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william cecil

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A Tilson

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of william cecil

William Cecil Who was he? "This judgment I have of you, that you will not be corrupted with any manner of gifts, and that you will be faithful to the state." William Cecil Cecil was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572.

Cecil entered into the service of Elizabeth I in 1550. By 1558, a personal relationship of confidence, trust and mutual respect had grown between them two.

Cecil impressed his colleagues with his ability to hold a seemingly vast amount of information. He worked very long hours, was tactful and all his decisions were based on sound judgement. Important role Cecil played an important role in within the making of peace with France and Scotland. Peace was also achieved when the Queen accepted the loss of Calais.

Cecil's role in the struggle to pass the Uniformity bill is unclear, but he clearly saw eye to eye with the Queen as to the shape of the new ecclesiastical regime, firmly anti-papal but retaining enough of the formal structure of worship to conciliate those of conservative habits. First major challenges His first major diplomatic achievement was to persuade a reluctant Queen to intervene in Scotland and conclude the Treaty of Edinburgh, which removed French forces from Scotland.

Elizabeth’s flirtation with Robert Dudley however, weakened Cecil’s position. Despite threats of resignation and opposition to Robert Dudley, Cecil retained Elizabeth’s trust and was rewarded with the lucrative mastership of the Court of Wards in 1561. Religion As known, Elizabeth was a strong Protestant. She was very committed to her religion but wanted Catholicism to die out slowly, therefore letting Catholics practice their religion in private.

William Cecil was a Protestant. Although Elizabeth I had said that she had “no desire to make windows into men’s souls”, Cecil did not believe in religious tolerance and said that England “could never be in safety where there was a toleration of two religions. For there is no enmity so great as that for religion; and therefore they that differ in the service of their God can never agree in the service of their country.” Timeline February 25, 1571 - Sir William Cecil is created Lord Burghley

1572-1598 William Cecil then served Queen Elizabeth I in the position of Lord Treasurer

He was extremely ambitious to further the career of his intelligent and able son Robert. And Robert was eventually given a position on the Privy Council

Lord Burghley and Sir Francis Walsingham devised an intricate spy network during the latter years of Elizabeth's reign that succeeded in uncovering the Babington Plot of 1586

Lord Burghley and Sir Francis Walsingham were instrumental in convincing Queen Elizabeth to have Mary Queen of Scots executed in 1587

In 1590 Lord Burghley, at the age of 70, lost his hearing but continued to serve Queen Elizabeth who looked upon him as a father figure Death Cecil's aims from the start had been clear and whilst he was on his deathbed, his public goals were realised. The religious settlement was grounded and the threat of Catholic revival had steadily declined.

William Cecil died on the 4th August 1598 at his home in London. His son, Robert, went on to take his place and become Elizabeth I’s principal adviser.
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