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Second conditional

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Ximena Henríquez

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of Second conditional

We use the past tense to describe the unlikely, unreal or imaginary action or situation, and would + infinitive without to to describe the result.
Example, If I had money, I would visit the USA. Exercises
Match the two halves of the sentences.
1 If the building were stronger,
2 If everybody cycled more,
3 If people didn't have barbecues in the forest,
4 If it rained more in this country,
5 If we had more sun in this country,
6 If these people had clean water to drink,

a they'd use their cars less.
b we'd be able to grow crops more easily.
c they wouldn't get so many diseases.
d we'd use more solar power.
e they wouldn't fall down during earthquakes.
f there wouldn't be so many fires. SECOND CONDITIONAL USES AND EXERCISES. The if clause can come before or after the main clause. If it comes after, we don't use a comma.
Example, If I lived in the country, I'd have a dog.
I'd have a dog if I lived in the country. We use the second conditional to talk about situations that are unlikely and unreal. It can refer to the present or the future. If you went to Brazil, you wouldn't want to come back. Si fueras a Brazil, no querrías regresar.
If they spoke Spanish, we would understand them. Si ellos hablasen español, los entenderíamos.
If he didn't live by the river, he couldn't go fishing. Si el no viviera cerca del río, no podría ir a pescar.
If I didn't want to go, I would tell you. Si no quisiera ir, te lo diría.
If they worked for that company, they might have better salaries. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía, podrían tener mejores sueldos. If she had more time, she would travel more often. Si ella tuviera más tiempo, viajaría más a menudo.
If it were not raining, we could go out. Si no estuviese lloviendo, podríamos salir.
If we didn't have to work today, we could have a picnic. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy, podríamos tener un picnic.
If they won the lottery, they wouldn't work any more. Si ellos ganaran la lotería, no trabajarían más.
If I saw her, I would ask her out. Si la viera, la invitaría a salir. If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. Si ganara la lotería, viajaría por todo el mundo.
If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro. Si yo estuviese en Brasil, iría a Río de Janeiro.
If I were you, I would buy that car. Si yo fuese tú, compraría ese auto.
If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this. Si él estuviese en mi lugar, no haría esto.
If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment. Si yo tuviese más dinero, me compraría un lindo apartamento. II. Write second conditional sentences.
1 I'm not very good at ice hockey. I can't skate very fast.
2 I go to bed late. I 'm always tired in the morning.
3 I'm not going to watch the World Cup Final. I don't like football.
4 I'm not taking a coat with me. It's warm outside.
5 She isn't sending any postcards. She hasn't got her address book with her.
6 I don't understand this exercise, so I can't do it.
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