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What are the cultural norms and values in Columbian society?
Transcript of What are the cultural norms and values in Columbian society?
Values in Colombian Society? Preston Elwell, Madeline Ragland, & Marissa Roth The Basics Religion Family Loyalty Community late 1980s, Colombia remained an overwhelmingly Roman Catholic country.
The Concordat of 1973 defined relations between the Colombian government and the Vatican.
altered the church's position on three major issues: the mission territories, education, and marriage
Church is the center of every community
local priest was often the major figure of authority and leadership.
Few of the indigenous religions encountered by the Spaniards survived
There were some Jewish and protestant people. Marriage defined by the Concordat allowed to contract civil marriages without abjuring the Catholic faith.
civil validity of church weddings was also recognized, although all marriages were also to be recorded on the civil registry.
Catholic Marriages could only be dissolved through arbitration in a church court. Book Connections: Character of the
"Local Priest" How did the Church play a role in Society? The rate of attendance at mass was high (85% in Urban areas)
main turning points in the life cycle and identified him or her as a social being.
baptism, first communion, marriage
a divorce law permitting the dissolution of civil marriages was passed in the mid-1970s. During the late 1980s, the debate over divorce for Catholic marriages continued unresolved. (this influenced the importance of a lasting marriage) Concordat (n)- An agreement or treaty, esp. one between the Vatican and a secular government relating to matters of mutual interest. Marriage and Machismo Fifth largest country in Latin America
70% of the population live in urban areas
The population is descended from three racial groups--Indians, blacks, and whites.
Second largest group of Spanish speakers in the world.
The production of coffee, flowers, emeralds, coal, and oil form the primary sector of Colombia's economy.
Presidential Representative Democracy, with three branches as of 1991. Machismo has played an important role in Colombian society
places great value on female virginity, emphasizes the importance of the extended family, and supports the underlying concept of sin and guilt as it pertains to sexuality Group Activity Compare and Contrast an element of the Colombian culture with American culture. How are the the same? How are they different? The nuclear family unit continued to be authoritarian, patriarchal, and patrilineal.
Men tried to shelter their wives and children from undesirable outside influences.
People earn respect due to age and position
Traditional elements of trust and mutual dependence among relatives, no matter how distant the relationship, were still strong
Concern with protecting the honor and virtue of the wife and unmarried daughters.
compadrazgo, a complex form of ritual kinship (godparents, etc) Book Connections: The Vicario Family <<<<<hint hint Angela Vicario- Daughter/Sister: forced into marriage for a better position in society
Pacio Vicario: Father- work as a goldsmith until he became blind, now family is poor. Gives Angela away at wedding
Purisima del Carmen: Mother- beats Angela when Bayardo returns her, strict mother
Pedro and Pablo Vicario: Brothers- kill Santiago to protect honor of the family Marriage Colombians, especially those in the middle class, regarded marriage as one of the best ways of moving up the social ladder.
Families tried to provide their children with the most elaborate church wedding they could afford. (Bayard San Roman & Angela)
Catholic marriage often connoted superior social status and prestige.
In contemplating religious marriage, both men and women might consider carefully the heavy costs involved against the prestige that would be gained Father Amador - The local priest, who forgets to warn Santiago Nasar about the plot against him.
He did the autopsy on Santiago Nasar. Bayardo San Roman His courtship of Angela demonstrates the rituals of Latin American marriage culture.
The purpose of this courtship ritual is not to cause the lovers to fall deeper in love but rather to demonstrate the man's affluence and power. BOOK EXAMPLE: Role of Women Vs. Men "The brothers were brought up to be men. The girls were brought up to be married. They knew how to do screen embroidery, sew by machine, weave bone lace, wash and iron, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement announcements… my mother thought there were no better-reared daughters. 'They're perfect,' she was frequently heard to say. 'Any man will be happy with them because they've been raised to suffer.'" The Bishop's Coming Community Involved in Santiago's Murder WORK CITED "Colombia - FAMILY LIFE." Colombia - FAMILY LIFE. U.S. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013.
González, José M., Ardila Rubén, et al. "Colombia." The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality:. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013.
Márquez, Gabriel G. "Chronicle of a Death Foretold." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. USA Religion COLOMBIA Religion The Bishop's visits are a big deal in the Catholic Church.
He arrived at 5:30am and was supposed to bless the people.
went by without stopping
people from the town still went out to greet him. The elite people all gravitate towards each other. On the other hand, the poorer people are shunned by them and have little to no political power. There is a correlation between skin color and class membership. Poor people are not admitted into social cliques or any similar things. What social class you are in is very important in Colombia. Colombia is equilitarian in terms of the gender issue. However, women are not considered fit for every job. The differences between the upper and lower class is very evident, especially when it comes to political power. Low income guarantees social isolation. The entire community played a role in Santiago's death. He was wealthy;the twins who killed him were poor, and the entire community knew that he was going to be murdered. The community that he was part of betrayed him in a way. The twins were not just angry;they were jealous because Santiago was rich.