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Transcript of \Medicine
By Praise and Adiyam
Society generated to a much healthier and cleaner world.
* Vaccinations have developed to prevent diseases, flues and colds ( millions of people died back then nearly because there was no vaccination.
* As more sickness have worsened it gives us more education to come with better medicine treatments.
What carried these diseases?
There where hundreds of different types of diseases where some were curable, and others where not. The majority of these diseases where due to the lack of adequate sanitation (in other words places were not very cleansed and well-kept). Malaria was a deadly disease that was carried by mosquitoes that attacked the red blood cells which then tiny malaria worm eggs were laid and later hatched into the blood stream. Typhus was a disease during the time too which was carried by head lice. Many other diseases were problems as well, but the largest issue with curing and getting rid of them was keeping the sick person away from the unsanitary conditions to prevent infection. This was nearly impossible because there was not a clean place for sick people to go or stay while they were ill, so they either died because they were sick or they died because of a wound that got infected.
It's not a surprise plagues were the most dreaded disease of Shakespeare's time. They were carried by fleas living on the fur of rats, the plague swept through London from the time period of 1563-1603. The outbreaks in 1563 and 1603 were ferocious, wiping out over one third of London's population.
What types of medicine were there?
Elizabethan era people did not have the same medicine and treatments available as you and I. Their "cure" was simply a warm paste of butter, onion and garlic and etc. In fact many "cures" during this time were simple herb mixtures, meaning they didn't actually cure illness. Boiling oil during the renaissance was used for treating firearm wounds. Egg yolk and oil of roses were used to treat normal wounds. Vinegar was another common cure that was believed to clean wounds and kill disease and mint, wormwood and balm were used to heal stomach illness.
How did they treat Diseases and Minor Pains?
ore cinnas mercury
What were the medicines made of?
Head Pains were treated with sweet-smelling herbs such as rose, lavender, sage, and bay.
Stomach pains and sickness were treated with wormwood, mint, and balm.
There were no Antibiotics during the Middle Ages and it was almost impossible to cure illness and diseases without them. Medicines in the Middle Ages were made from herbs, spices and resins. The medicine was applied in drinks, pills, washes, baths, rubs, poultices, purges and ointments.
Leeches were thought to suck out bad blood.
Elizabethan Medicine was extremely basic in an era when terrible illnesses such as the Bubonic Plague were killing nearly one third of the population. The above picture is of an Elizabethan Physician. Just the sight of an Elizabethan Physician in his strange clothing, especially the weird mask, was enough to frighten anyone to death! But the Physicians clothes probably saved his life and prevented him contracting the illnesses and diseases of his patients such as the plague and typhoid.
The underlying cause of many of the Elizabethan illnesses was the lack of sanitation, especially in large towns or cities such as London. There were open sewers in the streets which were also filled with garbage. This was occasionally removed and waste was dumped into the nearest river such as the Thames. Diseases were easily spread in this unsanitary environment where fleas, lice and rats all flourished. There was no running water, this was obtained from water pumps ( a main cause of the spread of typhoid ).
Nowadays, Penicillin cures Typhoid disease
Typhoid is a bacterial disease that was transmitted by the intake of dirty food and water. This disease would give extreme pain to the intestines and even cause internal bleeding
Education level of doctors & hospital conditions:
During the renaissance, the level of education for doctors were not as comparable as today's high level of knowledge and education that the doctors have. The doctors had limited skills and understanding, meaning they had no idea what caused diseases and such sickness so, that was a main problem. Hospitals were much more used as homes for the aged and needy and there was no adequate health systems. For the doctors to get their training, they would go to the College of Physicians. This college was founded in 1518. To be given a license, a doctor was required to have a certificate saying they graduated from University. In 1565 this college was given the right to do dissections on human corpses. The bodies that were used were interestingly, the bodies of executed convicts and criminals. Doctors would often wear these outfits mentioned before, to protect them from breathing in the disease.