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Spain Demographics

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by

brianna sanchez

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of Spain Demographics

Spain Demographics

Political History
Established constitution in 1978 as a social and democratic state
2 parties have been predominant since the 1990s: Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) and Peoples Party (PP)
Parliamentary Monarchy
Social Safety Nets
Welfare is closely related to every European state
Social entitlements (education, health, pensions)
22.7% of Spain's GDP goes to social expenditure
Mid-2010 Population
46.56 million
Rate of Natural Increase
2.19
Religious History
No main religion
Most Spaniards don't participate in religious worship
Began with a religious struggle between Catholicism and Islam
Open to all religions, no religious persecution
Economic History
During 15th and 16th century Spain was the dominant power in Europe
Economy began to fall in the 20th century
Tourism started to cause the population to rise again during the 1960s
Still remains to struggle due to industrial competition
Birth Rate
8.90
Total Fertility Rate
1.39
Death Rate
8.98
Immigration Rate
13.8%
Emigration Rate
3.0%
Infant Mortality Rate
2.73
Relationship Between Men and Women
Average Age for Marriage
32 years old
Men: 33.8, Female: 31.7
Average Age for Women Having First Child
29 years old
Environmental State
Focused heavily on protection as in National Parks, Nature Reserves, and Game Reserves
Threats include deforestation, erosion, desertification, and contamination of water
Main Reason People Have Children
No specific reason for having a child in Spain
Religious and Societal Customs for Having a Certain Amount of Children
No customs that limit or encourage an amount of children
Similar to the U.S., women are recently increasing in the job force
Pay is still higher for men but not by a lot
Solutions to Maintain Spain's Population
Create initiatives to keep people from emigration
Increase industrial strength to further strengthen the economy
Equal pay for both women and men, encourage more women to join the workforce
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