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Kate Willey

on 26 April 2018

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Transcript of Buddhism

Major Beliefs:
Human-centered religion - - the responsibility relies within the individual
History of Buddhism:
The Birth and Life of

Siddhartha Gautama
Sacred Times:
Offerings of gratitude to the Buddha for the Dharma (Buddha's teachings)
Recitation of the Three Jewels and the

Sacred Scriptures:
Sacred Places:
What to Expect:
Eight-Fold Path
Four Noble Truths
History of Buddhism
Sacred Scriptures
Sacred Times
Sacred Places
The Noble Eightfold Path
Four Noble Truths:
1. Life is filled with suffering.
2. The cause of suffering is desire.
3. To cease suffering, one must cease desiring.
4. The path to the end of suffering is the Noble Eightfold Path
1. Right Understanding
2. Right Thought
3. Right Speech
4. Right Conduct
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Effort
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration
mindfulness of breath
meditation of loving-kindness
mindful meditation
walking meditation
focus on self and others
"Breathing in, I calm my body.
Thich Nhat Hanh
Purpose: to become
Siddhartha Gautama
("Buddha") - the "Awakened One"
Belief in the Eight-fold Path
Belief in the Four Noble Truths
Breathing out, I smile.
Dwelling in this present moment.
I know this is a beautiful moment."
Major Beliefs:
Birth to Queen Maya
Four Sights:
Old crippled Man: Old Age
A diseased man: Illness
A decaying corpse: Death
Wandering holy man without possessions: Asceticism
The Bodhi Tree:
Siddhartha sougth answers to life's questions:
- especially suffering
Tempted by "Mara": Stealer of Wisdom
- thirst, lust, discontent, sensuality
Reached enlightenment
The Middle Way:
Four Noble Truths
Eightfold Path
The Sangha:
Based on the first monastic community - following Buddha

Now: Community of monks (Bhikkhus) and nuns (Bhikkhunis)
The Stupas:
Siddhartha was cremated and his RELICS were dived and distributed to the places he had traveled.
Stupas = dome-shaped monuments over relics of Suddhartha
Places of Buddhist pilgrimages
The Four
Hindu, warrior caste
At 16: married and had a son, Rahula
At 19:
Four Sights
, became ascetic
Enlightened by
Bodhi Tree
tempted by Stealer of Wisdom
Proclaimed the
Middle Way
to the
Died and entered Nirvana
relics: stupas
- monuments

in India and Beyond
Recitation and preservation of
Buddha's teachings
Addressed practices of "liberal" monks; considered unlawful.
Theraveda Buddhism
From the Sthavira (conservative) sect
Mahayana Buddhism
From the Mahasanghikas (liberal) sect
Allowed for lay participation
Buddha's teachings = Dharma
preserved Buddhism beyond India...
Buddhism in India:
Gupta Dynasty say a rise in Buddhism and Buddhist universities:
- trained missionaries
- school for monks
- Con: monks became elitist; alienated laity
Hun's Invasion: Buddhism nearly extinct
Only to revive itself after removal of Huns
Pala Dynasty (India): patrons of Buddhism
- monastic centers
- focus changed: China to Tibet
Nearly the end of Buddhism in India
Buddhism Beyond India:
Central Asia
Southeast Asia
Beginning of Common Era
Moved to Korea, then to Japan
Buddhism in Japan
Vajrayana Buddhism
Lamas --> Dalai Lama
Began to take hold in the West
- attracted to meditation and pacifism
Christian missionaries
British empire and trade
Translation of Buddhist texts
Henry David Thoreau in United States
aka Pali Canon - authoritive scripture of Theraveda Buddhists
3 parts - Vinaya Pitaka, Sutra Pitaka. Abdjarrna Pitaka
Scripture of the Mahayana Buddhism
Enlightenment is available not only to monastics but to all!
Vajrayana Buddhists texts from India and China.
Outline ritual acts of body, speech, and mind
Tibetan Book of the Dead
Used to incorporate manta and mandala into meditation.
Avoid intoxicants.
The Five Precepts
Do not take anything not freely given.
Refrain from untrue or deceitful speech.
Abstain from sexual misconduct and sexual overindulgence.
Do not take the life of any living creature.
Boudhanath Temple
Kathmandu, Nepal
Mahabodhi Temple
(Original Place of the Bodhi Tree)
Bodh Gaya, India
Wat Arun Temple
Bangkok, Thailand
Places like Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
Also Pakistan and even Iran...
Buddhism was introduced to Southeast Asia via Sri Lanka
Prevalent and Malaysia and Indonesia
Thailand and Myanmar --> Theraveda
Vietnam --> Chinese influence, Mahayana
emergence of Japanese Zen Buddhism
mantras, rituals, and meditations to reach enlightenment.
leaders of monastic centers
leaders of monasteries in Tibet
3 baskets
code of monastic discipline for monks and nuns
discourses from Siddhartha Gautama
birth and Nirvana stories as well
Buddha's psychological teachings, not for lay people
The final teachings of Buddha
Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Book of the Dead:
Writings on death, dying, and rebirth.
Discusses consciousness.
Kushinara Nirvana Temple
Kushinara, India
Lumbini Temple
Bangkok, Thailand
Full transcript