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The great Depression

Research Project Part 4

Meredith Lazatin

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of The great Depression

California The Stocks Markets and Unemployment: Nevada Washington Oregon Idaho Montana Wyoming Utah Colorado Arizona Mexico North
Dakota South
Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Wisconsin Illinois Missouri Arkansas Indiana Michigan Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Mississippi Louisiana Alabama Georgia Flordia W. Virginia Virginia N. Carolina S. Carolina Pennsylvania Maine Delaware New Jersey Conneticut Vermont New Hampshire Massachusetts Canadá Alaska Greenland China Australia UNITED STATES
(NORTH AMERICA) Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Arctic Ocean Indian Ocean October 1929, started a great catastrophic collapse of stock market prices.
Both a time of unemployment and poverty.
A period of increased government involvement in the economy.
FDR was elected, the city would benefit from the Works Progress Administration, which helped the unemployed find some way to civilization.
Spring of 1933, FDR took the oath of office, unemployment had risen from 8 to 15 million.
FDR, governor of New York, worked with Harry Hopkins and Frances Perkins to begin a direct work relief program. The Great Depression By: Meredith Lazatin
Block: 1
English 11 Honors
January 22,2013 My Research Project on: New York Thesis Statement: Many events led to and were caused by the great depression, such as the crash of the stock markets, farming areas suffering as crops are failing to sell, and authors like John Steinbeck. Conclusion slide: Works Cited Crowd of people at the intersection of Wall and Broad Street after the stock markets crashed in 1929. Works Progress Administration employed 2-3 million unemployed at unskilled labor. Outside of the U.S bank in New York after the failure in stocks in 1931. A family traveling by foot to civilization after loosing their home with all their possessions. A dust storm approaches Stratford, Texas, in 1935. A truck filled with the belongings of a family, whose farm land has been teared down and taken away from them so they hit the road in search for some civilization. Front of a land farm with a sign saying to evacuate so that they can tear it down, it has happened for tons of lands starting when stock prices were failing. Unemployed men queued outside a depression soup kitchen opened in Chicago in 1931. The unemployment rate in the US 1910–1960, in the time of the Great Depression (1929–1939) highlighted. The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding into World War II. The originating place of the depression happened in the U.S just right after the falling of the stock markets began on September 4, 1929. After a month of the outbreak spreading worldwide, the stock markets collapsed on October 29, 1929 known as Black Tuesday. People:
Ernest Hemingway: freely used the people and places he encountered in his literary works; Key Westerns appeared novel "To Have and Have Not," about Key West during the Great Depression.
Langston Hughes: wrote these simple poems in 1930, as the Great Depression loomed in America. By the end of 1933, in the depths of the crisis, he had composed some pieces include "Good Morning Revolution" but above all, "Goodbye Christ."
John Steinbeck: A period of struggle for citizens across the US of America. Plus, to describing life in the distressing period, also wrote about immigrants and their hope to revive their lives in America in his books like "The Grapes of Wrath" and "Of Mice and Men".
Herbert Hoover: started numerous programs, all of which failed to reverse the downturn.
FDR: Quarter by quarter the economy went downhill, as prices, profits and employment fell, leading to the political realignment in 1932 that brought to power. Places:
Australia: Falling export demand prices placed massive downward pressures on wages. Further, unemployment reached a record high of 29% in 1932. After 1932, an increase in wool and meat prices led to a gradual recovery.
France: Hardship and unemployment were high enough to lead to rioting. But the damage done there were much less than what happened to Germany.
Japan: Didn't get strongly effected, the economy shrank by 8% during 1929–31. So soon in 1933, Japan was already out of the depression.
U.K: About 200,000 unemployed men were sent to the work camps, which continued in operation until 1939.By the end of 1930 unemployment had more than doubled from 1 million to 2.5 million and exports had fallen in value by 50%.
Latin America: Due to the high levels of investment, it was severely damaged especially within the regions of Chile, Peru, and Bolivia. It was triggered by a sudden crash of the American stock market on October 29, a day widely known as Black Tuesday.
After the Wall Street crash in New York in 1929, John D. Rockefeller said that, "These are days when many are discouraged. In the 93 years of my life, depressions have come and gone."
Prosperity has always returned and will again.
President Herbert Hoover started numerous programs, all of which failed to reverse the downturn. How it all got Started: How It All Ended: (1929-1941) By 1937, unemployment in Britain had fallen to 1.5 million.
Mobilization of manpower following the outbreak in 1939 ended unemployment.
WWII accelerated the recovery from the Great Depression from many economists (even though it did not play a very large role in the recovery, it still helped.)
With the World War there were jobs for people, and when there were jobs there were money.
US's entry into the war in 1941, it also finally eliminated the last effects from the Great Depression. What Events and Actions? In conclusion, the time of the Great Depression was one of the most devastating periods of history. With the losses of the lives, homes, lands and precious possessions, many people have managed to cope with all catastrophes and survive though that time to tell their story, people like John Steinbeck. In the end, Roosevelt is elected to a third term in 1940, and the U.S. prepares to enter World War I in 1941. With increased industry, America begins to pull out of depression. The crisis deepened following the Depression, forcing the country to almost default on its public debt payments in 1931 and to ultimately abandon self-government in 1934.
government spending on the railway and WW1 accounted for approximately two thirds of Newfoundland and Labrador’s $80-million national debt.
$43 million; by 1929, that number had almost doubled.
The fishery suffered particularly heavy losses for not selling for $8.90 a quintal in 1929 fetched only half that amount by 1932.
The government, had little money to spend on social services or other programs which could help the public withstand the depression against unemployment. Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage, Memorial University of Newfoundland and the C.R.B Foundation. 1997. Website. < http://www.heritage.nf.ca/home.html > January 16, 2013
The Archives. Article, The Great Depression. Published July 19 ,1932. http://www.archives.com/genealogy/newspaper-genealogy-great-depression.html .January 20,2013
New York, NY. Hard Times: An Oral History of Great Depression. Book. Published 1970. January 20,2013
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