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STCW and its impacts
Transcript of STCW and its impacts
Maritime Organisation (IMO) in July 1978
and It came into force April 1984 Amendments Radio officer at radio station Deck officer operating communications 1991 1994 Special training
for crews on tankers 1995 Major revisions Special training requirements
and qualifications of personnel
passenger ships Emergency,
and Survival functions Ensuring compliance with the Convention:
82 (over 90% of the world’s ships and
seafarers) out of 132 STCW parties were
complying with the requirements by
August 1998 Watchkeeping Preventing fatigue by regulating hours of work and rest: - A minimum of 10 hours of rest in a 24 hour period -77 hours of rest in a 7 day period The WHITE List: Countries complying with ‘full and complete effect’ to the revised STCW Convention (STCW '95) Port State Control:
Allowing intervention in the case of deficiencies which were deemed to pose a danger to persons, property or the environment STCW Code
Part A of the code:
Part B of the code:
Recommended - Makes administration and revising easier 2010 1997 Mandatory training for personnel on passenger ships other than ro-ro passenger ships:
providing direct service to passengers
human behavior training 1998 Improving minimum standards of competence of crews:
relating to cargo securing
unloading Stability and dangers of cargo shift Prevent fraudulent practices associated with certificates of competency ECDIS: New requirements relating to training in modern technology New requirements for marine environment awareness training and training in leadership and teamwork New requirements for security training: I - International
S - Ship
P - Port Facility
S - Security
Code Introduction of modern training methods – distance learning and web based New training:
personnel serving on board ships in the polar waters
personnel operation Dynamic Positioning Systems (DPS)
Hours of work and rest
Minimum standards of competency – Globally standardized (White List)
Security training (ISPS Code)
Global Maritime Safety and Distress system (GMDSS) The modernization of ships with advanced communication systems and automation as well as learning from events has resulted in major amendments and new requirements for seafarers to make the seas and vessels a safer and more efficient environment. Running of maritime operations , shipping companies and businesses in a more safe and cost effective manner.
Seafarers have to attend during leave:
training and courses
Shipping companies' overheads
and costs increase in order to
provide training Effects: Most significant changes: STCW has impacted our marine and shipping industry immensely