Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Chapter 38: Transformation and Crisis in the Contemporary World

No description

Hasika Sarathy

on 16 April 2010

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Chapter 38: Transformation and Crisis in the Contemporary World

Indian Democracy Maintained democratic and political stability
Nehru Overpopulation, sectarian violence
India 1960-1980 Indira Gandhi
Policies increased wealth of landowners
Lead to revolts, which lead to crackdowns
Assassinated 1984
did not return to normalcy until the 90's Policies in Latin America:
Argentina and Mexico U.S. intervened militarily
Revolution: 1910 – 1930s
Constitution of 1917: land and liberty
Mexican government owned subsoil and products
State has right to redistribute land
Reformist socialist laws
Guaranteed civil liberties
Lazero Cardenas State returned 45 million acres of land to peasants
Took control of Mexican oil wells away from foreigners
PRI: Institutional Revolutionary Party Experimented with economic strategies
PDR: Democratic Revolutionary Party
Argentina Reasonably expansive economy based on cattle raising and agriculture
Booming urban life
Beginnings of an industrial base
Growing middle class
Relatively independent of U.S. control
Gradual shift to free elections and sharing of political power
The end of the Apartheid F.W de Klerk –president of south Africa in 1989
Began to dismantle the apartheid system
Released Mandela from jail and became president in 1994
Democratic Republic
of the Congo Iranian Revolution CIA and Shah Mohammed Pallavi
Iran 1979
Islamic Revolution and Khomeini
Shi'ite violence
terrorism Iran/Iraq War
Saddam Hussein-1980
War til 1988
Kuwait Invasion-1990
Gulf War 1991 Muslim Revival and Arab Disunity Reasons for Arab Disunity
Range of governments (military dictatorships, monarchies, and Islamist revolutionary regimes)
Religious divisions (Sunni and Shi’ite Muslims)
Southwest Asia
Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973
These wars led to peace negotiations
Anwar Sadat replaced Nasser and led negotiations, after renouncing a friendship treaty with the Soviet Union, Sadat went to Israel, where he was assassinated by the Arab states and the Palestinian Liberation Organization
PLO became temporary government in exile for Palestinians, under Yasser Arafat
Rabin (prime minister of Israel) and Yasser signed peace treaties
Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist
What was the purpose of the Organization of African Unity?
a. Prevent conflicts that possibly lead to intervention by former colonial powers
b. distribute economic unity of the African Nations
c. political disputes of the boundaries were held in these headquarters.
d. promoted trade along all African nations

What is the significance of South Africa?
a. They were the first African nation that participated in international trade
b. one of the first of the nations that fell to military rule.
c. it is a model for multi-ethnic countries and their part to solve political crisis.
d. attempted to end the power that the natives held.

Which of the following is true both the Mexican and Iranian Revolution?
a. They were driven by a desire for return of religious traditions.
b. Civil War between opposing group resulted
c. Foreign control and influence were lessened
d. a democratic constitution was written
e. The prior leadership returned after a period of disorder

Following the Revolution of 1979, Iran became
a. closely allied with United States
b. Islamic theocracy
c. Ruled by Sunni majority
d. increasingly supportive of women's rights
e. increasingly tied to its neighbors. Mao's China reunified china ...first since Qing 1949- programs to accelerate development Great Leap Forward and Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution nicknamed "the Great Leap Backward" --FAIL COMPLETE DIASASTER :
ag. production
Mao blamed the sparrows and had millions killed by peasants Chapter 38 Juan Peron Aftermath of Decolonization Territorial problems and poverty were recognized by the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1963 & attempted to fix conflicts that could lead to foreign intervention
Unity was promoted but not achieved: Kwame Nakhruma- former pres. of Ghana, overthrown (1966)
Many nations have dictatorial one-party rule or militaristic rule
South Africa managed to solve some problems, model for other nations
Gained independence from Britain in 1910
Majority of pop. (blacks) underrepresented
Struggle against internal colonialism against oppressive white regime
Whites’ power came from strong economy: extraction of minerals and industrial development, esp. during WWII
Industrial develop. Led to more job opportunity for blacks: higher status, black activism, reform
1948: Afrikaner National Party came to power: apartheid
South Africa Apartheid Institutionalized racial segregation
Gov. designated 87% of South Africa territory for whites
Divided black and colored populations to prevent rise of unified liberation movements
Designed to keep blacks in P,S,&E subordination
African National Congress formed in 1912: Nelson Mandela, published Freedom Charter (1955) proclaiming ideal of multiracial democratic rule
Freedom Charter led to severe repression from whites
21 March 1960: Sharpeville, white police gunned down black protesters, new era of radical activism
Whites banned ANC & other orgs. and jailed their adherents
UN sanctions called for by freed nations: 1961 South Africa declared itself a Republic, leaving British Commonwealth
Massive black agitation & powerful antiapartheid boycott= reform
Who was Nelson Mandela?

What was the Afrikaner National Party? What did they do?

Activist/ leader involved with ANC, sentenced to life in prison in 1963, symbol of white oppression
Dedicated to quashing any move toward black independence, came to power in 1948, instituted apartheid laws in South Africa The End
Full transcript