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Types of Microphones

This lesson is for week 1 of the course Introduction to Music Production from the Berklee College of Music through Coursera.org. I will be teaching a lesson on types of microphones.
by

Cultura Brasileña

on 21 July 2013

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Transcript of Types of Microphones

This lesson is for week 1 of the course Introduction to Music Production from the Berklee College of Music through Coursera.org. I will be teaching a lesson on types of microphones.
Hi, my name is Clayton Nascimento and I'm from Brazil.
The first choice you will have to make when purchasing or choosing a microphone is
the microphone type.
Though there are differences between microphones...
We use mainly two types:
dynamic
microphones,
condenser
microphones.
There are many types of microphones.
Dynamic Microphones
vs.
Condenser Microphones

They function in a very different way, and they have different needs.
Some Commonly Used Dynamic Microphones
Types of...
by Clayton Nascimento
things like the
acoustics of the room
and the
mic placement
have a much bigger impact.
Dynamic microphones are the most commonly used microphones in performance stages.
They are tough and can handle heavy sound pressure e.g screaming guitars; making them the musicians best choice when performing live.
Shure
SM57

You can get a good dynamic mic for about $100.
It is the most popular snare mic of all times.
It also works well on guitar amps.
Shure SM-58
It is a standard, kind of hand held stage microphone.
It's designed to be on stage in a loud environment where there are monitors and other instruments that you don’t want to pick up, so it's excellent for that situation.
Sennheiser MD421
Good examples of dynamic microphones that have earned a place in the studio:
AKG D112
En excellent choice for bass drums.
Sennheiser MD421
Works great on toms
Used for different applications:
congas
snare drums
guitar cabinets
vocals
Dynamic mics are perfect for:
drums
electric guitars
They do not require phantom power to work and they are not harmed by phantom power either.
Another thing to consider between a dynamic microphone and a condenser microphone is how it's powered.
A dynamic microphone does not require any external power.
A condenser microphone requires phantom power.
Condenser Microphones
A condenser microphone tends to be used in the studio.
Because they are so sensitive, we have to be careful using them on stage in a live situation.
There are two types of condenser mics:
large diaphragm
small diaphragm
If you're looking to purchase a single microphone for your home studio, I would suggest a large diaphragm condenser microphone.
Large Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
They are usually used for recording vocals and acoustic instruments.
Examples of large diaphragm condenser microphones:
SE electronics Z3300a
Neumann TLM 103
Neumann U87
AKG C414
Small Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
They work well on acoustics and as overhead drum kit microphones.
They are usually cheaper than large diaphragm microphones and can be used in the same way.
They do not capture as wide frequency response as large diaphragm microphones because they have a smaller capsule.
If you are not careful your breath and even the movement of your feet in the booth can also be picked up.
Small Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
They tend to be more expensive compared to dynamic microphones with a price range of between $140 – $5000.
More sensitive to physical damage and moisture because they have much lighter and more flexible diaphragms.
You can get a high quality condenser microphone that can resist physical damage from rough handling as well as any robust dynamic microphone.
Other types of microphones:
Ribbon microphones
PZM microphones
Lavalier microphones
SUMMARY
Condenser microphones need a lot more protection than dynamic microphones.
Condenser microphones need phantom power supplied by your mixer, a battery or dedicated power supply to work.
Dynamic microphones
are better when
performing on a live stage as they are capable of withstanding the most horrific of abuse and usually withstand very high sound pressure levels.
Condenser mics are better suited for studio recording if you are to get the best sound possible.
In order to understand the content, you can watch the video again (“Microphone Types”). Then you will realize that you have become an expert in this topic.
"I appreciate your time and attention. I would be very grateful if you leave your comments, critiques and suggestions, so that I can do a better job in the next activity."
Sources:
http://blog.vibeink.com/dynamic-vs-condenser-microphones/
https://class.coursera.org/musicproduction-001/lecture/21
Clayton Nascimento
design by Sendy Monarrez
Full transcript