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The House on Mango Street

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Casey York

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of The House on Mango Street

The House on Mango Street
By Sandra Cisneros
Day 1: "THoMS" - "My Name"
Warm up: On your paper write the nouns and pronouns in the following sentences:

We didn't always live on Mango Street. Before that we lived on Loomis on the third floor, and before that we lived on Keeler.
Mini-lesson: Simile & Metaphor
Review: Nouns & Pronouns
On your paper write the following and fill in the blanks:
1. A noun is a
, or
. An example of a noun is a/an

2. A pronoun
a noun. For example, instead of saying Mr. York is a teacher, I can say
is a teacher. Another example is instead of saying "My family likes to go hiking," I can say "
like to go hiking."

3. What are some other examples of pronouns?
Similes and Metaphors make comparisons
The comparisons made are not always obvious, which can sometimes make them difficult to fully understand.
Video activity: I'll stop the video after each song excerpt to ask if it is a simile or metaphor, and we'll have a quick class discussion on what exactly each example of figurative language means.
During this unit you will be expected to identify and explain figurative language (similes and metaphors) in THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET both individually and in groups. You will also create your own examples.
Quick Write: Create a simile or metaphor about yourself. Then, identify it as a simile or metaphor. Finally, explain its meaning. Your paper should look like this:

1. (Write your simile or metaphor here)
2. This is an example of a ________________.
3. My simile/metaphor means _____________________.
We will read the first four chapters of THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET together.
After reading you will identify and explain three examples of figurative language, so keep an eye out for those while we read.
After Reading
1. List three examples of figurative language
2. For each, say if it is a simile or metaphor
3. Explain the meaning of each
Homework (must be 100% done)
Write two metaphors and two similes that describe your family members and/or friends.
Explain each example's meaning.
One simile should use "like" (My girlfriend's eyes are like emeralds), and one should use "as" (My roommate is as lazy as a panda bear).
Then write two metaphors.

In 2-3 sentences, provide your thoughts on the opening four vignettes in THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET. And be insightful, don't just say something lame like "It's okay," or "I liked it." Explain WHY.
Day 2: "Cathy Queen of Cats" - "Louie, His Cousin..."
Warm up
On your paper identify the nouns and pronouns in the following sentences.

You want a friend, she says. Okay, I'll be your friend. But only until next Tuesday. That's when we move away.
Homework Review
Share examples of your figurative language with several people sitting near you. If you did not do your homework, then take the time to do it now and then show it to me for partial credit.
Quick Write: Create a few sentences in which you describe how your family behaves at an event. This even can be anything (a movie, sporting event, dinner, etc.). After writing, underline your nouns once and your pronouns twice. You must use at least two pronouns! Then share w/a friend.
Mini-Lesson: Point of View
Point of view (POV) is the perspective from which a story is told.
Quick Write: From what perspective is THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET told? How do you know?
What are some potential problems with this type of narration?
While we read today, notice Esperanza's narration style in the 1st person POV.
Try to identify examples of subjective narration that force us, the readers, to infer deeper meaning.
After Reading
With a partner, review "Cathy Queen of Cats" and identify an example of Esperanza possibly not fully understanding something. Write the example and then explain the full meaning.
Now, review "Louie, His Cousin..." again. Identify the deeper meaning of what is really happening here.
Finally, write a paragraph from the 3rd person omniscient POV that fully explains what is happening. (For example, "Esperanza at first is not sure that Louie's cousin stole the Cadillac..."
Explain if the following passage is first person POV, third person limited, or third person omniscient. Tell which type and how you know:
"His day started out like any other day. He ate breakfast and brushed his teeth. He walked the dog. He read the paper. But what he didn't know was that his neighbor was plotting a murder, full of vengeance and blood.
Day 3: "Marin" - "Chanclas"
Warm up
Identify the adjectives in the following sentences, and also tell the word each is describing:
His feet were fat and doughy like thick tamales, and these he powdered and stuffed into white socks and brown leather shoes.
Review: Adjectives
Write the following on your paper and fill in the blanks:
Adjectives describe

An example of an adjective is

List the adjectives in the following sentence:

The baby's feet had ten tiny toes, pale and see-through like a salamander's, and these he popped into his mouth whenever he was hungry.
Now, write a sentence on your paper about your favorite food and use at least

in the sentence.
1. What is a noun?
2. Give an example.
3. What is a pronoun?
4. Give an example.
5. What is a simile?
6. Give an example.
7. What is a metaphor?
8. Give an example.
Mini-Lesson: Symbols
A symbol is something that represents, or stands for, more than just itself.
In literature writers use symbols to express deep meaning without saying something directly. Symbols are another type of figurative language.
For example, what does
this symbol represent?
What are some other symbols that you see in your life? What do they stand for? List three.
While we read, try to keep an eye out for any symbolism in the chapters. What object(s) might stand for more than themselves?
After Reading
With a partner, reread "The Family of Little Feet" and "Chanclas." Focus on the shoes in each chapter.
Explain to the best of your ability what you believe the shoes symbolize.
Write your idea and be sure to explain why you say that. Consider the deeper meaning.
Think about what we have read so far. List and explain at least one other symbol in the text. What is it and what does it mean? I DON'T KNOW IS NOT AN ANSWER. You must provide something, even if you are just guessing. Hey thanks!
Day 4: "Hips" - "Sire"
Warm up
Identify the adjectives in the following sentence
I thought I'd find an easy job, the kind other kids had, working in the dime store or maybe a hotdog stand.
Review: Verbs
Write the following on your paper and fill in the blanks.
There are three types of verbs: _____, _____, and _____.
verbs express an action.

