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Copy of "The Most Dangerous Game" Plot Diagram

Plot
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ghalia a

on 26 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of "The Most Dangerous Game" Plot Diagram

"The Heart of Darkness" Plot Diagram
Marlow, Kurtz
Main Characters
Characters map
Both Marlow and Kurtz confront a conflict between their images of themselves as “civilized” Europeans and the temptation to abandon morality completely once they leave the context of European society.
The brutality Marlow witnesses in the Company’s employees, the rumors he hears that Kurtz is a remarkable and humane man, and the numerous examples of Europeans breaking down mentally or physically in the environment of Africa.
As he journeys, Marlow discovers that Kurtz is not very well-liked, though he is universally respected. The manager, his uncle, and the brickmaker all have designs on moving up within the corporate hierarchy of the Company – and Kurtz’s success has put a crimp in their plans.
Marlow faces a number of delays in getting to the interior. He is held at the first station for ten days. Then, at the Central Station he finds his steamboat needs repairs, which takes another three months.
Setting
Conflict
Rising Action
Complications
Exposition
Climax
Falling Action
Denouement
Marlow’s discovery, upon reaching the Inner Station, that Kurtz has completely abandoned European morals and norms of behavior
Marlow’s acceptance of responsibility for Kurtz’s legacy, Marlow’s encounters with Company officials and Kurtz’s family and friends, Marlow’s visit to Kurtz’s Intended
Brussels kind of sucks.
Marlow returns safely to Belgium, only to find that everything is petty and small when compared to the horrors he experienced on the Congo. He is also haunted by Kurtz’s letters, which he left to Marlow. Marlow decides to return the letters to Kurtz’s Intended.
By: Ghaliah Abdullah
Marlow
is amazed by
The Accountant
Wants to impress
Kurtz
is fascinated by
The Maneger
suspects of sabotage
Envies
Despises
The intendant
Pities her Ignorance
is devoted To
The Harlquin
worships like a God
Kurtz
Marlow
The Maneger
Kurtz
Kurtz
Marlow
Kurtz
Time · Latter part of the
nineteenth century, probably sometime between 1876 and 1892

Place · Opens on the Thames River outside London, where Marlow is telling the story that makes up Heart of Darkness. Events of the story take place in Brussels, at the Company’s offices, and in the Congo, then a Belgian territory.
Then, there is the slight problem of Kurtz being utterly mad. He orders the attack on Marlow’s steamboat because he does not want to leave the interior. Marlow finds it difficult to relate to Kurtz in his present state. Also, the native Africans don’t want Kurtz to leave either, which nearly brings the pilgrims and the Africans to violence.
"Heart of Darkness is experience...pushed a little ( and only very little) beyond the actual facts of the case"

Joseph Conrad

inspiration
A novella written in England between 1898 to 1899
Heart of Darkness was inspired by Joseph Conrad's own
personal journey into the Congo in 1890. it had been Conrad's own personal boyhood dream to discover the heart of Africa- now the he had arrived he described what he found as "the vilest scramble for loot that ever disfigured the history of human conscience."

Conrad later added, "all Europe contibuted to the making of Kurtz." The story is central to Conrad's work and vision, and it is difficult not to think of his Congo experiences as traumatic
Publication
Heart of Darkness
was originally serialized in Blackwood's
magazine in 1899, and later published by
J.M. Dent & Sons in 1902 in the volume
Youth : A Narrative

Related Historical Events
The "Scramble of Africa"-battle between
European nations for wealth and power in which countries competed in colonizing Africa.

-only interested in gaining wealth, European Nations didnot care how it was gained, nor who is killed for it

