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The European Institutions

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Angelica Rankins

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of The European Institutions

Institutions of the EU European Commission European Court of Justice Ensures conformity of national and EU laws with treaties
Supreme legal authority of the EU
Final court of appeal on all EU laws
27 Judges
6 year renewable, staggered terms
Court of First Instance created in 1989 European Parliament "Co-Legislatures" with Council of Ministers
amends proposals from Commission with Council of Ministers
Suggests new laws and policies to the Commission
Represents interests of EU citizens
Only directly elected international legislature in the world
Supervisory Powers
review annual budget
can reject budget with 2/3 majority vote
support accession of new members
approve Commission president Council of Ministers "Co-legislatures" of the EU with Parliament
Key decision-maker
Government ministers from the member states
Committee of Permanent Representatives (Coreper)
Connects Brussels and member states
Motivated by national political interests European Council created in 1974
General "Agenda Setters"
no legislative function
Heads of Governments
Important force for integration Supranational Intergovernmental European Council cont. Meetings take place in Brussels, Belgium
At least 4 annual meetings, plus whenever necessary
More soft power than hard power
Typical discussion topics:
direction of integration
economic issues
foreign policy
budget disputes
treaty revisions
new member applications Evolution of the European Council Pre-Lisbon European Council Chair was the head of government of the member state holding presidency of the Council of Ministers
Meetings held in the chair's respective member state Post-Lisbon
Individual appointed by the heads of government
Term = 2 1/2 years, renewable once
Meetings take place in Brussels "Executive Branch"
Promote general interests of the EU
Members take oath renouncing any defense of national interest
General tasks
Powers of Initiation
Powers of implementation
Acting as the conscience of the EU
Management of EU finances
External Relations European Commission cont. College of Commission = 27 members
appointed by national governments
approved by European Parliament
Members serve 5 year terms
38 Directorates-generals (DGs)
President is the most powerful figure in the Commission
nominated by European Council
confirmed by European Parliament
5 years, renewable term (AKA: Coucil of the European Union) Council of Ministers cont.... Rotating presidency: not a person but a member state
Changes every 6 months
Proposals from Commission:
reviewed by Council as a whole or more specialized Council working parties
Coreper makes final changes
Votes either simple majority or QMV (voting rare)
Proposal can go back and forth with EP until decision is reached European Parliament cont. 736 Members
elected by universal suffrage by all eligible voters in the EU
5 year renewable terms
seats distributed based on population
President elected by Parliament
Has sole power to force resignation of College of Commissioners with 2/3 majority vote Evolution of European Parliament With initial development of ECSC (1952):
consultation procedure
Single European Act (1987):
cooperation procedure
Maastricht Treaty (1993):
codecision procedure
Treaty of Lisbon (2009):
ordinary legislative procedure
Full transcript