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GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES

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by

Margarita Chung

on 27 October 2013

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Transcript of GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES

Detail 1
Use of -ing form

GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
Topic
Detail 4
GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
AS A NOUN
:
When the verb is the S or the O of the sentence.

Examples:
• Reading
helps you learn English
.
SUBJECT OF SENTENCE

Her favorite hobby is
reading.
COMPLEMENT OF SENTENCE
• I enjoy reading.
OBJECT OF SENTENCE

After certain verbs
:
avoid, begin, continue, hate, imagine,
keep, like, love, prefer, practice, recommend, remember, start. stop, suggest, enjoy,finish.
..
Ex: Viviana
enjoys

acting
on theater plays.
Ernesto
likes

dancing
peruvian music.
Use of to-infinitives
After all prepositions and phrases
that end with prepositions:
interested in,
good at, bored with, fed up with, tired of
...
Ex: Fabricio is really
good at

playing
the guitar.
Lionel is
tired of
being
late every day.
Songs with gerunds and infinitives
After certain expressions :
mind, can't stand, it's no good, it's not worth, there's no point, it's a waste of time, spend time
...
Ex: Andrea doesn't
mind

working
in Antigona.
It's a
waste of time

driving
in Lima at the rush hour.
After verbs of perception :
see, hear, taste
...
After :
spend, waste of time
Ex: Teacher Guillermo
saw
him
running
from the History class.
Diego
heard
them
arguing
downstairs.
Ex: Hugo
spent
hours
doing
his homework every day.
Many students
waste time

surfing
on the Internet.
After certain verbs :
advise, agree, allow, appear, ask, begin, choose, decide, like, expect force, forget, promise, start, stop, want...
Ex: Rubén and Luis
agreed

to study
more this term.
After adjectives that describe feelings :
happy, sorry, pleased
...
Ex: Marcela is
happy

to help
children.
After adjectives that describe action or activity :
difficult, easy, hard, impossible, interesting...
Ex: This book is
easy

to read
.
After certain verbs and phrases:
agree, afford, appear, arrange, ask, choose, decide, expect, fail, help, learn, offer, plan, prepare, promise, want, wish, would love, would prefer...
Ex: She
would prefer

to go
with her best friend to the party.
Using -ing forms or infinitives completely changes the meaning of some verbs:
mean, stop, try, remember, forget
Ex: He
stopped

drinking
alcohol. (He was drinking and then he stopped.)
He
stopped

to drink
alcohol. (He stopped what he was doing in order to drink.)
We can use -ing forms or infinitives without changing the meaning after some verbs :
begin, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, start...
Ex: I
love

going
to parties.
I
love

to go
to parties.
Infinitive without to : after
let
and
make
.
Ex: Valeria
let
Marcelo
use
her markers.
Full transcript