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Christianity in Africa
Transcript of Christianity in Africa
The Ethiopian branch of Christianity first emerged in the kingdom of Aksum in the northern corner of the Ethiopian highlands.
The most popular part connected to this region is the Queen of Shiba from the Old Testament.
Christianity spread South from the North of Egypt to Nubia about two hundred years after the collapse of the powerful Nile Valley.
19th Century White
In early 19th century, there were few people who practiced Christianity, the abolition of slaves in 1807 was a strong motive for setting up European Christian missions.
The missionary traveler David Livingstone helped this because he believed that the slave trade could only be suppressed by a combination of Christianity.
Many European missionaries worked extremely hard to run their missions, risking lives and good health in the process.
In 1490 the first missionaries came to Sub-Saharan Africa at the request of King Nzinga of Kongo (also known as the Manikongo). They came with craftsmen who rebuilt the Manikongo's capital in stone at Mbanza Kongo (in the North of modern Angola), and baptised the King. King Nzinga's son Afonso (born Nzinga Mbemba) was sent to Portugal to study and amazed the catholic hierarchy with his intelligence and intense piety.
Christianity in Africa
By: Terry Geraldsen
& Jade Rouchon
19th Century Black
Forces For Change
Christianity spread to North Africa less than 150 years after the death of Christ. Christian beliefs were introduced by missionaries from Jerusalem and spread among the Jews of Alexandria, on the Egyptian Coast, some time in first century AD or second century. There, the new faith was adopted by the Greek community from the Jews. Christianity spread west, and was taken up across North Africa. It reached as far as modern-day Morocco, where it was enthusiastically embraced by the Berber people. It is quite possible that Christianity came to Africa before it came to Britain and other regions in Northern Europe.
In east, west, and south parts of Africa, Christianity was taken up by many people, but the Europe missionaries didn't approve of their way they worship.
There were many parallels people who came across Christianity saw, ideas of a supreme leader, a spiritual world, as well as the idea of revelation and prophesy. They were all present in the traditional religions.
Redemption through Christ's sacrifice had its echo in sacrificial rites of traditional religions.
The promises of literacy was what attracted many people toward Christianity. This was because most of them had no form of writing until Europeans came to Africa.
In the neighboring Gold Coast, Akans expelled from the Methodist Church reacted by setting up their own church with its own heavenly language, Musama Christo Disco or the Army of the Cross of Christ.
In southern Africa, the increasingly segregated Dutch Reform Church and the growing exclusion of Africans from social and political life. This led to a huge number of churches springing up, many of them going under the name of Ethiopian (a tribute to Ethiopia's ancient church).
Samuel Ajayi Crowther was one of the most famous African representatives of a European church.
Samuel Ajayi Crowther was commissioned by the Church Missionary Society (CMS) to set up the Niger Mission; the first expedition to do so resulted in the death of third of the party, all of which Crowther carefully documented in his journal. He supervised the setting up of a mission in Badagry, and later Abeokuta, (both in the south west of Nigeria), steering a difficult path between rulers in region, some hostile to Christianity, some of whom were in conflict with each other.