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Transcript of Progressive Era
Where are these poeple?
Urbanization and Immigration
Corporations and Labor
Who are these women?
These women are gathered in a group around a small "Women's Trade Union League" banner. The women pictured are all dressed alike as if they are in uniform for a company or an organization. History tells us that the Progressive Era was a time for many unions and reformations to launch their beginnings. Most people that joined such organizations were very passionate about their beliefs. With a mix of stern and happy expressions among the women, it is safe to infer that these women are joyful to support this cause, but they have not forgotten or undermined the severity of the cause they are fighitng for. These women were fighting for improved treatment of women in the workplace. Women had developed in society more so than any previous point in history, and they wanted this to be recognized.
"PHOTOS & ILLUSTRATIONS." Cornell University. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
"Detroit Publishing Company." Water Works Park, Detroit, Mich. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
"A Scene in the Ghetto, Hester Street." The Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
"Detroit Publishing Company." Lock and Drill Dept., National Cash Register, Dayton, O[hio]. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
"The History Place - Child Labor in America 1908-12: Lewis Hine Photos - The Mill." The History Place - Child Labor in America 1908-12: Lewis Hine Photos - The Mill. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
The men and women in this photograph are strolling on a large sidewalk with beautiful scenery all around them. At this time of population boom, we know that there were many parks being built and designed. By examining the beautiful landscaping, architecture, and natural aspects of this location, it could reasonably be assumed to be a park. Many people of this time also enjoyed taking a day to go outside and calm down. Parks provided citizens with an escape from the busy life that came with living in a large city. Since nature was viewed as a source of renewal during the Progressive Era, the people pictured were most likely seeking a time of renewal from thier jobs (their attire suggests they are businessmen or salesmen) with some friends or co-workers.
Why are there so many people here?
The enormous crowd of people gathered in this one small part of town suggests that these are citizens of a large American city. With such a large amount of people, large buildings, and various vendors scattered about on the street corners, we can assume that this is an urbanizing city of America. In the Progressive Era, the amount of large cities in America began a rapid ascent. Large cities, such as the one pictured, were destinations to which many immigrants flocked. Large cities provided opportunities for work, entertainment, and community for both American families and immigrant families. During the Progressive Era, these were things that were highly sought after by people all around the world. Both immigrants and native-born citizens of America desired a life that American cities offered them—a life of prosperity. With all of these reasons in mind, we can very well assume that this is a photograph of a rapidly populating city in America.
What are these children doing?
What are these women occupied with?
Judging by the looks of these children, we can guess that they are probably workers of the factory. With their focused looks and busy hands, it would be safe to say they are on the clock. It almost looks as if the machinery these children are working on is dangerous. Even with all of these spinning parts and moving pieces, it would not be out of the ordinary for children to be working in such (dangerous) conditions. During the Progressive Era, there weren't very many limitations for child labor. That is, until Woodrow Wilson passed a law that prohibited children to work more than six
eight-hour days in a week. For any additional time they worked, they were payed overtime. This law was put into place so that the recruiting of children for intensive, laborious tasks would be controlled. Since this picture must have been taken before then, it would be safe to conclude that these children were probably working on or fixing a certain piece of machinery in the factory where they were employed.
The women in this photograph appear to be very focused on the task they have at hand. The women appear to be working at their own individual stations. The looks of this establishment suggest that it is a factory, due to the fact that it is a large building with a lot of interior space and it is neatly laid out. These women almost appear to be working together in an assembly line. All of the women appear to be occupied with their own objective. There doesn't appear to be much conversation going on. We know that often times factory workers had a quota they had to meet within a certain period of time. We also know that women were often given the task of performing tedious work. The Progressive Era was a time of increased participation of women in society. Many women worked their way through a career by working as factory workers or seamstresses. Sometimes, these skills went hand in hand. We can gather that these women are most likely working to meet a quota of production in a factory. The product in mind is most likely some sort of cloth product considering the machinery appears to be some sort of sewing apparatus.