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Transcript of Nouns
object of preposition
a free drink
What did they give?
count - singular and plural
am going to put
ointment on it until it
My son usually
down eight times a day or more.
has been falling
daily since he
how to stand up.
as much as my son
verbs can be any tense.
phrasal verbs have verb and particle.
simple present verbs have -s for 3rd person singular subjects.
phrasal verbs: fall down
during his performance at the 2014 Winter Olympics, but he
an excellent performance.
will be going
will have gone
have been gone
had been gone
will have been gone
Analyze the verbs in these sentences.
What can you conclude about verbs?
Every sentence has a
is what the sentence is about.
it is always a noun, noun phrase, or noun clause.
tells something about that subject.
It alwas contains the main verb of the sentence and may contain many other parts such as objects or prepositional phrases.
Can you find the subject and predicate in these sentences?
Perseverance is a hard thing to learn.
Experiencing failure is normal, but learning how to make failure into success is extraordinary.
Some people fear failure for their whole lives.
Other people take risks because they want something.
What people choose to do after failing can make them happy or sad.
What kind of person are you?
[is a hard thing to learn.]
[is normal], but
learning how to make failure into success
[fear failure for their whole lives.]
[take risks because
What people choose to do after failing
[can make them happy or sad.]
[What kind of person are]
Direct Objects are directly connected to the verb.
I went to the supermarket.
Coffee tastes good.
Sylvia called her mom last night.
Only one of these sentences has a direct object:
Indirect objects only work with certain verbs:
Statue of Liberty
Indirect objects can always be changed to objects of a preposition
the Statue of Liberty
Adjectives always describe nouns.
What nouns are these adjectives describing?
building seemed to touch the sky.
set of keys was missing! She was
3. When I walked into the house, something smelled
Look for adjectives in 3 places:
After linking verbs
As adjective clauses
Where are the nouns here?
Where are the adjectives?
What are the adjectives describing?
(become) - usually perfect tenses only.
cold because he forgot his coat.
3. This food
4. That man
5. That noise
6. My dinner
7. The student
easier since I started doing it every day.
Linking verbs can sometimes be used as action verbs, but when they are action verbs, they do not connect adjectives:
He is feeling the sand on the beach with his hand.
The little boy is smelling the flowers.
The fire alarm is sounding! We have to evacuate!
*Exception: I think that English is becoming easier every day!
Adjective Clauses can describe nouns
that is blue
I like the house
that is red
The man who is unpacking his truck might be moving into the house that is red.
Where are the adjective clauses?
Things to remember:
is usually used in "defining" or "restrictive" adjective clauses.
is usually used in "non-defining" or "non-restrictive clauses. (think: comment, side note, opinion about the main sentence)
are necessary when using "non-restrictive" adjective clauses
The Land is a playground that takes up nearly an acre at the far end of a quiet housing development in North Wales.
The ground is muddy in spots and, at one end, slopes down steeply to a creek where a big, faded plastic boat that most people would have thrown away is wedged into the bank.
Nearby, a couple of boys are doing mad flips on a stack of filthy mattresses, which makes a fine trampoline.
There is, however, a frayed rope swing that carries you over the creek and deposits you on the other side, if you can make it that far (otherwise it deposits you in the creek).
On this day, the kids seem excited by a walker that was donated by one of the elderly neighbors and is repurposed, at different moments, as a scooter, a jail cell, and a gymnastics bar.
She wanted to design playgrounds with loose parts that kids could move around and manipulate, to create their own makeshift structures.
From these examples: what rules can you infer about adjective clause commas? Choosing to use "that" as the relative pronoun? Or other rules?
Adverbs can describe verbs or adjectives.
for every class.
compared to his brother.
adverbs end in -ly
, adverbs modify a whole sentence.
, no one brought any chocolate cake today. (I'm sad about it)
, no one brought any chocolate cake today. (I am on a diet!)
coffee in the morning.
cook my own food. in the morning.
at Carl's Jr.
Adverbs of frequency explain how often habits happen OR don't happen.
Verbs need to be placed correctly with frequency adverbs for the sentence structure to be correct. *Not all frequency adverbs are the same :S
He swims every day.
Sometimes, I really enjoy tea instead of coffee.
The very old man on the train was extremely kind.
He runs very well.
I went to the store quickly.
Please work quietly by yourself.
Please work independently.
That soup tastes delicious! (tricked you! what is "delicious?" What is it describing?)
The students were hurriedly walking to class.
Where are the adverbs?
What do they modify?