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Transcript of Buddhism
In a nut shell
Who was the Buddha?
Write these three concepts in your books. Leave plenty of space between each. They are important ideas in Buddhism and we are going to explore what they mean:
Begin with writing down anything you know about these ideas.
'In a nutshell'
use a different coloured pen and write anything new you have learned.
After watching the clips use another pen and complete your summary of each concept.
Who was the Buddha?
Listen to this source and write down points that help you build up a picture of the Buddha's early life.
Siddhartha's bubble of pleasure burst when he saw:
an old man (aging/change)
a sick man (a condition we all suffer from)
a dead man (impermanence)
It had a radical effect on him. It made him begin to question "What is it to be human?"
Have you ever had a moment(s) when you wonder what is it to be human?
How does it feel?
What answers if any do you come up with?
The what of the Buddha
There is no way of knowing what exactly happened to Siddhartha, or why it happened. All we know is that something did indeed happen.
This is an important consideration: experiences cannot easily be translated from one person to another.
So what did he teach after he had attained Enlightenment?
The Buddha's 'commandments' came from his own inquiry, his own 'self discovery'. He did not impose them on anyone, rather he encouraged others to form their own commandments.
However, we have tangible expressions of his ideas, found in the FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS.
'Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.'
The insight. There is suffering and we need to understand and accept it.
The origin of suffering = desire.
The realisation that there is an end of suffering.
The realisation that there is a way out of suffering
(called 'the eight fold path')
"There is no river like craving"
"All that is subject to arising is subject to ceasing."
What do you think this is?
As you watch, fill out the four noble truths sheet
In a nutshell
no need to play all of this
A finger pointing to the moon
What has attracted the people in the video to Buddhism?
This is a map of the world (but not as you know it) What areas can you recognise? What do you think this is showing?
Territory size shows the proportion of the world's adherents to Buddhism living there.
The largest populations are in China and Japan, and in many other south-east asian countries Buddhists form a majority of the population. (Information sources: BBC website and Wikipedia)
Read the eight fold path
Read Karen Armstrong, 'Introduction'.
- Why does she say that writing a biography of the Buddha could be seen as very un-Buddhist?
- What is dhamma? Why is it significant?
Samsara film: 30'34'' - 48' 10''
What thoughts and feelings about life come to you as you watch this excerpt from the film, Samsara? Try for 3 - 5 adjectives. Discuss.
Now read 'The Buddha' handout and answer the study questions
Three A's: Awareness, Analysis, Action
Lets re-cap the 4 Noble Truths
The first of the four noble truths raises our
about life's problem - the truth of suffering.
The second truth
this problem - the truth of the cause of suffering
The third truth offers a solution to the problem by saying that we can end our suffering by achieving 'nirvana'.
The final truth is about
- we can end suffering by following the
EIGHT FOLD PATH.
TASK: Interpreting the 8 fold path.
In a group of no more than 4 you are to choose ONE of the 8 steps on the path.
1. Get together and brainstorm a scenario that interprets the action, thinking about what it means to you today. Can you make it relevant? What does it look like?
2. THEN, work out how you can communicate the action.
You could produce a Static Image, visualise it with play-doh, or act it out (it could be 'dramatic', or it could be finding people to interview and asking what the 'step' means to them).
3. Show me your brainstorm and you have 30 minutes to work. If filming be careful not to make noise around classes. (And if filming outside be mindful of the wind lest it's all we end up hearing)
4. Next lesson we will share our "interpretations" with the class.
The EIGHT FOLD PATH lists the ACTIONS (Physical and mental) needed for ENLIGHTENMENT.
To read them is one thing, but the point is they are to be 'followed'
– it is called a path because you have to walk it.
Therefore, we can ask: what does each of the steps mean to you as a young person in the 21st century?
Recap: Complete the World Religions: Buddhism sheet while watching this.
The life of Buddha
What is this?
The following are a series of interviews & thoughts by the British comedian/author/actor/activist Russell Brand. Note down:
1. Ideas that you think connect with Buddhism &/or any other religious tradtions we've studied.
2. Ideas that you find particularly interesting.
Do you like what he has to say? Why/why not?
Based on what we have learned so far, and thinking about our field trip experience - do you think Buddhism (or aspects of it) could be included more in primary/secondary education? What aspects? Why/why not?
One NZ school (in Riversdale) has thought it would be a good idea to introduce 'mindfulness'. But this decision has been met with opposition. Read the article and consider the following questions
According to the article:
1. Who is against the introduction of a 'mindfulness' technique?
2. From what you understand, what are the reasons for opposition?
"The Education Ministry said it had received five complaints from parents at Riversdale School about the issue and was working with the school to ensure the complaints were dealt with appropriately."
What would be your advice to the Ministry, the School, and concerned parents?
Starter: FROM EAST TO WEST>>
Since its origins in India Buddhism has spread far and wide and its appeal to people in the West appears to be increasing.
In 1999 a film came out called the Matrix. It was hugely popular and was generally well-received by critics. It contains many religious and philosophical references, including Plato's 'allegory of the cave' about knowledge and the nature of reality.
Buddhist references in the Matrix
Buddhism for rappers?
What do you think of this message?
The path towards a new beginning starts, within you.
Watch first 20 minutes. Until the statement:
"In order to gain anything you must first lose everything."
- What do you think about this quote?
- What do you think about Siddhartha leaving his family in search of enlightenment?
Mother Mary, speaking words of wisdom, let it be.
This notion of acceptance can be found across religions.