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Transcript of River ganga
before its too late!!!
The Ganges with the length of 2,525 km, is the second largest river on the Indian subcontinent by discharge.It is named after a Hindu goddess called Ganga. Geographists to Historians and Mythologists regard Ganges as the heart of Indian culture, tradition and living.The Ganges is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.It provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states serving an estimated population of 500 million people or more, which is larger than any other river in the world.ध
As told before,the river Ganga occupies a unique position in the cultural ethos of India.It is believed that the river has descended from heaven on earth as a result of the long and arduous prayers of King Bhagirathi for the salvation of his deceased ancestors.From times of immemorial,the Ganga has been India's river of faith,devotion and worship.Millions of hindus accept its water as sacred.Even today,people carry treasured ganga water all over India and abroad because it is "holy" water and known for its "curative" proporties.
Impact of clean
Saving river Ganga is great indeed as it is a great deed!!
The Ganges was ranked as the fifth most polluted river of the world in 2007.Pollution threatens not only humans, but also more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species and the endangered Ganges river dolphin.The Ganges River Pollution is now at such a high level that the amount of toxins, chemicals and other dangerous bacteria found in the river are now almost 3000 times over the limit suggested by the World Health Organisation as 'safe'.
Ganges river pollution is getting seriously bad and something needs to be done now.All hope is not lost and there does seem to be some hope on the horizon for the serious case of the Ganges river pollution. The world bank has agreed to loan India almost $1 Billion to clean up the Ganges.Scientists and religious leaders have speculated on the causes of the river's apparent self-purification effect, in which water-borne bacteria such as dysentery and cholera are killed off thus preventing large-scale epidemics. Some studies have reported that the river retains more oxygen than is typical for comparable rivers; this could be a factor leading to fewer disease agents being present in the water.
The Ganga Action Plan
Way back in 1986, the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi launched Rs 462-crore project to clean the Ganga in Varanasi. Under this plan sewage treatment plants were set up, raw sewage was cut off and diverted, electric and wood crematoria was set up and low-cost sanitation facilities were provided. GAP was a program launched in order to reduce the pollution load on the river. But the efforts to decrease the pollution level in the river were unsuccessful even after spending Rs 9017 million.The Ganga Action Plan was not successful so refuted on 31 March 2000 but phase II of the programe got approval. Till Feb 2014 Rs 939 crore had been spent on the Ganga Action Plan including 524 different schemes.As of 2011, it is currently under implementation.
The Supreme Court
has been working on the closure and relocation of many of the industrial plants like tulsi along the Ganges and in 2010 the government declared the stretch of river between Gaumukh and Uttarkashi an "eco-sensitive zone".
In the budget tabled in Parliament on July 10, 2014, the Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley announced an integrated Ganga development project titled Namami Ganga and allocated INR2,037 crore for this purpose. As a part of the program, government of India ordered the shut down of 48 industrial units around Ganga.
Let us all save the holy river Ganga and protect our lives!!!
Nearly 89 million litres of sewage is daily disposed into Ganga from the 12 municipal towns that fall along its route till Haridwar.The amount of sewage disposed into the river increases during the Char dham Yatra season when nearly 15 lakh pilgrims visit the state between May and October each year.Apart from sewage disposal of half-burnt human bodies at Haridwar and hazardous medical waste from the base hospital at Srinagar due to the absence of incinerator are also adding to pollution levels in the Ganges.
The National Ganga River Basin Authority (NRBA)
– Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was the head of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NRBA), a regulatory body formed in February 2009 with an objective to reduce pollution and to conserve the Ganga. But he along with two more members resigned from the post because of lack of accountability and commitment. NRBA had been granted fund of Rs 3,031 to operate 56 schemes in 44 towns. As per available data Rs 785 crore had already been spent till September 2013. NRBA was supported by the National Ganga River Basin Project.
The river has its origin in the Western Himalayan Ranges in the state of Uttarakhand.The Ganges passes through the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal.
Flow of River Ganga
Rishika 9 A
Pranathi 9 B
Dhanush 9 C
Ruthvik 9 D
Lasya.P 9 E
Ria 9 F