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Buddhism

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by

Kate Willey

on 17 April 2015

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Transcript of Buddhism

Major Beliefs:
Buddhism
Human-centered religion - - the responsibility relies within the individual
History of Buddhism:
The Birth and Life of

Siddhartha Gautama
Sacred Times:
Offerings of gratitude to the Buddha for the Dharma (Buddha's teachings)
Recitation of the Three Jewels and the

FIVE PRECEPTS
Sacred Scriptures:
TRIPITAKA
Sacred Places:
What to Expect:
Human-centered
Nirvana
Eight-Fold Path
Four Noble Truths
Meditation
History of Buddhism
Sacred Scriptures
Sacred Times
Sacred Places
The Noble Eightfold Path
Four Noble Truths:
1. Life is filled with suffering.
2. The cause of suffering is desire.
3. To cease suffering, one must cease desiring.
4. The path to the end of suffering is the Noble Eightfold Path
1. Right Understanding
2. Right Thought
3. Right Speech
4. Right Conduct
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Effort
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration
MEDITATION:
mindfulness of breath
meditation of loving-kindness
mindful meditation
walking meditation
focus on self and others
"Breathing in, I calm my body.
Thich Nhat Hanh
Purpose: to become
enlightened
Siddhartha Gautama
("Buddha") - the "Awakened One"
Belief in the Eight-fold Path
Belief in the Four Noble Truths
Breathing out, I smile.
Dwelling in this present moment.
I know this is a beautiful moment."
Major Beliefs:
Birth to Queen Maya
Four Sights:
Old crippled Man: Old Age
A diseased man: Illness
A decaying corpse: Death
Wandering holy man without possessions: Asceticism
The Bodhi Tree:
Siddhartha sougth answers to life's questions:
- especially suffering
Meditation
Tempted by "Mara": Stealer of Wisdom
- thirst, lust, discontent, sensuality
Reached enlightenment
The Middle Way:
Indulgence
Asceticism
Four Noble Truths
Eightfold Path
The Sangha:
Based on the first monastic community - following Buddha

Now: Community of monks
The Stupas:
Siddhartha was cremated and his RELICS were dived and distributed to the places he had traveled.
Stupas = dome-shaped monuments over relics of Suddhartha
Places of Buddhist pilgrimages
The Four
Councils
Hindu, warrior caste
At 16: married and had a son, Rahula
At 19:
Four Sights
, became ascetic
Enlightened by
Bodhi Tree
tempted by Stealer of Wisdom
Proclaimed the
Middle Way
to the
sangra
Died and entered Nirvana
relics: stupas
- monuments

Buddhism
in India and Beyond
Modern
Buddhism
Recitation and preservation of
Buddha's teachings
Addressed practices of "liberal" monks; considered unlawful.
Theraveda Buddhism
From the Sthavira (conservative) sect
Mahayana Buddhism
From the Mahasanghikas (liberal) sect
Buddha's teachings = Dharma
preserved Buddhism beyond India...
Buddhism in India:
Buddhist universities:
- trained missionaries
- school for monks
- Con: monks became elitist; alienated laity
Hun's Invasion: Buddhism nearly extinct
Only to revive itself after removal of Huns
Pala Dynasty (India):
- monastic centers
- focus changed: China to Tibet
End of Buddhism in India
TIBET REGION
BUDDHISM IN CHINA
Buddhism Beyond India:
Central Asia
Southeast Asia
Beginning of Common Era
Moved to Korea, then to Japan
Buddhism in Japan
Vajrayana Buddhism
bodhisattvas
Lamas --> Dalai Lama
Began to take hold in the West
- attracted to meditation and pacifism
Christian missionaries
British empire and trade
Translation of Buddhist texts
Henry David Thoreau in United States
aka Pali Canon - authoritative Buddhism scripture of Theraveda Buddhists
3 parts
LOTUS SUTRA
Scripture of the Mahayana Buddhism
Enlightenment is available not only to monastics but to all!
TANTRIC TEXTS:
Vajrayana Buddhists texts from India and China
Outline ritual acts of body, speech, and mind
Tibetan Book of the Dead
Avoid intoxicants.
The Five Precepts
Do not take anything not freely given.
Refrain from untrue or deceitful speech.
Abstain from sexual misconduct and sexual overindulgence.
Do not take the life of any living creature.
NIRVANA
TEMPLE
Modern
Pragmatic
Buddhism
Boudhanath Temple
Kathmandu, Nepal
Mahabodhi Temple
(Original Place of the Bodhi Tree)
Bodh Gaya, India
Wat Arun Temple
Bangkok, Thailand
Full transcript