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Transcript of Buddhism
Human-centered religion - - the responsibility relies within the individual
History of Buddhism:
The Birth and Life of
Offerings of gratitude to the Buddha for the Dharma (Buddha's teachings)
Recitation of the Three Jewels and the
What to Expect:
Four Noble Truths
History of Buddhism
The Noble Eightfold Path
Four Noble Truths:
1. Life is filled with suffering.
2. The cause of suffering is desire.
3. To cease suffering, one must cease desiring.
4. The path to the end of suffering is the Noble Eightfold Path
1. Right Understanding
2. Right Thought
3. Right Speech
4. Right Conduct
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Effort
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration
mindfulness of breath
meditation of loving-kindness
focus on self and others
"Breathing in, I calm my body.
Thich Nhat Hanh
Purpose: to become
("Buddha") - the "Awakened One"
Belief in the Eight-fold Path
Belief in the Four Noble Truths
Breathing out, I smile.
Dwelling in this present moment.
I know this is a beautiful moment."
Birth to Queen Maya
Old crippled Man: Old Age
A diseased man: Illness
A decaying corpse: Death
Wandering holy man without possessions: Asceticism
The Bodhi Tree:
Siddhartha sougth answers to life's questions:
- especially suffering
Tempted by "Mara": Stealer of Wisdom
- thirst, lust, discontent, sensuality
The Middle Way:
Four Noble Truths
Based on the first monastic community - following Buddha
Now: Community of monks (Bhikkhus) and nuns (Bhikkhunis)
Siddhartha was cremated and his RELICS were dived and distributed to the places he had traveled.
Stupas = dome-shaped monuments over relics of Suddhartha
Places of Buddhist pilgrimages
Hindu, warrior caste
At 16: married and had a son, Rahula
, became ascetic
tempted by Stealer of Wisdom
Died and entered Nirvana
in India and Beyond
Recitation and preservation of
Addressed practices of "liberal" monks; considered unlawful.
From the Sthavira (conservative) sect
From the Mahasanghikas (liberal) sect
Allowed for lay participation
Buddha's teachings = Dharma
preserved Buddhism beyond India...
Buddhism in India:
Gupta Dynasty say a rise in Buddhism and Buddhist universities:
- trained missionaries
- school for monks
- Con: monks became elitist; alienated laity
Hun's Invasion: Buddhism nearly extinct
Only to revive itself after removal of Huns
Pala Dynasty (India): patrons of Buddhism
- monastic centers
- focus changed: China to Tibet
Nearly the end of Buddhism in India
BUDDHISM IN CHINA
Buddhism Beyond India:
Beginning of Common Era
Moved to Korea, then to Japan
Buddhism in Japan
Lamas --> Dalai Lama
Began to take hold in the West
- attracted to meditation and pacifism
British empire and trade
Translation of Buddhist texts
Henry David Thoreau in United States
aka Pali Canon - authoritive scripture of Theraveda Buddhists
3 parts - Vinaya Pitaka, Sutra Pitaka. Abdjarrna Pitaka
Scripture of the Mahayana Buddhism
Enlightenment is available not only to monastics but to all!
Vajrayana Buddhists texts from India and China.
Outline ritual acts of body, speech, and mind
Tibetan Book of the Dead
Used to incorporate manta and mandala into meditation.
The Five Precepts
Do not take anything not freely given.
Refrain from untrue or deceitful speech.
Abstain from sexual misconduct and sexual overindulgence.
Do not take the life of any living creature.
(Original Place of the Bodhi Tree)
Bodh Gaya, India
Wat Arun Temple
Places like Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
Also Pakistan and even Iran...
Buddhism was introduced to Southeast Asia via Sri Lanka
Prevalent and Malaysia and Indonesia
Thailand and Myanmar --> Theraveda
Vietnam --> Chinese influence, Mahayana
emergence of Japanese Zen Buddhism
mantras, rituals, and meditations to reach enlightenment.
leaders of monastic centers
leaders of monasteries in Tibet
code of monastic discipline for monks and nuns
discourses from Siddhartha Gautama
birth and Nirvana stories as well
Buddha's psychological teachings, not for lay people
The final teachings of Buddha
Tibetan Book of the Dead:
Writings on death, dying, and rebirth.
Kushinara Nirvana Temple