verbs connect the subject to the predicate.
verbs help make verb phrases.
Auxiliary = Helping
Tonight create a symbol that represents you. You may draw it by hand or use a computer to create it. Then, write a short explanation of why this symbol is a representation of yourself.
Common Linking Verbs
Forms of "to be"


The Redskins beat the Cowboys last year in week 17.
What is the verb?
Is it action or linking? Why?
The Redskins are Mr. York's favorite football team.
What is the verb?
Is it action or linking? Why?
Your Turn
1. Write one sentence with an action verb. Then underline the verb.
2. Then write another sentence using a linking verb (remember forms of "to be"). Then underline the verb.
Auxiliary/Helping Verbs
Auxiliary verbs help make verb phrases (this is why we call them helping verbs or auxiliary verbs)
Auxiliary (or helping) verbs can be tricky because they use the same words as other kinds of verbs.
The Redskins are Mr. York's favorite team.
What is the verb? Action, linking, or helping? Why?
The Redskins are losing some fans because of their name.
What is the verb? Action, linking, or helping? Why?
Tip: Think of linking verbs like an = sign
Mr. York is the best teacher ever!
Your Turn
1. Write a sentence using an action verb.
2. Then write the same sentence but use a helping verb and an action verb.
3. Explain what you notice about the second sentence. What changed?
Mini-Lesson: Tone
Tone is the author's attitude
An author's word choice helps us understand tone
We use


to describe tone in literature
Let's look at some music lyrics to get an idea of some examples of tone
As we read think about the tone of each chapter. Are any similar? Does the tone change at all? We will come back to this after we finish reading.
After Reading
Identify the tone of the following chapters:
2. Papa Who Wakes Up Tired in the Dark
3. Elenita, Cards, Palm, Water
4. The First Job (There are 2 tones here, list them both)
For each, write two sentences that help show that tone. So if the tone is sad, write two sentences from that chapter that are sad.
1. Identify the helping verb and the action verb in the following sentence:
I was born on an evil day.
2. Identify the linking verb in the following sentence:
Her name was Guadalupe.
1. Helping verb:
Action verb:

2. Linking verb:
Day 5: "Four Skinny Trees" - A Smart Cookie"
Warm up
Identify the verbs in the following sentences. For each, tell if it is action, linking, or helping.
Students in Mr. York's class read daily. This is a skill that they will need for life. Reading is fundamental.
1. Find the nouns:
Sally is the girl with eyes like Egypt and nylons the color of smoke.
2. Find the pronouns:
They are very strict in his religion.
3. Find the adjectives:
In the movies there is always one with red lips who is beautiful and cruel.
1. What is point of view?
2. What are the types?
3. What is symbolism?
4. Give an example.
5. What is tone?
6. What type of words do we use to describe tone?
Review: Adverbs
Adverbs describe _______, ____________, and other _________.
Adverbs often end in -ly, but not always.
Adverbs tell us where, when, and how.
To find adverbs, first locate the verb(s) in the sentence. Then see if anything is describing that verb.
For example:
Floorboards will squeak upstairs.
What is the verb?
What kind of verb is it?
What word is describing the verb?
Which question does it answer?
More Practice: Adverbs
Locate the adverb(s) in each sentence and tell if it answers where, when, or how.
1. Esperanza walked quickly after Nenny.
2. Rafaela drinks coconut juice slowly and often.
3. Bums might live very peacefully upstairs in Esperanza's house.
Your turn
Write a sentence about something you like to do and be sure to use at least two adverbs in your sentence. Underline your adjectives.
Then explain if each tells when, where, or how.
Mini-Lesson: Motif
A motif is a recurring element in a story that has some significance.
Basically, it is something that keeps showing up for some reason. Authors use motifs to help create themes, which we will discuss next time.
Identify at least 2 motifs in the following video:
What are some motifs that have been present in THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET so far?
While Reading
Think about motifs we have already seen in the book so far. Do any of these come up again in our chapters today? Do you see any new motifs?
Write two sentences about the reading today. It can be anything you want. Underline your main verbs once and any helping verbs twice. Circle your adjectives.
Day 6: "What Sally Said" - "Mango Says..."
Warm up
Identify the verbs in the sentences. Then list any adverbs describing those verbs.
1. Dead cars appeared overnight like mushrooms.
2. We made a clubhouse once on the back of that old pickup.
3. One day I will go away.
Identify the nouns:
One day I will pack my bags of books and paper.
Identify the pronouns:
I am too strong for it to keep me here forever.
Identify the adjectives:
I make a story for my life, for each brown step my shoe takes.
More Review
Identify the verbs:
You live right here, Alicia says.
You are Mango Street.
Identify the adverbs:
I got up to join Lucy and Rachel who were already outside waiting.
Mini-Lesson: Theme
Themes are main ideas or messages
Themes are not stated directly (we have to infer to determine themes)
Themes are universal (they can apply to more than just that story or book)
Books/stories often have more than one theme.
Watch the following video and think about the theme(s) that are developed
Themes are expressed as a full sentence
While finishing the rest of the book, think about themes that have been present. After, we will finish the handout on motifs and see how the motifs help create themes.
1. Read the short story
2. Write a theme of the story
3. Underline or highlight at least 3 sentences from the story that helped you identify the theme that you wrote down.
Write three sentences that explain your feelings on THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET. Underline your nouns and circle your verbs.
Similes use "like" or "as" to make the comparisons.
Metaphors do NOT use like or as.
Example: My girlfriend's eyes are like stars in the sky.
What is being compared to what?
Example: Big Freedia's music is energy.
What is being compared to what?
Not every sentence that uses "like" or "as" is a simile.
I like to play football.
Lightning Round!
1. What is a simile?
2. Give an example.
3. What is a metaphor?
4. Give an example.
5. What is the difference between figurative language and literal language?
Full transcript