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Taylor Kickbush

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Newspapers

Featured: Subtitle Screw-ups
The 1900s
The 2000s
The newspapers we know today
There were 1,456 daily newspapers in the United States alone, selling 55 million copies a day.
This was the worst year in decades as far as advertising revenues for newspapers. However, newspapers are moving into online internet versions.
The newspapers we know today can be linked to 17th century Europe. They were called Corantos which were one-page news sheets about specific events.
They were a sort of precursor to a newspaper. Although efficient, Corantos died in the 18th century.
59 B.C.-Today
Vol I
It all began in 59 B.C.
The history of newspapers
The 1800s
59 B.C:
Acta Diurna
, the first newspaper, is publicly published in Rome.
Acta Diurna
would be either carved on stone or metal and presented in public places like the Forum in Rome after each meeting of the Senate under Caesar.
The first African American newspaper, called
Freedom’s Journal
, was published in 1827 by John B. Russwurm and Reverend Samuel Cornish.
Of the forty African American newspapers that followed, Fredrick Douglass’
The Ram’s Horn
North Star
became the most renowned before the Civil War.
The first monthly newspaper, called the
Notizie Scritte
was published in Venice
. This paper mainly published political and war stories.
The first printed newspaper was published weekly in Antwerp, Belgium called
Post-och Inrikes Tidningar
is published in Sweden and is still being published today, making it the world's oldest newspaper.
It is the official government newspaper and gazette of Sweden and the country’s official notification medium for announcements such as auctions.
The first multi-page
newspaper is published in
America called
. Prior to
Publick Occurences
single-page newspapers
called “broadsides.”
The founding fathers of America debated, drafted and adopted the first Ten Amendments of the Constitution. The First Amendment allowed freedom of the speech and press, which allowed the newspapers to take off!
Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts which made writing, publishing, or printing “any false scandalous and malicious writing” about the president, Congress, or the federal government illegal
. These laws were unpopular from the public, and Congress reconsidered these Acts in 1800.
Native American newspapers established in Georgia in what is known as the
Cherokee Phoenix
The tradition of Native American newspapers continues today around the country in papers such as the
Lakota Times.
The New York Sun
, created by Benjamin Day on September third, costs one cent - the beginning of the penny press.
Day wanted to sell his papers so inexpensively that it would attract a large readership which could then be “sold” to advertisers. Day’s ambition led to various penny papers in all major cities, such as New York.

Also in 1833 was the creation of “Yellow Journalism” by a Hungarian immigrant known as Joseph Pulitzer. He brought a populist approach to the news and focused on what he considered the “common man.”
Pulitzer talked of topics such as slums, labor tensions, and failing farms.
Pulitzer is now most known for his Pulitzer Prize for excellence in journalism.

The Post Office starts offering a special cheap newspaper rate.
A post office is defined as a customer service facility that offers delivery of stationary and letters, and today even offers packaging.
The first news gathering organization known as the New York Associated Press was established. This was known as a “wire service” because large newspapers in New York pooled efforts and shared expenses to collect news from foreign ships docking at NYC’s harbor.
This started a wire service revolution that created the Associated Press, the United Press and the International News Service.
The first illustrated daily newspaper was published in New York.
The Royal Baking Powder Company becomes the biggest newspaper advertiser in the world. This company began in 1866 by Joseph Christoffel Hoagland and William Ziegler.
Today it is the number two brand of packaged foods in America after General Foods.
The first tabloid style newspaper, the
Daily Mirror
is published in Britain and was founded by Alfred Harmsworth. It was a newspaper for women, run by women.
Harmsworth intended the
Daily Mirror
to be a reflection of feminine life.
In response to the competition of radio and magazines for advertising dollars, newspapers formed newspaper chains. Newspaper chains were papers in different cities across the country owned by a single company. This is now seen as the modern newspaper that we know today.
There are more radios than there are daily newspapers.
Newspapers use digital production processes and began using computers for operations.
Use of offset presses becomes common. Offset printing was a commonly used printing technique in the seventies which the inked image was transferred (or "offset") from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.
It was originally called “lithography” and was used to reproduce artwork. Offset presses were low maintenance and were preferably used for large masses of publishing.
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