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American Studies: methodologies
Transcript of American Studies: methodologies
Film and popular culture
The posthumanist subject
Gender studies American Studies:
- genre studies
- game studies
- comics studies
- adaptation studies
- audience (fans, fandon)studies Media Narratives
Popular Culture: Pawel Frelik Fredric Jameson:“Periodizing the 60s”
Jeffrey T. Nealon: "Post-Postmodernism"
Jacques Rancière: "The Politics of Aesthetics" Postmodernism:
Zuzanna Ladyga Extending the capabilities
of the human body The Posthumanist Subject The most popular president Presidential Leadership in the USA:
Bohdan Szklarski •“Charlotte Temple” by Susanna Rowson - novel of seduction
•“Uncle Tom’s Cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe - domestic/sentimental novel
•“Wide Wide World” by Susan Warner - realist novel Ecocriticism What is a TEXT/HYPERTEXT? Katherine Hayles –"Print Is Flat, Code Is Deep"
1.Electronic Hypertexts Are Dynamic Images.
2.Electronic Hypertexts Include Both Analogue Resemblance and Digital Coding.
3.Electronic Hypertexts Are Generated through Fragmentation and Recombination.
4.Electronic Hypertexts Have Depth and Operate in Three Dimensions.
5.Electronic Hypertexts Are Bilingual, Written in Code as well as Natural Language
6.Electronic Hypertexts Are Mutable and Transformable.
7.Electronic Hypertexts Are Spaces to Navigate.
8.Electronic Hypertexts Are Written and Read in Distributed Cognitive Environments.
9.Electronic Hypertexts Initiate and Demand Cyborg Reading Practices. 1.Electronic
Dynamic Images. http://
"Breathe" (2000) 3. Electronic Hypertexts
Are Generated through
Fragmentation and Recombination Dan Waber's
"Strings" (1999) http://vispo.com/guests/
DanWaber/index.html http://collection.eliterature.org/1/works/moulthrop__reagan_library.html Reagan Library by Stuart Moulthrop An electronic text is a PROCESS rather than an object Subject
three registers aesthetic political philosophical Horizons:
1.Text is regarded as a symbolic act, something that is linked to reality: plot, characters, subject line, etc.
2.Text is regarded as an ideologeme. It can be perceived as a constellation of signs, notions and it works as an ideology: social and economic situation of the period.
3.Text is regarded as an ideology of form: reference to past (historical events) in order to describe the current situation. a new regime for relating to the PAST. New American Economy:
“casinos plus part-time jobs” What do you get for a crowd
that has already experienced
everything? Economics of classic rock Mushrooms as Companion Species ANIMISM Presidents' speeches American flag Three president types:
postmodern 1. P. Murphy - Ecocritical Explorations
2. T. Clark – Literature and the Environment
3. L. Buell – Writing for an Endangered World
4. N.Pitman - 5 modern Crusoes
5. Z. Grover – Minnehaha Creek Rudy Wiebe A Discovery of Strangers
About that time some of the animals did
begin to hear strange noises, bits of shriek
and hammer above the wavering roar of rapids
or the steady flagellations of wind. These
were strangers, so different, so blatantly loud
the caribou themselves could not help hearing
them long before they needed to be smelled, and
some animals drifted around to see what made the
trees in one place scream and smash that way, the
rocks clang. They noticed creatures that looked like humans standing motionless here and there, abruptly pointing and shrieking, pounding! pounding! scuttling about all day and sometimes at night as well, when tendrils of brush along the river might spring up suddenly into terrifying flame. And the animals understood then that such brutal hiss and clangor must bring on a winter even colder than usual. Lawrence Buell (The Environmental Imagination)
1.The nonhuman environment is present not merely as a framing device but as a presence that begins to suggest that human history is implicated in natural history;
2.The human interest is not understood to be the only legitimate interest;
3.Human accountability to the environment is part of the text's ethical orientation;
4.Some sense of the environment as a process rather than a constant or a given is at least implicit in the text. Arne Naess's
Deep Ecology Platform (1973-1975)
1.The well-being and flourishing of human and non-human life on Earth have value in themselves. These values are independent of the usefulness of the non-human world for human purposes.
5.Present human interference with the non-human world is excessive, and the situation is rapidly worsening.
6.Policies must therefore be changed. These policies affect basic economic, technological, and ideological structures.
7.The ideological change will be mainly that of appreciating life quality (dwelling in situations of inherent value) rather than adhering to an increasingly higher standard of living. The 19th-century Constructions
of Gender Feminist Methodologies
Nina Baym “Form and Ideology”
Aim - recovery and re-evaluation
for appreciation of forgotten
texts of the 19th century.