-As many as 6 millions Africans died during the brutal rubber trade, overseen by the Belgians.
Joseph Conrad and the Congo Free State
Joseph Conrad is born to a Polish family in Ukraine.
1857
1865
Conrad's father is exiled for rebelling against the Russians. His family goes with him to Northern Russia.
Joseph Conrad is four years old.
Joseph Conrad's mother dies. Conrad's father begins translating Shakespeare and Victor Hugo for money. Conrad is "homeschooled" by his father.
1861
Conrad's father dies.
Orphaned at age 11, he is sent to live with his uncle.
1869
Conrad hates school, and at age 17 he begins a life at sea
1874
Explorer Henry Morton Stanley reports back to King Leopold II of Belgium after exploring the Congo River
1877
Joseph Conrad arrives in England at age 20. This is his first extensive exposure to the English language.
1878
1879
King Leopold II begins his campaign to control the Congo. Under Leopold's direction, Stanley acquires signed treaties from a large number of the native leaders in the Congo.
"I do not want to risk...losing a fine chance to secure for ourselves a slice of this magnificent African cake."
-King Leopold II
At the Berlin Conference, the Congo Free State is established. The country is under Leopold's personal rule.
1885
Conrad becomes a British citizen
1886
King Leopold's reign of terror begins
1889
Conrad begins his expedition to the Congo Free State as the commander of a steamboat on the Congo River
All of the native Congolese are now directly ruled by Europeans. The native Congolese are forced to collect their daily quotas of rubber or risk being whipped, having their hands cut off, or having their families kidnapped.
Soldiers collect the severed hands as "tokens" to prove how many Congolese they have punished.
The native population will dwindle from 20 million people to 8 million people.
Joseph Conrad publishes Heart of Darkness
1902
1908
Control of the Congo Free State is transferred from King Leopold II to the Belgian government. The colony is now named the Belgian Congo.
The Congo River
"The edge of a colossal jungle, so dark green as to be almost black, fringed with white surf, ran straight like a ruled line, far, far away (20)."
surrounded by green vegetation and thick forests
Windy and curves like a snake
"Paths, paths, everywhere, a stamped-in network of paths spreading over the empty land, through long grass, through burnt grass, through thickets, down and up chill ravines, up and down stony hills ablaze with heat; and a solitude, a solitude, nobody, not a hut (29)."
“But there was in it one river especially, a mighty big river, that you could see on the map, resembling an immense snake uncoiled, with its head in the sea, its body at rest curving afar over a vast country, and its tail lost in the depth of the land (15).”
"The sea-reach of the Thames stretched before us like the beginning of an interminable waterway (Pg.1)."
The ninth longest river in the world (2920 miles)
Served as the main water source for the native people

There are two narrators: an anonymous passenger on a pleasure ship, who listens to Marlow’s story, and Marlow himself, a middle-aged ship’s captain.
Narrator
The story within a story starts from the first person view of the anonymous narrator. However the narrator then narrates Marlow's narration of his travels. This lets Marlow express his own feelings and it also shows the narrator's (general European's) thoughts on the events.
Point of view
Joseph Conrad expresses his views on European hypocrisy in the Heart of Darkness. The reader is shown the horrors of exploitation and encroachment against the African natives. The novel also analyzes the psychological effects on the pawns of the European empires as they were sent endlessly into the Congo. Conrad's experience in the Congo is evident in the vividness of his story, this made it much easier to understand emotionally and leaves the reader with a similar sense of resentment for exploitation of people.
Significance
Style:
Dark Reminiscence


descriptive and slightly higher than the average vocabulary to show that the main character Marlow comes from an educated background. “vision of greyness,” “evanescence of all things,” “gratified and monstrous passions,” and “savage and superb, wild-eyed and magnificent”




The use of detail, in the form of specific comings and goings, is used sparsely in Conrad’s narrative. Instead, he uses imagery to show recollection of events, as if the story was being spoken from memory, using the mind’s eye. This accounts for the lack of concrete detail and the quickly changing scenes, with some gaps in continuity from image to image.
Diction
Imagery


paint a picture of the surroundings, particularly the environment, people, and their possessions. “ - and there it was, black, dried, sunken, with closed eyelids – a head that seemed to sleep at the top of that pole, and with shrunken dry lips showing a narrow white line of the teeth, was smiling…”
from memory.
Details
The type of language he uses to contain these slightly elevated descriptions is a conversational with an air of informality. Conrad’s use of descriptive words and conversational language contributes to the style by creating the feeling that the reader is listening to events recalled and vividly described by a story teller.
Language

Conrad’s sentence structure consists of very long descriptive sentences. His sentences often contain two or more subordinate clauses. This type of rambling sentence is again contributing to the telling of an event told from memory.
Syntax
Theme:
The corruption of man by imperialism
The Europeans go to colonize the new area with goals of trade and civilization.
Examples:
The man who "improved" the road by shooting a native
The natives who were carrying items under the command of a white man
Blaming a negro for starting the fire and beating him as punishment
He was depicted as great man, but undergoes changes caused by own goals.
Mr. Kurtz is haunted by the things he has seen and experienced. These
cause him to stay, as he now has everything he wants.
Mr. Kurtz turns from a grand man to a "pitiful Jupiter".
Mr. Kurtz is the vivid and real symbol of the corruption that man undergoes
Sometimes the people trying to fix something are the real problem.

