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Transcript of Italy
- Italian government is a republic, so Italy has a
President. His name is Giorgio Napolitano. The
Prime Minister of Italy is Enrico Letta.
- Italian inhabitant number is 59 685 227, and in
Finland it is 5 450 614. So in Italy there is much
more population than in Finland.
- Italy has only one main language, and it is
- The most popular religion in Italy is Christianity.
- The currency of Italy is Euro.
- Italians drive on the right.
- The capital city of Italy is Rome.
- The national song of Italy is Fratelli d'Italia.
Italy is located in the Southern part of Europe. Highest point in the Italy is Monte Rosa which is 4634 meters high. Italian Alps are located in the Northern part of Italy. They rise to 3500 meters. The Italian Apennines are located in the East Coast. They rise to 1800 meters. Heavy rainfalls are common up in the mountains. In Italy there are many islands including Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, Cabri, Ischia, Panteleria and Aeolian Islands. Italy can be divided into three parts. (Southern slopes of the Alps, the flat Po Valley and the mountainous subcontinent and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia). Each of them has different forms of terrain and climate. Europe's highest volcano Etna (3350 meters) is located on the Sicily island. It is a stratovolcano, and the last time it has erupted was in 2013. Vesuvius island is located in the Southern part of Italy and it is 1281 meters high. It is a stratovolcano, and the last time it erupted was 1944.
Italy is a peninsula, which means that it is surrounded by the sea on all sides apart from one. And because of that, Italy has thousands of kilometers of coastline. The Po River is the longest river in Italy. It is a river that runs 652 kilometers eastward across Northern Italy, from Monviso to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. The Tiber River runs through the city of Rome. Northern Italy has some of the biggest lakes in Italy, such as Lake Garda, Lake Como, Lake Maggiore and Lake Iseo.
Italian Alps in summer
Italian Alps in Winter
Italian Apennines in Summer
Italian Apennines in Winter
Italian Alps in winter
Italian Apennines in summer
Italian Apennines in winter
Italy surrounded by the sea
Po River in the Italy map
Tiber River in the Italy map
Lake Garda, Lake Como,
Lake Maggiore and Lake Iseo
in the Italy map
The area of Italy is 301 338 km2, and the
area of Finland is 338 435 km2. So
Finland is a little bit bigger than Italy.
Between north and south there can be a considerable difference in temperature, above all during the winter. In some winter days it can be -2°C and snowing in Lombardy, while it is 8°C in Lazio and 20°C in Sicily. Temperature differences are less extreme in the summer. The east coast of the Italian peninsula is not as wet as the west coast, but is usually colder in the winter. Summer temperatures are often the same from north to south. July temperatures are usually between 22°C and 24°C. The coldest month is January. Winter morning lows can occasionally reach from -30°C to -20°C in the Alps.
Italy has one of the highest levels of faunal biodiversity in Europe. There is recorded over 57 000 species in Italy. 86% of the Italian fauna is land-based, and 14% is aquatic. Insects represent about two thirds of all of Italy's fauna. Italian fauna includes 4777 endemic animal species. There are 102 mammals including the smallest mammal in the world (Etruscan Shrew). Italy has recorded 516 bird species. Italian fauna includes 56 213 species of invertebrates. There are hundreds of marine animals, and if you go boating you can see dolphins, and also fishes, snakes and jellyfishes.
The flora of Italy is the richest in Europe. 6759 species are recorded in Italy. About 700 of them are endemic to the country. Because of the differences in the climate between the mainland and the peninsular regions, there are also different vegetations. The altitude plays a big role in the diversity of the flora. The higher it gets, the harder it is for the plants to grow and flourish. There are three different types of vegetation. First is Evergreen vegetation, which is the Mediterranean type of vegetation with plants and bushes that always have leaves on. The most common plants are olives, oaks and junipers. Second is Broad-leaved vegetation which is typical for the mountain region with a humid climate. Third (and the last) is coniferous vegetation. It is an evergreen vegetation typical for the alpine area.
Lombardy (north) in summer
Lombardy (north) in winter
Sicily (south) in summer
Sicily (south) in winter
Alpine flora in Italy
Etruscan Shrew (smallest mammal in the world)
Most prominent export products and industries
Italian economy is the third largest in the Euro zone after Germany and France. In Italy there are oil-, natural gas-, iron ore-, coal-, mercury-, sulfur-, salt- and marbledeposits. There are only few natural resources. Industrial centers are located in the northern part of Italy because of good marketing contacts. Most important export products are engineering products: textiles, clothing, production machines, motor vehicles, transportation, chemicals, food, beverages, tobacco, minerals and non-ferrous metals. The most important export countries are Germany, France, Spain, USA, Great Britain and Switzerland.
Human Development Index (HDI)
Italy's Human Development Index is 0.847, and it is very high. Italy ranks 24th in the world. Finland's Human Development Index is 0.882, which is also very high. Finland's ranking is a bit better than Italians as it ranks 22nd in the world.
Sights in Italy
- Canals of Venice
- Santa Maria del Fiore
- Pisa Tower
Canals of Venice
Santa Maria del Fiore