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THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF TOTEM POLES
Transcript of THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF TOTEM POLES
lifespan is 60 to 80 years. Fun Fact! By Cheryl, Sara and Archchchenaa (: What are totem poles? -usually Red Cedar, because...
-great amount of the trees in the region where the First Nations and Native Americans lived
-straight grained-easy to carve
-rot-resistant and durable Culture -carved by the indigenous people of the northwest coast of North America (Haida, Tlingit, Kwakiutl tribes) Symbols of clan, family, memory, and prestige -which would be infamous story telling poles standing in font of people's houses, right? -used to elicit public embarrassment, (usually for unpaid debts) -aren't erected very much anymore, (Many First Nations strive for solidarity, rather than fighting amongst each other) -Usually placed in prominent locations (outdoors) -a famous shame pole named the LINCOLN POLE (made 1867) It was directed at the US government, for not repaying a potlach to the Tinglit people. (historic event) Funerary Containers Memorial Markers -Supported roof of the house -homes usually have 4 house posts,
2 at the front and and 2 at the back. -often carry carvings that also represented family lineages and histories. -had a burial box on the top of the totem pole -contained the remains of a dead chief or high-ranking person -remains were placed inside the pole for one year after the death -box was usually hidden from view by a frontal board, painted and/or carved with a lineage crest, placed across the front. -pole is raised by successor 1 year after the death of an important individual -used to honor and remember a person -depicted the appropriate crests and symbols that represented outstanding achievements or events in the life of the individual may recount Familiar Legends Clan Lineages Important Events House Front Poles -meant to show success of families -showed stories and family's achievements through artistic carvings on poles -illustrations are observed from bottom to top -may show family's religious crest There are many other cultures that create totem poles such as... Native Australian tribes created them to mark their territories Aztec and Mayan totem poles were carved from stone, to represent gods and great battles Chinese and Koreans made small totems to signify their obedience to their Gods and respect to their ancestors. Totem Pole Artists -will need to have a wide variety of carving
tools. -required to understand the history, cultural and spiritual beliefs associated with the people and also the art itself Famous Totem Pole Artist. Henry Hunt. -famed Canadian First Nations artist from the Kwakwaka'wakw people of coastal British Columbia. -born in 1923 in the Kwakwaka'wakw community of Fort Rupert, B.C. -descendant of the renowned Native ethnologist George Hunt - was originally a logger and fisherman
-traveled to Victoria to help his father-in-law Mungo Martin at the British Columbia Provincial Museum in Victoria in 1954-1974. -He succeeded Mungo Martin becoming a chief carver in 1962 -he was famed for following the Kwakwaka'wakw carving tradition, using little paint, making deep cuts with traditional tools Hunt's famous works can be sighted at the Thunderbird Park and around the globe, including a pole in the town of Berkhamsted in the United Kingdom. -father of 4 totem pole artists, Shirley, Tony, Richard, and Stanley Hunt. Starting with... Then there were... Thunderbird Park Henry Hunt's famed carvings. We hope that you liked the presentation and learned a little bit more about totem poles.
Thanks for watching! Totem poles...