This theme is seen throughout the story as the Europeans are adamant about "fixing" the African "brutes" when really they're the ones mindlessly slaughtering the natives and stealing everything they own.
Overall this novel was a work of art that truly explained an era that too many people remained insignificant or remained completely oblivious of. In this novel Joseph Conrad was able to successfully show the many cruelties and wrongdoings that were happening during this time. Yet, he was able to highlight the most important part, which was how imperialism not only affected the natives of the country that was to be invaded, but also the imperialists. He was able to portray this theme of corruption by imperialism by the character named Marlow, which was done by the entire story being a memory of Marlow’s.
Overall this novel was not only a masterpiece in its time but in contemporary society as well, due to the lessons that it teaches us about foreign relations and diplomacy. While it also teaches us about the human mind and how it can easily be corrupted.
Also the author was able to perfectly depict this type of writing and story by writing in the style of Dark Reminiscence . Through this style, he was as well able to represent the different types of characters perfectly, by using elevated diction imagery and language.
Conclusion:
Some of "Heart of Darkness"Quotes
“We live as we dream--alone....”
“The mind of man is
capable of anything.”
“Your strength is just an accident owed to the weakness of others.”
Some of "Conrad's"Quotes
Gossip is what no one claims to like, but everybody enjoys.
Being a woman is a terribly difficult task, since it consists principally in dealing with men.


Going home must be like going to render an account.


Heart of Darkness
Heart of Darkness
Joseph Conrad
Hamlet
William Shakespeare
Heart of Darkness relates to Hamlet in many ways, one of which is the ability to act. Hamlet is unable to act and avenge his fathers death. He admires Fortinbras for being able to act and coming to fight for land. Marlow is very similar in that he can not find words that he could utter upon his deathbed. Marlow, like Hamlet, admires Kurtz for being able to speak on his death bed, in which he said "the horror! the horror!"
A Streetcar Named Desire
William Tennessee
The characters of both works are influenced by surrounding factors and lie to keep a positive reputation. Branche lies about her reasoning for leaving her hometown in order to keep her sister impressed. On the other hand, Marlow lies to the Intended about Kurtz's last words to keep his notable reputation.
The Ones Who Walk
Away from Omelas
Ursula K. LeGuin
In LeGuin's short story, the people in the small town of Omelas hide a dark secret under the exterior of happiness and peace they put off to the world. They sacrifice a child, keeping it in an eternally dark closet where it sits in its own filth, huddling in a corner all for the benefit of the townspeople. This is similar to what the Europeans are doing to the people in the Congo. They exploit and force the Africans into labor for their own benefit, leaving them weak, starving, and dying.
Wuthering
Heights
Emily Bronte
Heart of Darkness and Wuthering Heights both contain the theme of fascination with the abomination. In Wuthering Heights, Catherine Earnshaw is torn between Heathcliff and Edgar Linton. Though married to Edgar, she is still longs to be with Heathcliff. In Heart of Darkness, Marlow wants to be disgusted by the truths behind Kurtz and his character, but he can't help but commend him on his success and be fascinated about who he truly is.
A Good Man is Hard to Find
Flannery O'Conner
In "A Good Man is Hard to Find," it said in the retaurant that there are very few good men left in the world, and it is hard to find one. This idea can be seen in Heart of Darkness. It is hard to find a good man, because the darkness lies in the human heart. AS the story expresses, there are no truly good people in the world. All men are either hypocrites, or just outright cruel, while women are blinded by allusion. Heart of Darkness expresses the idea that there are no good men.
Hamlet
William Shakespeare
Another way this relates to Hamlet is the comment on the frailty of woman. Hamlet comments that women are frail and hypocrites, hiding behind make up. Conrad expresses that women are so weak they must live in their own world, in allusions, so that they are protected from the darkness and the truth behind the hypocrisy of man.
Night
Eli Wiesel
The story can connect to Night. Night is true autobiography about a boy who survived the Holocaust. Often, the treatment of African natives during imperialism has been called the African Holocaust.
Web of Connections
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