adults, then older adults. Children have the lowest rates of depression when compared to adults.
Depression rates are almost identical between sexes in Mediterranean cultures, Old Order Amish, and Orthodox Jews.
behavior and mental states, such as depression, are
beneficial adaptations
that can improve our psychological health
the
extent to which cultures differ in their constructions of reality and social systems
will affect the classification of mood disorders
believed depression was
caused by anger converted into self-hatred
a person must
successfully resolve early developmental conflicts
in order to achieve mental health
What is bipolar disorder?
Is major depression more common in men or women?
Name some symptoms of depression, mania, and bipolar disorder.
What type of therapy is the fastest and most effect way in treating serious cases of depression?
THE END
Dominique Almario
Halie Deguzman
Karina Magdangal
Priya Parikh
Charlene Salamat
the cause of mood disorders is
not fully understood
an
imbalance in brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters
is likely to play a role
sometimes mood disorders may be related to
medical conditions, substance abuse, life events, or other causes
Full transcript