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Transport in the UK
Transcript of Transport in the UK
Public attitude towards mobility
British are very enthusiastic about mobility.
Commuters can spend up to 3 hours each day.
Congestion and pollution are very high.
=> High proportion of goods transported by road.
=> The British phenomenon 'Nimbyism'.
RESULT: Britain has fewer kilometres of main road than any other country in northern Europe.
Thanks to 'eco-warriors' the government is now talking about introducing:
=> Taxes on pollution;
=> Discriminating against larger cars;
=> 'Road pricing';
=> Ways to get buses to be faster than cars in the cities.
One matter has already been taken care of, namely the congestion charge.
=> Goal: encourage public transport.
On the road in Britain
Possibility to travel from town to town by either road or railway.
Most successful train is the Inter-City that runs between London and 30 other cities.
=> Quite fast, but cannot be called 'high-speed'.
=> HOWEVER: The pressure of a high-speed train is growing.
Unlike in Belgium, Britain's trains are not run by the state, but by different companies.
=> BUT: The nationalization of the railways is taking baby steps.
The channel tunnel
Air and water
Small, but increasing minority of people travel by air.
=> mostly business people.
International air travel, however, is very important to Britain's economy.
=> It has 4 airports in the worlds top 30:
=> Gatwick Airport;
=> Stansted Airport;
Modern Britain makes little use of its many inland waterways.
=> The last century transport by land has completely taken over.
A few barges still go up and down the Thames through London
=> Only for touristic purposes.
HOWEVER: Its many waterways are becoming increasingly popular for boating holidays.
About 3/4 of households in Britain own a car.
Over 1/3 has more than one car.
The British are very enthusiastic about cars:
=> They project an image of themselves;
=> They provide privacy
=> Less communicative than those of many other countries;
=> More tolerant of other drivers and pedestrians;
=> A little more safety conscious.
Almost the best road safety in Europe:
=> The speed limit is slightly lower than in most countries (70 mph = 112 kmp);
Public transport services in big cities suffer from the private traffic.
=> RESULT: they cannot be as cheap, as frequent or as fast as they otherwise could be.
Talking about speeding up journey times by:
=> Dedicating bus lanes;
=> Reintroducing trams.
Other public transport in the cities:
=> Double-decker buses;
=> The London Underground (tube);
=> London taxis (cabbies);
=> Taxis and minicabs (expensive).
In May 1994, Queen Elizabeth II and French President Mitterand officially opened the tunnel that separates their two countries.
The 'Chunnel' is established between Calais and Folkstone.
The biggest building project of the twentieth century.
=> Several workers were killed during construction.
=> The costs were more than double than first estimated.
At first: people didn't show much enthusiasm for the tunnel.
=> Unnatural to travel under water;
=> Ferry companies made their ships more attractive.
Then: a huge success, but not as big of a success as originally expected.
in towns and cities
between towns and cities