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Emergence of Bombay as
Transcript of Emergence of Bombay as
a Major City
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Bombay became an attractive destination for people seeking jobs after the British administration replaced Surat with Bombay as its principal western port. The consequent increase in trade and industries led to a great influx of people. Most of the people in the film industry were migrants themselves, and wanted to portray the plight of this class of people through films. All through these years, the prospects for trade and commerce, and employment kept increasing, thereby making Bombay an attractive destination for migrants.
1. Bombay became the capital of Bombay precidency in 1819.so it attracted more and more people.
2. With the growth of trade in cotton and opium,large communities of traders and bankers as well as artisans and shopkeepers came to settle in Bombay.
3. Large number of people flowed in from the nearby areas specially from the Ratnagiri district to work in Bombay mills.
4. Introduction of railways encouraged higher scale of migrants to Bombay.
5. Famine in dry regions of Kutch drove large number of people into Bombay.
Life of a migrant in Bombay
1. Aamna Tahira: Housing and Neighbourhood
2. Afreen Mohammad: Major reasons for the expansion of Bombay population.
3. Alisha Abbas: Life of a migrant in Bombay
4. Alefiya Mustafa: Work in the city
5. Amaze Toms: Housing and Neighbourhood
Members of the group:
Major Reasons for the Expansion of Bombay Population
Bombay was a crowded city. It had a mere 9.5 square yards per house. By 1872, the number of people in a house in Bombay was as high as 20. With the rapid and unplanned expansion of the city, the crisis of housing and water supply became acute by the mid-1850s. The arrival of the textile mills only increased the pressure on Bombay’s housing. More than 70 per cent of the working people lived in the thickly populated chawls of Bombay. Since workers walked to their place of work, 90 per cent of millworkers were housed in Girangaon, a ‘mill village’ not more than 15 minutes’ walk from the mills. Many families could reside at a time in a tenement. High rents forced workers to share homes. People who belonged to the ‘depressed classes’ found it even more difficult to find housing. Lower castes had to live in shelters made of corrugated sheets, leaves, or bamboo poles.
Housing and Neighbourhood
Work in the city
Bombay quickly expanded. With the growth of trade in cotton and opium, large communities of traders and bankers as well as artisans and shopkeepers came to settle in Bombay. The first cotton textile mill in Bombay was established in 1854. By 1921, there were 85 cotton mills with about 146,000 workers. Only about one-fourth of Bombay’s inhabitants between 1881 and 1931 were born in Bombay: the rest came from outside. Large numbers flowed in from the nearby district of Ratnagiri to work in the Bombay mills. Bombay dominated the maritime trade of India till well into the twentieth century. It was also at the junction head of two major railways. The railways encouraged an even higher scale of migration into the city. The flood of migrants in some years created panic and alarm in official circles. Worried by the influx of population during the plague epidemic of 1898, district authorities sent about 30,000 people back to their places of origin by 1901.