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Millennium Development Goals

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Megan Casuga

on 9 June 2015

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Transcript of Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals
Eliminate Extreme Poverty & Hunger
Achieve Universal Primary Education
Promote Gender Equality & Empower Women
Reduce Child Mortality
Improve Maternal Health
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, & Other Diseases
Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Develop a Global Partnership for Development
In September 2000, the United Nations created 8 goals to improve living conditions around the world, specifically in developing countries. They are to be achieved by the end of 2015.
Problems:
Deforestation of tropical rain forests for agricultural land
Greenhouse gases causing climate change and extreme weather
Target:
To improve the lives of at least 100 million people living in poverty-filled areas
Problems
Approximately 1.2 billion people live in extreme poverty worldwide.
Every 1/8 people worldwide don't consume enough food for the daily recommendations
Canada's contribution:
Department of Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada (DFATD) spent $ 1.18 billion for developing countries
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) spent $ 93.8 billion in 2012-2013 alone.
From 2010-2014 over $238.4 million for environmental sustainability was spent
Target:
Reduce the maternal mortality ratio by 3/4
Target:
Halve the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day and suffer from hunger
Target:

Ensure universal primary school completion
The Future
Strengths
Weakness
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Target:
Have stopped and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases by 2015
Achieve universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it by 2010
Target:
Achieve equal gender ratio in primary and secondary school
Target:
Reduce the under-five mortality rate by 2/3
1.Wealthier countries showed increased responsibility for poverty around the world.

2. Overall improves the world for the best.

3. Addresses many of the issues present in the world.

4. People in developing countries will live longer and in better health. They will have opportunities to get an education, eat nutritious food.

5. Developed countries aid developing countries to become developed.
1.There were conditions which were excluded such as mental health, disabilities, peace, and security.

2. Some goals and targets may be over ambitious and not realistic.

4. A number of goals have not been accomplished.

5. Certain countries may be neglected and not have as much help.

6. Some countries disapprove of the help given by the UN ex. Nigeria not wanting girls to go to school
Target:
Developing countries were to improve their development
Developed countries are to support the developing countries
Only possible with effective partnerships
Canada's Contribution:
Help provide aid in developing countries
We are helping developing countries lower greenhouse gas emissions and climate change
Canada's Contribution:
We aim to help businesses grow and to invest in people
Problems:
Approximately 102 million children didn't attend school in 2000
In 2011, the number dropped to 51 million
Same amount of girls are attending school,as there are boys (gender discrimination dropping)
Canada's Contribution:
Pledged $165 million to ensure teachers would undergo special training,receive learning materials,and that students would receive more learning opportunities after primary education
Achievements
In 10 years, 200 million people in developing countries received better water sources, housing, and sanitation facilities
Halved the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day and suffer from hunger was met five years early.
The mortality rate for children younger than five years of age in developing countries dropped by more than one third: 14,000 fewer children died each day
So far the SDGs contain 17 goals with 169 targets. Some of the Sustainable Development Goals include ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, battling climate change, and protecting oceans and forests.
Canada's Contribution:
In 2010, Canada’s assisted in forming the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women).
Since 2010, Canada has provided $10 million annually to support of this institution.
Canada's Contributions:
Increased immunization coverage
Better nutrition
Improved health systems
Dropping from more than 543,000 deaths to 290,000 deaths
2.5 million people worldwide were newly infected with HIV, compared to 3.1 million people who were infected in 2001
Canada's Contribution:
Increased access to sexual and reproductive health services
Stronger access to family planning
Access to skilled health care professionals during birth
Canada's Contribution:
Provide;
Greater accessibility to lifesaving drugs
Greater reach for treatment programs
Greater reach for prevention and support initiatives
After the completion of the Millennium Development Goals at the end of 2015 a new set of goals will replace them called the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
Problem:
Nearly 9 million children under the age of five die every year of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, measles, and HIV/AIDS around the world especially in developing countries. Many of these deaths could have easily been prevented with low cost treatments and health care.
Problems:
A woman dies from complications in childbirth every minute. Most of them die because they have limited access to routine and emergency care.
Problems:
Many girls do not attend schools.
Some countries that have over a million girls not in school are Nigeria there are almost five and a half million, Pakistan, over three million, and in Ethiopia, over one million girls out of school.
Problems:

35 million people around the world are currently infected with HIV/AIDS including 3.2 children.
Over half a million (627, 000) people die from malaria each year
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