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Nutrition Needs: Adolescents

Sci220 Wk 5

Julianna Rocha

on 24 July 2013

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Transcript of Nutrition Needs: Adolescents

Nutritional Needs: Adolescents

Nutritional Needs: Adolescents
Julianna Rocha, Keri Mensior, Marisha Lewis
SCI 220
July 23, 2012
Jessica Wilkinson

During adolesence, a peroid of turbulent sexual and social tensions, teenagers seek and are often expected to establish, seperate and live independant lives. As they react intesly to others, and often times they do not think of long term benefits of good health. We will be discussing the nutritional needs of Adolesences.
What are the Nutritional Needs

Nutritional needs for adolescents are similar to those of adults....
Proportions of cal
from carbs, fats,
protiens are more
similar to adults,
but total amount
of energy surpasses
that of an adult
because adolescents are usually more active
Vitamins also rise to adult levels, B vitamin needs increase because its involvement in metabolism
Iron needs rise because use to synthesize hemoglobin
Calcium needs increase due to growth spurts
Needs are Different Because......

Total nutrient needs are higher during adolescence than any other time in life cycle
Needs between males and females are similar before puberty, after gender specific needs emerge
Bodys rapid growth and maturity
requre more energy than any
other stage in life cycle
Failure to consume adequate diet
during adolescence can result in
delayed sexual maturation and
arrest or slow linear growth
Human growth can cease during
adolescent years or short after

Adolescence Nutrition and Preventing Future Disease
Helps Prevent
Helps Reduce
High Cholesterol
High Blood Pressure

Specific Types of Cancer
Cardiovascular Disease
Iron Deficiency
Dental Health Issues

Nutrition’s Role in Growth, Development and Learning
Poor Nutrition = Poor School Performance

Energy Imbalance – Fatigue
Higher Risk of Illness/Absences
Intellectual/Cognitive Development
Self-Esteem Issues (Obesity)

Current Nutritional Issues
Adolescent Obesity
In recent years, more than 1/3 of children & adolescents are overweight or obese.
Higher Risk Factors – Prediabetes, Bone & Joint Problems, social issues and sleep apnea

Percentage of high school students who were obese* — selected U.S. states, Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 201

(Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013)
(Medline Plus, National Institutes of Health, 2013)
(Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013)
How does fitness affect the health of this Group? Is this relationship between fitness and health different from other Age Groups? Explain…
Fitness Affect the Health:
Activities should include…
Aerobic Activity…
Muscle Strengthening…
Bone Strengthening…
Activity of their Personal Choice… (Tennis, Basketball, Baseball, Dance etc...)

NOTE: Improper eating habits along with incorrect physical activities can affect the health of adolescents in different ways and lead to:

Differs from Other Ages:
Adolescents fitness and health is different from the Older Age group because.
Physical activity for adolescents is more…

Guidelines Recommended to Adolescents for Achieving/Maintaining Physical Fitness.
Adolescents should exercise daily about 60 min. a day preferably each day of the week.
Manage body weight so that weight loss/maintaining weight is continued in Adulthood.
Achieving physical fitness and greater health benefits for adolescents recommended can be obtained by engaging in physical activity of more vigorous intensity or longer duration.
To help manage body weight and prevent gradual, unhealthy body weight gain in adulthood: recommend managing body weight by eating the foods that involve each area of the pyramid plate.
Achieve physical fitness by including cardiovascular conditioning, stretching exercises for flexibility, and resistance exercises or calisthenics for muscle strength and endurance.
Keep total fat intake between 25% and 35% of calorie intake for adolescents 13 to 18 years of age, so that adolescents can maintain being healthy and having good physical fitness.
Encourage adolescents to continue P.E. activities just as often as they did in elementary and junior high so that they do not loose the esteem, ability, and encouragement, as they grow in order to maintain physical needs for their types of bodies. (genes, health issues, lifestyles etc…)

(How much physical fitness adolescents need?)…
(Boyle, S. E., Jones, G. L., & Walters, S. J)
(National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention)
(Wardlaw, G. M., & Smith, A. M)
What is the long-term outlook for this group for adolescents in terms of longevity and quality of life?...
Provide adolescents with an appropriate, but not unlimited, degree of…
Adolescents should consume…. (to add to the longevity of their life).
Long-Term Outlook can go end up going either way for adolescents in their future (quality of life):

Important Reminders (to increase longevity for adolescents):
Encourage physical activity…
Encourage regular…
Recommend school and community programs…

(National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention)
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention, and Health Promotion, & Centers for Disease Control, and Prevention. (1997). Guidelines for school and community programs to promote lifelong physical
activity among young people. The Journal of School Health, 67(6), 202-219. Retrieved from
Wardlaw, G. M., & Smith, A. M. (2011). Contemporary nutrition(8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.pgs#57,58.
Boyle, S. E., Jones, G. L., & Walters, S. J. (2010). Physical activity, quality of life, weight status and diet in adolescents.Quality of Life Research, 19(7), 943-54. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Childhood Obesity Facts. Retrieved
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013).What is Salmonellosis? Retrieved from:
Medline Plus, National Institutes of Health. (2013). Normal Growth and Development.
Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002456.htm
Grosvenor, M. B., & Smolin, L. A. (2012). Visualizing nutrition: Everyday choices (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
(Grosvenor, M. B., & Smolin, L. A.)
(National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention)
(Grosvenor, M. B., & Smolin, L. A.)
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