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Transcript of Andy Warhol
By: Bailey Bunescu
The Life of
Andy Warhol was an American artist and a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement, which was extremely popular by the 1960s. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a renowned and sometimes controversial artist. Warhol's art encompassed many forms of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music.
THE POP ART
Andy Warhol is considered to be "The Pope of Pop Art." At the time, many other artists were joining in with this highly anticipated movement, which emerged in the late 1950's. Pop Art was a very important movement because of the strong impact it had on society and culture.
Andy Warhol was one of the leading and most famous people in the pop art movement. His art is modern and simple, yet intriguing and interesting. He inspired many other artists to experiment with this style of art, making it an extremely popular form of abstract expressionism by the late 1950's. Pop art combines elements of popular culture and techniques from commercial art and advertising to put a modern twist on fine art.
After graduating from college, Andy Warhol moved to New York City.
He experimented with silk screening, movie making, music, and a wide variety of media.
Warhol went to the Carnegie Institute of Technology, where he graduated with a major in pictorial design.
August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Andy Warhol tried pop art in 1960, but wasn't getting the attention he wanted.
Roy Lichtenstein was an American pop artist, whose work was often inspired by the comic strip. His art was usually humorous, and heavily influenced by both popular advertising and comic book style. His paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City.
Roy Lichtenstein's Works
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Tom Wesselmann, who was born in Cincinnati on February 23, 1931, was an American artist associated with the Pop art movement who worked in painting, collage and sculpture.
"Lulu" - 1982
Robert Rauschenberg was an American painter and graphic artist whose helped start the pop art movement. Rauschenberg was both a painter and a sculptor, but he also worked with photography, printmaking, papermaking, and performance. He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1993.
"Harbor" - 1964
"Retroactive" - 1964
James Rosenquist is an American artist and one of the protagonists in the pop-art movement. His fields of work are painting, printmaking, and drawing.
"Lady Dog Lizard"
"Target With Four Faces"
Jasper Johns was born in 1930 in Augusta, Georgia, and is an American contemporary artist who works primarily in painting and printmaking. He began drawing as a young child, and at the age of five knew he wanted to be an artist. For three semesters he attended the University of South Carolina at Columbia, where his art teachers urged him to move to New York, which he did in late 1948.
Andy Warhol lived in New York during his life after college, and his art was influenced by the city once he moved there, simply because of his newly acquired bohemian lifestyle and his newly found place in the circles of high society.
After experimenting with other forms of media, Warhol decided to go back to pop art, where his career began to flourish.
Andy Warhol manipulated popular taste through comic, decorative, and whimsical art in his early commercial illustrations, but delivered a cold and impersonal mood through his pop art. His signature art style was silkscreened, mass-produced canvas art in variations of color in multiple editions, which was influenced by the commercial advertising industry. Some of his most recognizable artwork depicts Campbell's soup, though his subject matter also included famous people, endangered species, and contemporary American culture.
"Marilyn Monroe" Screen-Print
36 in. x 36 in.
"Eight Elvises" Silkscreen
Approximate Dimensions: 6.5 ft. x 12 ft.
"Camouflage Self Portrait" Silkscreen
80.5 in. x 76 in.
32 canvases, each measuring 20 in. x 16 in.
"Campbell's Soup Cans"
30 in. x 26 in.
"Michael Jackson" Acrylic & Silkscreen
The Art of...
Andy Warhol died unexpectedly in February of 1987 in New York, New York.
In the 1960s, Warhol continued to paint and he also made films. From 1963 to 1968, he made nearly 60 movies. One of his movies, Sleep, is a five-and-a-half hour film of a man sleeping.
On July 3, 1968, actress Valerie Solanas walked into Warhol's studio and shot him in the chest. Less than thirty minutes later, Warhol was pronounced clinically dead. The doctor cut Warhol's chest open and massaged his heart in attempt to get it started again, which worked. Though his life was saved, it took a long time for his health to recover.
During the 1970s and 1980s, Warhol continued to paint. He also began publishing a magazine called Interview and several books about himself and pop art. He even experimented in television.