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PEER PRESSURE

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justine anne magbanua

on 22 April 2016

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Transcript of PEER PRESSURE

PEER PRESSURE
RELATED LITERATURE
A. INTRODUCTION

Each one of us belongs to the same age group or social group as everyone else. Each one of us belongs to a group wherein we spend most of our time, believing that they’re worth spending time. Some of them leads us to good, some tempts us to be bad. Some influence us to be a better persons but some also teaches us to be bad. Some influence us to be better persons but some also teaches us to be a person we don’t want to be. We treat our peers as our precious family. We wanted to be with them all the time. But in reality, are our peers really good for us?

According to the psychologist, Brett Laursen, Phd., when a school year begins, student are heading with new classes, sports, and other school-related activities. Most students will also face the challenge of peer pressure. He talks about the science behind peer pressure and what parents can do to help their kids.

In adolescence, teenagers begin to break away from their families and try to explore the outside world. They try out different roles and situations to figure out who they are and where they fit into the world. Our research aimed to know all about “Peer Pressure” and its influence on teens and decision making.

But first of all, let’s know what “Peer Pressure” means. Peer Pressure may refer to as peer influence or social influence to adopt a particular type of behaviour or attitude in order to be accepted as a part of the group of your equals. It is also the urge to at least try to be the same as your friends no matter what kind of activity they do. Whether it is good or bad, you trust them because your so called friends said so.

The researcher has chosen this topic because it is relevant. Up until now being under peer pressure is still a problem in most of the teens nowadays especially now that being “cool” is the trend. Living young, wild, and free life is the “it” thing for the teenagers today. They thought that being out of control is now the new sign of braveness.

The reason why the researchers wanted “Peer Pressure” as the main point or topic of the research because the researchers wanted to know more the reasons why the young ones give in to this, especially if most of the time the elders will tell us that we always have a choice. Researchers wanted to understand why they always felt helpless and decided to just give in and couldn’t even say no. They also wanted to know the effects of peer pressure to an individual’s self-development. How they will be able to handle a situation once the time comes that they are only be themselves especially with problems that require a person’s decision making ability. And also, the researchers would like to know how peer pressure will affect an individual’s personal growth or connection with himself or herself.

B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This study wanted to know the implications of the “Peer Pressure” in the decision making capability of Tourism students.
Moreover, the researchers would like to find answers to the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the Respondents in terms of:
a. Age:
b. Level:
c. Gender:

2. What are the common forms of peer pressure
experienced by the respondents?

3. What are the effects of peer pressure to
the decision making capability
of tourism students?

C. HYPOTHESIS
The hypothesis we’ve built and tested in the study was:
“The basis of an individual’s decisions are not always related or influenced by Peer Pressure.”


D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study was conducted to know the effects of peer pressure to an individual’s self-development and to find the possible ways to prevent the influence of peers to one’s growth and development.

Through this study, researchers solved some problems which can be resolved. This study helped teenagers to improve their abilities to decide for themselves. This also helped the teenagers figure out that they are the ones who has the control in their life. We were the ones who will decide who we wanted to be or what we wanted to be in the future. No one can dictate to us what should we do. This has awaken the minds of the peers to know their limits when it comes to decisions. Each one of us is important. Also, this study helped the parents understand the feelings and needs of their children experiencing puberty. Lastly, this study also helped the person, him/herself, to gain anyone’s trust in any sticky situation.


1. The person involve.
By resolving a person’s issue about themselves it helped them lead their life. It is much better if we were not affected anyone by any disturbance.
2. The family, especially the parents of the person.
It helped the person involved parents if the burden they’re carrying has been lessen. Yes, it was our parent’s responsibility to help us out but there were times that something in our lives can be solved by us.
3. The peers or friends that surround the person.
Your relationship with your friends/peers has been so much better if you know how to distinguish what is right from wrong.
4. Teenagers.
You will be an inspiration to the youth to be like you because you manage to overcome this, so if they’re experiencing the same thing you can help them too.

E. DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. Adolescent – n.: a young person who is developing into an adult: a young who is going through adolescence.
2. Cool – adj.: able to think and act in a calm way: not affected by strong feelings.
3. Equals – adj.: the same in number, amount, degree, rank, or quantity.
4. Peer Pressure – the influence exerted by a peer group in encouraging a person to change his or her attitude, values, or behaviour to conform to the group.
5. Peers – n.: companion.
6. Psychology – n.: the science or study of the mind and behaviour.

7. Puberty – n.: the period of life when a person’s sexual organs matures and he or she become able to have children.
8. Quest – n.: a journey made in search of something.
9. Relevant – adj.: having significant and demonstrable bearing on the matter at hand.
10. Sticky Situation – adj.: difficult, problematic situation.
11. Tourism – n.: the commercial organization and operation of vacations and visits to places of interest.

