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Labor Unrest 1920s

People going on strike

rachael kozlowski

on 21 March 2011

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Transcript of Labor Unrest 1920s

A Time of labor unrest -Nothing would interfere
-Could not strike ( Government would not allow)
-Postwar conflict between labor and management
-1919 more than 3,000 strikers
-4 million walked off the job
-Employers did not want to give raises nor did they want employees to join unions
-Employers labeled striking workers communists
-This grabbed the publics attention
Boston Police Strike Not given a raise since the beginning of World War 1
Denied the right to unionize Calvin Coolidge called out National Guard People praised Coolidge for saving Boston if not nation, from Communism and Anarchy
New policemen were hired
Strike ended but members were not allowed to return to work
Steel Mill Strike Workers wanted the right to negotiate for shorter hours and a living wage
1919 U.S. Steel Corporation refused to meet with Union Representatives
300,000 walked off jobs
Workers were beaten by police, federal troops, state militias
Steel strike ended in Jan. 1920
1923 – harsh working conditions in Steel Mills
Working conditions shocked the public
Companies agreed to an 8 hour day
Remained without a Union
Coal Miners’ Strike Mine workers got a new leader John L. Lewis
Low wages and long work days he called his members out on strike on Nov. 1st 1919
Sent back to work from General Palmer
Declared it’s over, but quietly gave the word for it to continue
Mines stayed closed
President Wilson ended in the dispute
Coal miners received a 27% wage increase
Did not receive a shorter work day and a five- day work week until 1930’s
Wilson became a national hero
The Harding Presidency
*Harding Struggles for Peace After WWI, problems surfaced relating to arms control, war debts, and the reconstruction of war - torn countries Charles Evans Hughs urged that no more warships to be built for 10 years. High Tariffs and Reparations New conflict arose when it came time for Britain and France to pay back the $10 billion they borrowed from America Only two ways to pay them back:
- selling goods
- collecting reparations from Germany 1922- America adopted the Fordney McCumber Tariff - which raised taxes on some U.S. imports to 60% Tax protected U.S. businesses from foreign competition, but made it impossible for Britain and France to sell enough goods to the U.S. to repay debts France and Britain looked to Germany to help pay the U.S. back but failed to make payment American Investors loaned Germany 2.5 billion to pay back Britain and France; they then paid the U.S. back
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