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Types of Microphones
Transcript of Types of Microphones
Hi, my name is Clayton Nascimento and I'm from Brazil.
The first choice you will have to make when purchasing or choosing a microphone is
the microphone type.
Though there are differences between microphones...
We use mainly two types:
There are many types of microphones.
They function in a very different way, and they have different needs.
Some Commonly Used Dynamic Microphones
by Clayton Nascimento
things like the
acoustics of the room
have a much bigger impact.
Dynamic microphones are the most commonly used microphones in performance stages.
They are tough and can handle heavy sound pressure e.g screaming guitars; making them the musicians best choice when performing live.
You can get a good dynamic mic for about $100.
It is the most popular snare mic of all times.
It also works well on guitar amps.
It is a standard, kind of hand held stage microphone.
It's designed to be on stage in a loud environment where there are monitors and other instruments that you don’t want to pick up, so it's excellent for that situation.
Good examples of dynamic microphones that have earned a place in the studio:
En excellent choice for bass drums.
Works great on toms
Used for different applications:
Dynamic mics are perfect for:
They do not require phantom power to work and they are not harmed by phantom power either.
Another thing to consider between a dynamic microphone and a condenser microphone is how it's powered.
A dynamic microphone does not require any external power.
A condenser microphone requires phantom power.
A condenser microphone tends to be used in the studio.
Because they are so sensitive, we have to be careful using them on stage in a live situation.
There are two types of condenser mics:
If you're looking to purchase a single microphone for your home studio, I would suggest a large diaphragm condenser microphone.
Large Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
They are usually used for recording vocals and acoustic instruments.
Examples of large diaphragm condenser microphones:
SE electronics Z3300a
Neumann TLM 103
Small Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
They work well on acoustics and as overhead drum kit microphones.
They are usually cheaper than large diaphragm microphones and can be used in the same way.
They do not capture as wide frequency response as large diaphragm microphones because they have a smaller capsule.
If you are not careful your breath and even the movement of your feet in the booth can also be picked up.
Small Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
They tend to be more expensive compared to dynamic microphones with a price range of between $140 – $5000.
More sensitive to physical damage and moisture because they have much lighter and more flexible diaphragms.
You can get a high quality condenser microphone that can resist physical damage from rough handling as well as any robust dynamic microphone.
Other types of microphones:
Condenser microphones need a lot more protection than dynamic microphones.
Condenser microphones need phantom power supplied by your mixer, a battery or dedicated power supply to work.
are better when
performing on a live stage as they are capable of withstanding the most horrific of abuse and usually withstand very high sound pressure levels.
Condenser mics are better suited for studio recording if you are to get the best sound possible.
In order to understand the content, you can watch the video again (“Microphone Types”). Then you will realize that you have become an expert in this topic.
"I appreciate your time and attention. I would be very grateful if you leave your comments, critiques and suggestions, so that I can do a better job in the next activity."
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