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AS Organic Chemistry

An Overview of AS Organic Chemsitry

John Andrews

on 20 January 2013

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Transcript of AS Organic Chemistry

Propane Propene 1,2-dibromopropane 2-bromopropane Propan-2-ol Butanenitrile 1-bromopropane 1-aminopropane Propan-1-ol Propanal Propanone Propanoic Acid Thermal Cracking Hydrogenation 1-aminopropane Organic Chemistry Synthesis High Temperature up to 1000 degrees Celcius High Pressure up to 70 atmosphere Hydration Dehydration Free Radical Substitution Reaction UV Light, Halogen, Phothochemical Reaction (Halogen free radical regenerated, catalyst) Initiation, Propagation, Terminantion Elimination Reaction Warm, NaOH/KOH dissolved in Ethanol (:OH base) Anhydrous, Reflux (H20 and K or Na Halide ion formed) Haloalkane Nitrile Warm, KCN dissolved in ethanol (:CN nucleophile), Reflux Alkane Haloalkane Alkene Propan-2-ol Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction Warm, aqueous KOH/NaOH (:0H nucleophile) Na/K Halide ion by product Alcohol Secondary Alcohol Amine Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction Warm, excess Ammonia dissolved in Ethanol, Reflux Electrophiliic Addition Electrophilic Addition Halogen partially charged (van er waals) room temperature, shake, Br2 oraange - colourless Ketone Oxidation Reaction Hydrogen Halide polar molecule (H+ electrophile) Room temperature Warm, Acidified Potassium Dichromate(VI) (reduced) reflux Primary Alcohol Aldehyde Carboxylic Acid Oxidation Reaction Oxidation Reaction Reduction Reaction Reduction Reaction Electrophilic Addition Hydration Dehydration Haloakane
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