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World Religions

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by

Carrie Fox

on 5 January 2014

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Transcript of World Religions

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
These are not all of the religions in the world but here are some!
Religions of the World
Where it began: India
Buddhism
Where it began: India
Hinduism
Beliefs:
There is only one God (monotheistic)
God is just and merciful
Jews are God's chosen people
Because God protects and cares for the Jews, they have a covenant (agreement) to behave as God wants

Judaism
When it began: About 2,000 years ago
Christianity
Islam
A group of people who share beliefs about why things are the way they are.


Often, religions gives rules and reasons for how to live.


Religions will often have specific ways of doing things called rituals that the people who follow that faith know about but others may not.

Customs are rules for how to live and rituals are rules for how to follow the religion.

Beliefs are the religions reasons why people should follow the rules, rituals, and customs of the religion.

There are many religions in the world. We will focus on the ones that have the most followers. These are Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
What is religion?
Sources
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/ataglance/glance.shtml
Where it began: Israel in Southwest Asia
When it began: 3500 years ago
Where it is popular now: Israel, United States, Canada
Most important texts:
The Torah and the Talmud
Customs:
Jews are to rest on the Sabbath (which is Saturday)
Jews have to follow eating rules that require food has to be prepared a certain way; this is called kosher.
They have many holidays including Yom Kippur and Passover
Usually, a Jewish person becomes an adult at the age of thirteen in a ceremony called Bat (or Bar) Mitvahs
Where it began: Israel
Where it is popular now: Everyone but especially Europe, North America, South America
There are three major denominations (or kinds) of Christianity: Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox
Christians believe
There is one god (the same one Jews believe in, actually)
Jesus is the son of God
Jesus died for humanity's sins
Jesus came alive again (resurrected)
Customs and Rituals
Important holidays are Easter and Christmas
Christians must behave according to the Ten Commandments
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/beliefs/whydidjesusdie_1.shtml
There are three main denominations of Judaism: Reformed, Conservative, and Orthodox
Important Text: The Bible
Where it Began: Saudi Arabia
When it began: About 1500 years ago; around 570 AD
Where it is popular now:
North Africa/ Southwest Asia; Indonesia, Pakistan, Africa SOS
There are two major denominations: Sunni and Shiite
Important Text: The Qu'ran
Muslims believe
There is one God called Allah (the same God Jews and Christians believe in, actually)
Muhammad, born in Saudi Arabia in 570 AD, is the last true prophet of God (Jesus was a prophet, too).
Muslims must follow the 5 Pillars of faith
Declaring one's faith
Giving money to charity
Praying 5 times a day
Fasting during Ramadan
Making the Hajj, or travelling to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, at least once if able
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/
When it began: Around 4000 years ago
Where it is popular now: India, Nepal
Important text: The Vedas
There are many, many different denominations of Hinduism
Hindus believe
in many gods (polytheistic)
everyone has an eternal soul
that soul can be reincarnated (born again in another being)
in karma, or the idea that the way one behaves affects what happens to them.
Hindus often
Meditate
Have a shrine (place to pray and worship) at home
go on pilgrimmages (travelling for religious purposes)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/
When it began: Around 2600 years ago
Where it is popular now: East and Southeast Asia
There are many different important writings and denominations Of Buddhism
Buddhists believe
There is no God
The point of our existence is to achieve enlightenment, or nirvana
Nirvana is kind of like total understanding and peace
Reincarnation and Karma
The way to achieve enlightenment is to follow the 8-fold path
Buddhists
follow the 8 fold path which guides ways of thinking and behavior
It includes meditation
It avoids extremes in behavior
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/
Photos
Image of Buddha
costaricantimes.net
Image of Hindu deity
http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/joephoto/joephoto1203/joephoto120300052/12579422-the-art-of-asian-statue-style-in-hinduism-doctrine.jpg
Image of Mecca
http://looklex.com/e.o/islam.htm
Image of the cross
http://counterjihadnews.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/cross-of-christ.jpg
Image of the Western Wall
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Western_wall_jerusalem_night.jpg
Full transcript