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La Navidad en español
Transcript of La Navidad en español
La lotería nacional
El día de los santos
Los tres reyes magos
El roscón de
"Las posadas" (the inns) is a celebration symbolizing the Biblical journey of Mary and Joseph as they searched for shelter in Bethlehem before the birth of Jesus.
The nine-day celebration lasts from December 16 to Christmas Eve and includes a candle-lit procession of children and parents reenacting Mary and Joseph's journey. They travel from house to house until they reach a designated home where Las Posadas will be celebrated that year.
Una piñata is a five-pointed star-shaped bag filled with sweets, that gets hit with a stick until the sweets fall out. It symbolizes the sinn and the stick used to break it symbolizes God. The person who tries to break it has to cover his eyes with a hankderchief.
Los aguinaldos in Mexico are sweets made of nuts that are given to those taking part in Las posadas. However, in Spain we call aguinaldos to a completely different tradition. Children will go from house to house singing carols and asking for money. No carols... no money!
As in Spain, people in Mexico also eat a special doughnut-shaped cake called Rosca. It is baked with a small doll inside. The person who receives the slice of cake containing the doll must give a feast on February 2nd.
Upon arrival, the hosts or "innkeepers" meet the procession at the door to begin the holiday fiesta with an exchange of lyrics from a tradicional song called "Pidiendo Posada"
Christmas has been celebrated as a holiday in Cuba for only 3 years. Cuba officially became an atheist nation in 1962, but the Christmas holiday was celebrated until 1969, when Fidel Castro decided it was interfering with the sugar harvest. Accordingly, it was dropped from the Cuban calendar of holidays in 1969.In 1997 President Castro restored the holiday to honor the visit of Pope John Paul II.
¡En Sudamérica es verano!
Cuando en Europa es invierno...
Right before midnight, a toast is made to wish "Nochebuena" and the kids are taken for a walk - Chilean parents have the habit of taking the children out for a walk before the arrival of "Viejito Pascuero" and in their return, the toys are already expecting for them under the tree.
Chile's gift-bringer is called Viejo Pascuero, or Old Man Christmas. He strongly resembles Santa Claus and likewise comes drawn by reindeer. However, as chimneys are less than roomy in this warm climate, he contents himself with climbing in a window
In other areas, Viejo Pascuero is seen as a local rancher and is often in the company of a llama.
Since Chile sits in the southern hemisphere, Christmas arrives in the middle of summer. The kids have finished their year of school and enjoy the warmer temperatures and the long summer days. Some families have the tradition of going to the pool or beach on Christmas Day.
Nicaragua: la importancia de los padrinos
In Nicaragua poor children may not receive a gift from their parents but will receive a gift from their godparents even if they are not able to provide a gift for their own children.
Garifuna (an ethnie) perform the John Canoe Dance. There is a king who mimics the arrogant walk of a European slave-owner to make people laugh, a clown, and several boys dressed as pregnant women. Drummers and female singers accompany the dancers, who wear masks with mustaches, costumes, and decorative headdresses as the colonial European masters used to do.
During the month of December they drink iced beverages and stay in air-conditioned spaces to help keep cool. In some homes evergreen trees are decorated with cotton to simulate the snow found on the trees in the forests of the Northern Hemisphere.
Does anyone know why do we hang baubles on Christmas trees?
In Perú Nativity scenes in the form of Retablos are very popular. The main focus is the presepio meaning "the manger" which is accompanied with small figures made to scale. In Spain Nativity scenes are traditional, as well. We call them "belenes". If you look crefuly among the shepherds you are very lickely to find him!!
¡Elige el color de tu ropa interior!
In Colombia, in New Year's Eve, people wear colored underwear. Depending on what their wishes for the New Year are, they will pick up red for love, yellow for luck and green, of course, for money!!
Si quieres viajar el año que viene...
Many people in Colombia take a suitcase or a rucksack just after midnight on New Year's Eve and run around the block. They believe that by doing so they will have more chances to travel next year!