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Research Action Plan: Air Quality

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by

Jonathan Wu

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Research Action Plan: Air Quality

By: Jonathan Wu 9XGeo2 Research Action Plan:
Air Quality In Greater Sydney The aims or purpose of this research action plan is to find out the the general health concerns associated with the greater air quality in Sydney, caused by the transport and industrial sectors. Step 1: Identify the aim/purpose of the Investigation 1. Who holds the power in addressing these concerns by the public and changing the policies currently in place?
2. What are the biggest contributors to this problem?
What actions are being undertaken to counter these problems on a local, state and government level.
3. Where are the factors that are causing the greatest concern located?
4. Why are these problems continuing to occur?
5. How is the air quality in Sydney affecting the lives of the residents? Step 2: Generate a number of focus questions to be addressed by this investigation Step 3: Decide which primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus questions For this investigation, I believe that secondary data will be the main form of data that will be received, as it would be difficult to collect data of the air quality of Sydney over such as large span of area. However, it would be possible to note images of large factories in the city producing emissions as well as vehicles releasing toxic fumes into the air.

However, to attain statistical and reliable data, secondary sources from website such as the Australian Air Quality website. Furthermore, several large companies have released reliable reports on the air quality of areas such as Sydney Data will be mainly collected as statistics and reports through the use of official organisation. These sources will be reliable as the experiments have been carried out by official groups. Reports by these groups have provided years of statistics in which trends can be found. These would be useful for my investigation as it provides accurate data. Images can also be used to depict the nature of the problem.

For potential primary sources, photos, photosketchs, and surveys can be used to accurately gain information on public opinion, emphasise various elements of an image or an accurate demonstration of the air pollution being released into the atmosphere Step 4: Identify the techniques that will be used to collect data Air is extremely valuable in our society and even though, it is never fully recognised, as without air in our atmosphere, earth wouldn’t be able to hold life, animals and plants and type of organism would become instantly extinct. However, through the modern use of motor vehicles and industrial sectors, our air is being polluted and damaged creating pollution in our atmosphere through when the air holds gases, dust, fumes, odours or other harmful substances in harmful amounts.

Although the air quality in Sydney is much better than the rest of the world, air pollution affects a large majority of Australians who live in Urban communities. With a large percentage of Australians suffering from respiratory disorders such as asthma, poor air quality can affect health, environment and economy. The government has always been enforcing good air quality with national standards on several pollutants being carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and sulphur dioxide lead and airborne particles.
Pollutants that directly affect our atmosphere are known as primary pollutants, the primary source of air pollution in Sydney. Examples of these include carbon monoxide released by motor vehicles or sulphur dioxide, from burning coal. Other types of pollutants are known as secondary pollutants that perform chemical reactions in the air such as photochemical smog. Step 5 Collect primary and secondary data Collect Primary and Secondary Data - Continued In Sydney, air pollutants mainly occur as a result of gaseous discharges from the industry and motor sectors. This is causing several problems such as depletion of the upper ozone layer, global warming.

However, the 2 main pollution problems that is causing greatest concern in Sydney include the photochemical smog as well as particle pollution. However, air pollution can be measured in different sizes being course, fine and ultra-fine. The fine particles cause the greatest concern to human health as when it is inhaled into the lunges, respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses can occur. This “particle pollution is can be recognised as a brown haze that can be seen in the cooler months of the year. Of this haze, approximately 24% comes from motor pollution. However, there comes a type of pollution that is causing a greater concern than motor cars being the wood heater, with its smoke being the major source of air pollution in Sydney. During winter when these types of eaters are popular, the particle pollution cause by these heaters contributes significantly to the haze. Photochemical smog, a secondary type of air pollution is a whitish haze formed from the action of sunlight on chemical compounds including ozone and oxides of nitrogen. Approximately 80% of these nitrogen oxides are a result of mother cars. However, statistics show that there has been no decrease in these ozone levels suggesting that photochemical smog is still a large issue.
As can be seen from above, motor vehicles have had a large impact on the emissions that they contribute to the air quality of Sydney. Fossil fuel combustion has been recognised as the largest contributor to air pollution in the world. Cars not only produce one type of emission but 2. Exhaust emissions are those that produce the dangerous gases such as carbon monoxide and evaporative emissions with is vapours of fuel being released into the air, unburnt. Collect Primary and Secondary Data - Continued Process and Analyse the data From the nature of this task, I have been able to collect secondary data to answer my focus questions:
1. 1.There a several groups that hold power in the issue of air pollution in different regions of the area. For example, on a government level, the environmental minister holds power over these issues. Other examples of groups with power over these issues include the EPA or the NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change that sets guidelines for different areas.
2.As can been seen from my research the causes towards the largest problems of air pollution including particle pollution and photochemical smog include the industry sector, which directly indicates the burning of coal as well as motor cars and wood fires in the colder seasons.
Several methods have been used to counter these emissions such as the Carbon Tax to encourage reduction of carbon, and several guidelines set by the EPA on a state level. 3. 1.The factors that are causing the greatest concern is ultimately the motor vehicles, woodfires and industrial sectors, producing much of the photochemical smog and particle pollution, releasing dangerous levels of hazardous gases in the air being carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and sulphur dioxide lead and airborne particles.
4. Although the air quality in Sydney is much better than the rest of the world, air pollution affects a large majority of Australians who live in Urban communities. With a large percentage of Australians suffering from respiratory disorders such as asthma, poor air quality can affect health, environment and economy. The government has always been enforcing good air quality with national standards on several pollutants being carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and sulphur dioxide lead and airborne particles. Step 6 Process and Analyse the Data - Continued Step 6 Process and Analyse the Data - Continued I believe that effective method of conveying the data would be to use a prezi or powerpoint, as it provides an innovative and engaging method of convey statistics, data and findings. Step 7 Find an effect method to convey your data The state government is already successfully running a campaign for air quality by running the carbon tax scheme. Through this they are playing an actice role in trying to reduce emissions provided by the major sectors, the industry. However, it would helpful if the government played a more active role in the endorsement of air pollution instead of just imposing another tax. Campaigns and groups should be sponsored so that awareness can be raised. Step 8 Recommendations for local, state and federal government.
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