F. SCOPE AND DELIMITATION
OF THE STUDY
The general purpose of this study was to know the effects of “Peer Pressure” in the decision making capability of Tourism students at Philippine Christian University 2nd Semester of S.Y. 2015-2016.
This chapter presented the studies and literature written which are relevant to the topic of peer pressure. Most college students were experiencing peer pressure that has created an impact on their decision-making capabilities. According to Dr. B. J. Casey from the Weill Medical College of Cornell University, teens were very quick and accurate in making judgments and decisions of their own and in situations where they have time to think. However, when they have to make decisions in the heat of the moment or in social situations, their decisions are often influenced by external factors like peers. College students have a big tendency to depend their decisions on what their peer says.

According to the website Best College Reviews (www.bestcollegereviews.com) “Peer pressure can be tough to deal with, especially when you are a teenager or in your college years.
The desire to fit in and feel like you are part of a group is completely normal, and most people feel this way their entire lives.” We were having difficulty in saying no to peers just to blend in, because they are afraid not to be accepted or get bullied.

While it can be hard for teens to withstand peer influence sometimes, especially in the heat of the moment, it can also have a positive outcome. (1) A little peer pressure can be a tool to motivate students in achieving great heights. If someone is struggling in their studies, their peers can motivate them to do well in their studies. (2) Peers could also influence you to quit in your bad habits. (3) They can pressure you in a good way that you want to be like them because they are good role models.

CHAPTER 4
PRESENTATION , ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
RESPONDENTS
The researchers has chosen twenty (20) Tourism students of Philippine Christian University under the School of Tourism and Hospitality Studies.
The researchers chose tourism students as the respondents for the survey about Peer Pressure because of the following reasons. To be a tourism student requires a big amount of cooperating and associating yourself with other people. If you’re a graduate of this program, there are big chances that the line of work you might encounter requires interacting with people, since the kind of jobs popular for this course are flight attendants or hotel representatives. Tourism students were the best choice for this since while you’re studying you are required to have team building with your classmates that eventually lead to friendship. The researchers conducted this research to know if the tourism students can overcome peer pressure.

INSTRUMENT
The involved participants were given a copy of questionnaires that is specific for this study. All participants that has been involved were treated ethically according to the APA Ethical Code (American Psychological Association, 2002).
PROCEDURE
A descriptive research was used in this study. The researchers used twelve (12) size and Arial font. A questionnaire was made to collect information in the standard survey collection method. The main goal of collecting data was to execute a group research on how peer pressure affects the decision making capabilities of students. The format that the researchers has used in the questionnaires were only yes/no questions.
ANALYSIS
The information that the researchers has gathered were presented in tabular form. After that, the researchers has interpreted the result and emphasized the significant findings. Researchers has organized the significant findings with background information, detailed data and results, conclusion and recommendation.
LIMITATION
The survey that has been used in this study addresses two (2) objectives; the first objective was to know the implications of “Peer Pressure” in the decision making capability of Tourism students. The second objective was to know the common forms of peer pressure experienced by the Tourism students. The researchers has chosen only twenty (20) students of Philippine Christian University under the School of Tourism and Hospitality Studies.
This chapter has presented the analysis and interpretation of the survey the researchers conducted with the Tourism students of the Philippine Christian University through tabular form. This also has shown the percentage and number of respondents that has answered the questions given to them.
The table 1 shows that out of 100 respondents, the 75% of the respondents belongs to age group 15-17, and the 25% belongs to age group 18-20.

The survey shows that more than half of the respondents belongs to age group 15-17. This further shows that most of the tourism students are in this group.

TABLE 1. AGE
TABLE 2. GENDER
As can be seen from table 2, 50% of the respondents are male while the 50% of the female.

The finding indicates the respondents of the tourism department are equally divided.

TABLE 3.
YEAR IN COLLEGE
The table 3 shows that out of 20 respondents, 40% are 1st year college, 40% also are from 2nd year, 20% came from 3rd year and no one came from 4th year.

This finding shows that majority of the respondents came from the 1st year and the 2nd year level of the Tourism Department.

TABLE 4.
NO OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAS BEEN BEEN PRESSURED TO DO BAD FOR THEIR HEALTH
As can be seen from table 4, out of 20 respondents, 13 answered yes and 7 answered no.

This survey shows that majority of the respondents are pressured to do something bad for their health because of peer pressure.

TABLE 5. NO.
OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAS BEEN PRESSURED TO DO SOMETHING ILLEGAL.
The table 5 shows that out of 100%, 90% of the respondents said yes while the remaining 10% answered no.

This indicates that most of the respondents has not been pressured to do something illegal by pressure from peers.

TABLE 6.
NO. OF RESPONDENTS WHO LIED ABOUT LIKING SOMETHING JUST BECAUSE HE/SHE THOUGHT HIS/HER FRIENDS WOULD MAKE FUN OF HIM/HER IF THEY KNEW.
As can be seen in table 6, 12 of the respondents answered no to this question while 8 answered yes.

The finding just shows that 90% of the respondents lied to like something because of the thought that his/her friends might make fun of him/her if they knew.

