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Seneca Tribe By Chloe Smith
Transcript of Seneca Tribe By Chloe Smith
The Seneca tribe built fences out of wooden poles. The Seneca often dug ditches around the outside of the fences. Longhouses were a rectangular barnlike structure with a domed roof. A longhouse consisted of a framework of tree sapling set into the ground about three feet apart, covered with elm bark shingles.
The Seneca men wore deerskin breed clothes and moccasins in the summer, and added fur robes in the winter. The Seneca women wore deerskin dresses that extended to the mid-calf.
The Seneca Tribe occupied the Finger Lakes to the Allegheny River. They were the westernmost tribe of the confederacy.
The Seneca grew corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, tabacco, and artichokes. The Seneca women also gathered edible plants in the forest, including skunk cabbage, pokeweed, milkweed, strawberries, blackberries, rasberries, huckleberries,nuts, and acorns.
The Seneca crafted turkey feather headdresses and brightly colored woven sashes. The Seneca also crafted different ceremonial masks out of wood.
Arts and Crafts
The Seneca spoke a dialect of the Iroquoian language family.
Malinowski, S. & Sheets, A. (1998) Seneca. In The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. (pp. 279-284) New York, NY.
Synder, Berri. (2013) Seneca Nation of Indians. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from www.sni.org