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The Articles of Confederation

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Russell Atwood

on 25 November 2014

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Transcript of The Articles of Confederation

The Articles of Confederation
The Confederation Congress
This was a group that created all of the individual constitutions for each state and the Articles of Confederation, but were given no authority over the individual states because of the Articles of Confederation
Each state received equal voting rights from this and an approval of 9 states was needed to pass a law, but there had to be an approval of all 13 states to amend a law
One important law was that each state had the right to tax
The Confederation of Congress (Continued)
More laws that they created were that Congress had the right to raise money by asking states for money by borrowing money or selling western lands
They also had the right to manage Native American affairs and also declare war or peace
There were also no federal courts and no president. Disputes between states were heard only by Congress
The Articles of Confederation
Articles of Confederation (Continued)
The Northwest Ordinance
Problems Within the Articles of Confederation
More Problems with the Articles of Confederation
The Struggle of Competing With Britain
The Struggle of Competing With Great Britain (Continued)
Problems with Spain
Problems With Spain (Continued)
Shays's Rebellion
Shays's Rebellion (Continued)
Illustration 1
Illustration 2
Accepting a Central Government
The Second Continental Congress continued to meet with each other until 1781, which was when it was replaced by the Confederation Congress
They then came up with the Articles of Confederation, but would not go into effect until all of the states had ratified the constitution
This organized the government around a weak legislative body known as the Confederation Congress
Congress created plans for the future of the Northwest Territory, which were lands that were north of the Ohio River
Congress successfully passed the Land Ordinance, which surveyed the land and divided it into 36 square mile townships, where each township was land that could be bought. One plot of land in each township was set aside for a school to be built
Congress could then collect revenue from this for families ad individuals to operate farms on their own
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 created a process to create new states. To do this, it depended on outlawing slavery, establishing public education, respecting the fellow Native Americans, and implementing a bill of rights
In order for this to occur, the Northwest Territory was divided into districts, and when the state population reached 5,000, the state was drafted a state constitution
Other things in the Northwest Ordinance included that if the population had reached 60,000, free males that lived there could request statehood, but only if it included a bill of rights
Slavery was also prohibited throughout the Northwest Territory. Citizens in new states were also granted the same rights as people in other states
It also stated that Native American lands could not be taken without their consent
Creating the State Constitutions
One problem was that Congress was allowed to coin money from other states , but each state could also develop their own currency. There were also arguments about the value of their money
Congress also did not have the power to regulate trade with other states, and each state had to regulate their own trade laws
States also imposed their own import taxes on goods brought in for sale
By Russell Atwood and Cole Caster
There were some states that had laws of importing goods in certain ports, and states were in competition with both foreign countries and each other
Other more basic problems with the Articles of Confederation included that the government could not impose or collect taxes. Congress also sent bills to the states which they did not read and had the government with nothing to do about it
A two-thirds majority vote, (9 states) was needed to pass a law, but if nine states agreed on a solution, Congress was unable to solve any problems
The colonists realized that they were much closer together in the colonies than under the power of Great Britian where they had a large amount of power
Each state was instructed to create its own constitution. Each state's were alike in several ways
They limited the power of the government and increased citizens' rights

In the Treaty of Paris, Britain had agreed to remove its army base out of the Northwest Territory, but now was refusing to do so. However, the U.S. was unable to move them out of the Northwest Territory in which Britain remained in the Northwest Territory
When the colonists were still with Britain, colonists were forced to pay taxes for Britain, but they enjoyed protection of U.S. business interests around the world. When they were with Great Britain, their ships were also protected by them on their trips to Europe, but since they are no longer with them, they are no longer protected by them
Tariffs were raised on British goods in the United States, which caused business owners to raise the prices of their goods and decreased America's buying power
The economy of the United States was destroyed after the Revolutionary War and U.S. exports declined. Great Britain also restricted their imports that came from the United States and also forbade the Caribbean sugar colonies to trade with the United States
The British also were loaded with several goods that were better quality and cheaper than the United States' goods
In the Treaty of Paris, the U.S. got land west to the Ohio River, and South to Florida, which gave Spain Florida and New Spain, which were lands west of the Mississippi River
Since they had this land, they would not recognize U.S. claims and cut off U.S. merchants and farmers from using the Mississippi for commerce which forced farmers to send their crops across the mountains to eastern markets
Congress was unable to address these issues with the farmers, but farmers up north were attempting to make a deal with the Spanish which was that they would give up the ability to use the Mississippi if only they got something in return
However, westerners and southerners wanted to have access to the Mississippi, which made the Confederation Congress unable to negotiate and unable to call an army, which required 9 states agreement
Daniel Shays, who was a Revolutionary War veteran, raised a militia to fight the foreclosure courts, and their were between 700 and 2,000 people in the rebellion. The rebellion shocked the Massachusetts court, and shut them down
Then they went on a mission to capture a federal arsenal in Springfield, Massachusetts to capture a federal arsenal, in which the state militia was called to, killing 4 rebels and capturing 150 with Shays escaping to Vermont
Shays's Rebellion however was a problem for the U.S. It wasn't Shays's followers that were desperate, but many people were suffering from high debt from the war which caused a currency shortage that increased the value of money
Many went bankrupt and lost their farms, homes, and livelihoods. The government was also unable to pay its own debts which made people need an effective solution for the economic and political issues
When the Articles of Confederation were created, they were made weak to prevent abuse of central power. Then the rebellion realized that the U.S. was failing its people and had no money or power and had a government barely able to survive
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