TABLE 7.
NO. OF RESPONDENTS THAT LIED TO THEIR PARENTS BECAUSE PEERS TOLD THEM TO DO SO.
The table 7 shows out of 100%, 75% of the respondents said yes and the other 25% said no to this question.
This survey shows that more than half of the respondents belong to the group who has lied to their parents because peers told them to do so.

TABLE 8. NO. OF RESPONDENTS THAT SAYS PEER PRESSURE IS HARD TO RESIST.
As can be seen in the table 8, 11 of the 20 respondents said yes and the remaining 9 said no.

This survey shows that more than half of the respondents of tourism students denied that peer pressure is hard to resist.

TABLE 9. NO. OF RESPONDENTS WHO FINDS IT HARD TO SAY "NO" TO FRIENDS.
The table 9 shows that out of 20 respondents 13 or an equivalent of 65% belongs to the group that answered yes and 7 or an equivalent of 35% belongs to the group that answered no.

This finding indicates that majority of the respondents finds it hard to say No to their friends.

TABLE 10.
FORMS OF PEER PRESSURE
As can be seen in table 10, 50% or half of the number of respondents belongs to the group of the positive while the other half belongs to the group of the negative.

This finding shows that half of the number of the respondents believe that peer pressure is positive for us.

CHAPTER 5
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION
This chapter will discuss the summary, conclusion, and recommendation on the implications of “Peer Pressure” in the decision making of the Philippine Christian University Tourism students.
SUMMARY
Peer Pressure can be either be positive or negative. It depends on the way you looked at it. It can be so good in a way that it may change you to be a better person but on the other hand, it can also be harmful to the point that it may lead you to do no good.
The effects of it depends on how people will apply it in their lives. Whether they let it help them to be the one they wanted to be or they’ll let it destroy them inside.

This research aimed to know the implications of “Peer Pressure” in decision making capability of Tourism students. This research also ought to answer the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of:
a. Age:
b. Level:
c. Gender:

2. What are the common forms of peer pressure experienced by the respondents?

3. What are the common effects of peer pressure to the decision making capability of tourism students?

The respondents of this research are twenty (20) Tourism students of Philippine Christian University under the School of Tourism and Hospitality Studies.

The finding of this study shows that majority of the people who experience peer pressure were minors. These people were pressured to do something bad for their health like smoking, using of drugs and drinking alcohols. Also, majority of them used to lie to like something because of the fear of being bullied and fooled by their friends. More than half of them were used to lying to their parents because their friends told them to do so. Most of them find it hard to say “NO” to their friends and to resist them.

CONCLUSION
1. Profile of the Respondents:
2. What are the common forms of peer pressure experienced by the respondents?
3. What are the common effects of peer pressure to the decision making capability of tourism students?

The respondents that has been used in conducting the research were from the Tourism students of Philippine Christian University under the School of Tourism and Hospitality School. This respondents has already experienced different forms of peer pressure such as positive as well as the negatives. Through this study, we have discovered that mostly, people were having a hard time in saying no to the people around them especially to their friends. It’s even harder for them to resist their peers which lead them to different kinds of effects in their decision making. On the bad side, peers used to influence especially in times of pleasure. This leads the person to do something that he doesn’t really like but forced because of the want to fit in. One of the most common bad influence of peers affects one’s health and habit like smoking, drinking, and use of drugs. Some used to lie to their parents or worse, they even influence them to do things that are not legal. This might be the effects of the peers to people especially to teens who really wanted to explore a lot. But on the other hand, we must also consider the fact that not all peers cause harm to their friends. In this study, there were also peers that help each other to mature and learn. They were peers who lend a helping hand to their friends to support one another. Peers were just characters in our lives that help us grow. Choosing them is one of the most exciting part because that’s when you’ll know what kind of person you are. “Tell me who your friends are and I’ll tell you who you are” they say. Consider their words as an opinion, not commands. Because at the end of the day, the decision will always come from you.
RECOMMENDATION
For those people who experienced peer pressure, don’t let others affect your way of thinking and decision-making. Peer pressure isn’t always negative. Positive peer groups is also a part in developing one’s self, one should just have to know where group he/she will accompany. For the teachers also known as “second parents” of the group, they should focus on promoting a classroom of acceptance. They should avoid playing favouritism and giving special attention. They should practice fairness inside. For the parents, quality time spent together is great factor on teens. They should never underestimate it. The bottom line is that it is the utmost importance for parents to be tolerant, show unconditional love, patience during teen years. And lastly, for the peers, let us be the support system when the parents or the teachers were not around. Be the good influence that can turn your friends to become a better one. You should be the one to lift your companion up, not drag them down. Know to yourself that being a peer has boundaries and limitations. Bear in mind that in every friendship or relationship, the people involved should always consider what the best is for their companions and loved ones.
ENGLISH II DEFENSE

JIM MARK COLIBAO Marian joy cristobal

leslee jalicjic justine anne magbanua

psyche mae maquiso jhazmin sevilla
Mrs. Aleli Garcia
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