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Dome of the Rock

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Karen Ma

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Dome of the Rock

Architectural
Background

Historical Timeline
Introduction
History
Timeline
Historical Background

Religion Background
3 Main Religions

Geography
Location
Map
Language

Architectural Background

Motifs
Dome of the Rock

Jerusalen, Israel
Present By:
Lisette Navas
Jenise Ramos
Jessica Conteras
I Weng Karen Ma
Vi Vu
FCS 210 History of Interiors and Architecture I
Fall 2013
Professor Ellen Knowles

Oct. 23rd, 1095
Oct. 2nd, 1187
Oct. 23rd, 1517
Oct. 23rd, 1250
Oct. 23rd, 691
Oct. 688
Jul. 11th, 1927
The Haram
1250-1510
The Haram was the focus of extensive royal patronage by the sultans during the Mamluk period, which lasted from 1250 until 1510.

When the Dome of Rock was made?
The dome of rock was made in 688 AD and finished in 691 AD in Jerusalem, Israel.
The Dome of the Rock was built by the Umayyad caliph Abd Ali-Malik to commemorate Muhammad's ascension into heaven.
The Dome of the Rock is a Shrine.

After the Dome of Rock was Built...
The Dome of the Rock stands atop the site where, according to Muslims, the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven after his Night Journey.
The site's significance stems from religious traditions regarding the rock, known as the Foundation Stone, at its heart.

Crusades 1095-1187 ad During the Crusades the Dome of the Rock was given to the Augustinians, who turned it into a church while the Al-Aqsa Mosque became a royal stable.
The Crusades
British
1917- Present
British Mandate to Present
The Dome of the Rock was badly shaken during an earthquake in Palestine on 11 July 1927, rendering useless many of the repairs that had taken place over previous years.

Ottoman Empire 1517–1917
Large-scale renovation was undertaken during the reign of Mahmud II in 1817.

Ottoman
Religious Background
The Dome of the Rock is not a mosque, but a Muslim shrine that was built over a sacred stone.
The Sacred Rock
Legends: Temple of Salomon and The Knights of Templar
Islam faith

The octagonal building has an inner drum of sixteen piers and columns, and an outer arcade of 24 piers and columns.
Four of the eight sides have doors set in them and in the other four there are windows.
During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent the exterior of the Dome of the Rock was covered with tiles. The work took seven years.
The interior of the dome was decorated with mosaic, faience and marble, all commissioned by Suleiman the Magnificent; the decorative elements consisted entirely of flora, geometry or Quranic inscriptions.
All this supports a wooden dome of 60’ (20 m) diameter, timber-framed double dome, covered internally with colored and gilded stucco and originally roofed with lead covered in gold, rises 35 meters over the holy rock.
The dome has no liturgical significance.
In 1955, an extensive program of renovation was begun by the government of Jordan, with funds supplied by the Arab governments and Turkey.
The work included replacement of large numbers of tiles dating back to the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, which had become dislodged by heavy rain.
In 1965, as part of this restoration, the dome was covered with a durable aluminum bronze alloy made in Italy, that replaced the lead exterior.
The restoration was completed in August 1964. In 1993, the golden dome covering was refurbished following a donation of $8.2 million by King Hussein of Jordan, who sold one of his houses in London to fund the 80 kilograms of gold required.
Design Inspirations
It enshrines the rock from which Muḥammad is said to have ascended to heaven and has inspired the architecture of a number of buildings.
These include the octagonal Church of St. Giacomo in Italy, and the Rumbach Street synagogue in Budapest.
Funding and Build Schedule
Design and Structure
Design and Structure (Cont.)
The Ayyubids and Maluks
Jerusalem was recaptured by Saladin on 2 October 1187, and the Haram was reconsecrated as a Muslim sanctuary.
The cross on top of the Dome of the Rock was replaced by a golden crescent, and a wooden screen was placed around the rock below.
Saladin's nephew al-Malik al-Mu'azzam Isa carried out other restorations within the Haram and added the porch to the Aqsa mosque.

Hebrew
Arabic
Language
Islam
Christianity
Judaism

The Dome of the Rock is currently open to Muslims daily, closed to tourist visits during Midday Prayers

Religion Practiced in
Jerusalem, Israel

Israel Population
ISRAEL MAP

ISRAEL LOCATION MAP
(SHADDED YELLOW)

LOCATED: Jerusalem, Israel
Midday Prayer. Jerusalem, Israel
Located in the Visual Center of an ancient human-made platform known to Jews as the Temple Mount or the Muslims as the Haram Al-Sharif (“Noble Sanctuary”)



Old City of Jerusalem, Israel

Al Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem

Temple Mount, Jerusalem

Western Wall, Jerusalem

Other Major Religious Sites Near
Dome of the Rock
Geographic Information
Inside Dome of the Rock...
3D Visual Tour:
www.jerusalem.com/tour/dome_of_the_rock_3D/web
Islamic Treasure Inside
Dome Of The Rock
Reference
Introduction
www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6DFme8tNQY&feature=youtu.be

Historical Timeline / Religious Background
Hayes, Holly. "Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem." Dome of the Rock. Sacred Destinations, 13 Jan. 2010.
Web. 02 Oct. 2013. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock>.
Timetoast. Timetoast. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013. <http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/dome-of-the-rock>.

Geographic Background
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry
Dome_of_the_Rock#Location.2C_construction.2C_and_dimensions
http://www.domeoftherock.net/Dome-of-the-Rock-Facts.html

Architectural Background
http://thehope.tripod.com/domerock.htm
http://www.domeoftherock.net/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dome_of_the_Rock#Architectural_homages

Inside Rock of the Dome
www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=vtpws8ayAxQ#t=11
www.jerusalem.com
http://elazhar.com/encyclopedia_u/Chapter4.asp
The Temple Mount,
Dome of the rock,
Jerusalem, Israel
Full transcript