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The complexity of import/export operations

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by

Xingyu Lu

on 8 October 2014

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Transcript of The complexity of import/export operations

The complexity of import/export operations
Content
Background
Law & Language Problem
Transportation Mode
Shipping service
Compare with Domestic Trade
Background of Toyota
Content
Incoterms
Terms of Payment
Transportation Risks
Documentation
Conclusion
References
-Japan Biggest Car Company
-Founded in 1937
-14th-largest Company in the World by Revenue
-Toyota, Daihatsu,Lexus
Law & Language Problem
Transportation Mode
-Highway transportation
-Water transportation
-Rail transportation
The Toyota Way of Water Transportation
Toyota's Shipping Service
Toyota’s difficulties in international transport compared with domestic
Lu Xingyu
Liu Zhao
Seo WonYoung
Chen Jianwen
RO-RO ship: this is the most economical mode of transportation
It is easy to loading and unloading, large volume, low cost etc.
-Is usually adopted shipping liner service.
-Which is the most used by the container for transportation
-The high cost of transportation
-Longer time than domestic trade
-The goods will take more risk
Incoterms
FCA (Free Carrier)
(International Commercial Terms)
Letter of Credit (L/C)
prove the seller has performed the duties
Documentary Collection
the exporter prepares a bill of exchange
Documentations
Proper freight documentation is significant in international commerce
Electronic Documents
Toyota Industries of North America (TINA) makes paper documents disappear
Conclusions
International Trade complexity, costs and risks
-Export duties, licenses, tariff, regulations, security
-Languages, time, cost, competition
ARC Advisory Group: Technology Research for Industry
35 documents across 25 parties complying with over 600 regulations and more than 500 trade agreements
Real-world case
Japan's export dims on Toyota recall
Toyota, unfairly aided by currency manipulation
Trade barriers, tariffs, language problem.
References
1.http://www.toyota.com/

2.http://www.docin.com/p-578613147.html

3.http://www.scdigest.com/Assets/Experts/Guest_Bluemner_08-06-09.php?cid=1729

4.http://online.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748704454304575082332223894548
Example:
Ship to Middle East, low trade barriers and tariffs.
Thanks for Listening!
Full transcript