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Transcript of Lev Vygotsky
Social Development Theory
ZPD & Scaffolding
A child is unable to ride a bike by himself.
Eventually, he learns to ride a bike by himself!
However, with the help of an adult he is able to ride the bike more easily.
(zone of proximal development)
Ana Lucia Rodriguez
Vygotsky's Developmental Theory
Kharkovite Peter Zinchenko
Critiqued Vygotsky’s inclination to compare the natural biological functions to the higher, culturally mediated, psychological functions
Argued that this approach would ruin any attempt to understand the early stages of development
Would shift the stages' study from a physiological point of view versus psychological
Criticisms of Vygotsky's Work
- not relevant for all cultures
Not gender specific
Wasn't heavily scrutinized as it had to be translated from Russian
Not as many testable hypotheses as Piaget
therefore hard to refute
Social Development Theory introduces the idea that social interaction precedes development; consciousness and cognition is the end product of socialization and social behavior
Social interaction plays a fundamental role in cognitive development
“Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level”
Russian psychologist who attended Moscow State University
Born on November 17, 1896
Founder of the theory of cultural-historical psychology
development of higher cognitive functions of logical memory
Educational Psychology: new knowledge is dependent on previous learning
Died at 37
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) - the distance between a student’s ability to perform a task under the guidance of an adult and/or with peer collaboration, and the student’s ability to perform it independently
Scaffolding - the support given by the instructor during the learning process which is tailored to the needs of the student with the intention of helping the student achieve his/her learning goals
Scaffolds do not change the nature or difficulty level of task
Scaffolds are provided during the ZPD
Moscow State University
Davidson Films. "Vygotsky's Developmental Theory." Youtube, 21 June 2010. Web. 18 Sept. 2014. <
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McLeod, S. (2007, January 1). Lev Vygotsky. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
Recker, M. (1996, May 3). Learning and Communication Theories in Instructional Technology. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) | Learning Theories. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2014