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Transcript of Homosexuality
Laws against them in work force
Organization's like Mattachine Society and Daughters of Bilitis to help raise political awareness. 1950- President Eisenhower signs Executive Order 10450 ordering the dismissal of government workers guilty of “sexual perversion”. 1964- The first gay rights demonstration is held outside an Armed forces recruiting station in NYC. 1965-Members of the East Coast Homophile Organization picket the White House and other government buildings to protest antigay discrimination. 1961- Popular drag queen entertainer Jose Sarria is the first openly gay person to run for political office in the U.S. As a candidate for San Francisco’s Board of Supervisors, he receives over 6,000 votes. 1960's Stonewall Riots 1969
Kick started whole new era of gay activism, more radical
Challenged federal gov't 1979- The first national March on Washington for Gay and Lesbian Rights draws over 100,000 people to the nation’s capital. Similar and larger marches are held in 1987, 1993, and 2000. 1974-Elaine Noble becomes the first openly gay person to be elected to a state legislature, in Boston, Mass. 1971- Frank Kameny is the first openly gay person to run for Congress. 1970's Gay Pride marches
First openly gay person to be elected to a state legislature
Harvey Milk 1987- ACT UP is organized in NYC to protest national inactivity of the AIDS crisis. 1986- In Bowers v. Hardwick the U.S. Supreme Court upholds the right of states to criminalize private same-sex acts. This decision is an important defeat for sexual privacy rights. 1981- Wisconsin becomes the first state to pass comprehensive gay rights law. 1980's AIDS
NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt 1996- The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is passed by both houses of Congress. It restricts the legal definition of marriage to that between a male and a female. 1990- Congress amends U.S. law to drop exclusion of gay immigrants. 1990-A Hate Crimes Act is passed by Congress, and signed by President George H.W. Bush. It provides for federal penalties for crimes on prejudice, including those based on a victim’s sexual orientation. 1990's Don't ask don't tell.
12,000 servicemen booted 2003- Lawrence v. Texas overturned state sodomy laws. 2009- Salt Lake City, Utah passed an ordinance prohibiting discrimination against gays and lesbians in employment and housing. 2000- The Vermont legislature passes a law approving “civil unions” for same-sex couples, a move that grants more rights to same-sex couples but stops short of legalizing same-sex marriage in that state. 2000-2010 Massachusetts first state to legalize same-sex marriage
Same-sex marraige legalized in Washington D.C.