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Copy of Copy of Interest Groups

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by

Bevin Schmer

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Interest Groups

Interest Groups: Any organization with shared goals that attempts to influence the policy-making process
Interest Groups are carefully protected by the First Amendment
Speech (money=speech)
Petition
Assembly (and related right of association)
Political Parties nominate candidates
Interest groups simply seek to influence policy, not office holders
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
Interest Groups vs. Political Parties?
Types of Interest Groups:
LABOR
For example, the Union of Unions, the AFL-CIO
Union shop vs. Right to Work
Low wages in other countries reduce the clout of unions here
Types of Interest Groups:
BUSINESS
Very conflicting, very few monolithic interests
Usually seek to influence taxes, tarriffs, subsidies, and regulation
Examples?
Types of Interest Groups:
ENVIRONMENT:
Newer
Seek to influence policies limiting pollution, effects of global warming, mining and drilling
Types of Interest Groups:
EQUALITY
Seek to influence policies in voting, housing, jobs, education
Examples of legislation?
Types of Interest Groups:
CONSUMER AND PUBLIC INTERESTS
Organizations that seek a collective good but will not benefit selectively
Public good is something that everyone pays for and everyone benefits from
Examples?
Lobbying = how interest groups effect policy
"Communication, by someone other than a citizen acting on their own behalf, directed at a governmental decision maker with the hope of influencing their decisions"
Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995
Lobbying Congress and the Executive:
1. Source of information
2. Suggest political strategy for passing legislation
3. Suggest political campaign strategy
4. Source of possible legislation/ideas
This of course, leads quite easily into....
....Electioneering
P.A.C.s
Lobbying the Judicial:
Litigation
Amicus Curaie briefs
Indirect Lobbying:
Using the media
"Grassroots"
Propaganda
Effectiveness of Interest Groups:
Size? Intensity/Issues? $$$?
SIZE
Not necessarily a correlation between size and effectiveness
Potential Group
Actual Group
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
"Free-Rider" Problem
When people benefit from a groups work without contributing in any way
- natural result of public/collective goods
SELECTIVE benefits = better motivation to work towards influencing policy, therefore small groups more effective
Effectiveness of Interest Groups:
ISSUES/INTENSITY
Single-issue groups often prove to be the most effective- focused, with clear cut results
Examples?
Effectiveness of Interest Groups:
MONEY
Millions are spent contributing to campaigns
Not necessarily a constant correlation between money and success however.
Money only has effect if politicians LET it
Competition amongst interest groups
Shifting alliances depending on goal, not on money
Are Interest Groups a Positive Force?
Pluralism:
Group Theory
Hyperpluralism
TOO MANY groups
Elitism
Real power?
11.2 -Theories on Interest Groups
Groups compete
Groups link
Many groups=dispersed influence
Many groups=cooperation for resources
All groups have their own strengths
Many groups have no real power
A few groups control majority of influence and resources
Usually to the detriment of public, or at the very least with indifference to public goods
Groups are too powerful
Expands bureaucracy, regulation
Iron triangles:


Negative to public because of confusion and lack of cohesive direction
11.1 - The Role of Interest Groups
11.3 - What makes an Interest Group Successful?
11.4 - How Groups Try to Shape Policy
11.5 - Types of Interest Groups
interest groups
executive enforcement
congressional policy/law
Full transcript