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-a person/group of people standing outside a place of work or other venue, protesting about something.
subsist |sbsist| verb
-maintain or support oneself, esp. at a minimal level
..."The picket dragged on, with the strikers and their families subsisting on funds raised by student, labor and civic-spirited elements."
interloper |intrlōpr, intrlōpr| noun
-a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong.
"...he avoided as much as possible all contact with the interloper."
reconnoiter |rēknoitr, rek-| verb
-make a military observation of (a region)
..."He set about reconnoitering the area, to get the feel of it…"
dilapidated |dilapidātid| adjective-(of a building or object) in a state of disrepair or ruin as a result of age or neglect.
..."A dilapidated ice cream pushcart stood at one end of the corner" garrulous |gar(y)ls| adjective
-excessively talkative, esp. on trivial matters
..."colleagues, who had never seen him this garrulous before."
epithet |epTHet| noun
-an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned
..."But the epithet carried no conviction,"
derision |diriZHn| noun
-contemptuous ridicule or mockery
mirthless |mrTHls| adjective
(of a smile or laugh) lacking real amusement and typically expressing irony
...The boys laughed in derision, and gave out a mirthless kind of cheer." -born on 1941 in Ermita, Manila
-fictionist, art historian and an essayist
-graduated from Ateneo de Manila in 1965 from Univeristy of Santo Tomas from 1959
-most respected critic in Manila and a journalist from Philippine Daily Inquirer
A Journey Through The Enchanted Isles
The Manila I Knew: Stories
Red Roses For Rebo
Tropical Splendor Amadis Maria Guerrero His short story Children of the City, published in 1974, is a departure from his usual style. It was acknowledged and won third price in the 1971 Palanca Awards . untoward |ntôrd, -t()wôrd| adjective
-unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient
..."But nothing untoward happened."
consternation |knstrnen| noun
-a sudden, alarming amazement or dread that results in utter confusion; dismay.
..."the night circulation people looked around in consternation"
pall |pl| noun
-anything that covers, shrouds, or overspreads, especially with darkness or gloom.
...A mood of foreboding descended upon him, like a pall.
brim |brim| verb
-to fill to the upper edge of anything hollow; rim; brink: the brim of a cup. "...and brimming over with enthusiasm for the cause."
throng |thrawng| noun
-a multitude of people crowded or assembled together; crowd.
... stood out from among the throng." Group Members: Alfiler, Lorraine
Mallillin, Clifford Nantes, Derrick
Zabat, Isabelle Characters: by. Amadis Ma. Guerrero - The controlling forces are society and the surrounding environment.
-Situations and settings take away the free will of the characters.
- It resembles Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” theory What is naturalistic fiction? They are trapped by social, economic, emotional, or environmental forces, even though they may want things to be different. the strong and fortunate survive and thrive; the weak become victims of their environments and circumstances.
- Victor lost his father when he was as 8 years old
- deprived of a mother who had an affair
- experienced how cruel the world is at a young age
- learned how to curse bad words and smoke cigarette
- found himself alone and sometimes bullied in the dangerous streets of Avenida
- lost the chance of having a bright future when his father died
- experienced how mean the city is
- millionaire politicians received Holy Communion every Sunday
- mothers taught their sons and daughters the art of begging
- orphans and children from broken homes slept on pavements and under darkened bridges Why is the story a naturalistic fiction? (because of a fight for a cause) (with a man completely different with his father ) (by working as a newspaper boy) (because he was influenced by a group of unmannered teenagers) (so he had to sacrifice his childhood) (workers were made to sign statements certifying they received minimum wage) Theme Misfortune at a Young Age The story is about a young boy who started his misfortunes at a young age. The fortunate ones only experience the true hardships in life after they graduate from college and start to earn money on their own. Since birth they have been supported by their parents. Unlike Victor in the story, when his father died, he had to quit school and start working as a newspaper boy. Many children experience that, they are the less fortunate ones. Even if we admit it or not, we find those dirty-looking kids, who keep on poking as begging for money or trying to make us buy whatever they are selling, disagreeable. We usually think, “Where are the parents of these kids? If they want to have children, they should make sure they can take care of them properly.” or other thoughts like that. We don’t know their story. Some of them, like Victor, may not have a parent to take care of them. They have to work for money just to survive. Some of us are really fortunate that when we were just kids, the biggest problem we could have is when our mothers give us the food we just don’t like eating. Victor had to work all day just so he could have enough money to have something to eat. He saw how hard it really is to live at a young age. He was just a kid. He was culture-shocked how the other boys behave. Even his father didn’t usually curse. He had to adapt the changes in his environment all by himself. His father was gone and his mother is in some place with a man who is nothing like his father. It is difficult to ask a little boy to look out for himself in world of chaos. thank you! This story happened in the late 1980’s. Everything occurred in the dark and dangerous busy streets of Manila. -A boy living in Intramuros
-At the age of eight, he loses his father and his mother deserts him for some other man. His uncle hired him as a newsboy on the streets. Innocent and young, he ponders on the menace and vices of the people all around him. Victor -A kind man and a loving father to Victor
-He was a part of a worker’s strike. The man loved his son very much and his death affected Victor a lot. Victor's Dad -She loved her husband but never cared nor felt any affection for her son.
-She took her companion’s death grievously. Later on, she ignores Victor, becomes a prostitute, then leaves him to his Uncle to go away with her new lover. Victor's Mom Victor’s uncle, he adopted victor after the departure of his sister. He forces victor to become a newspaper boy. Tio Pedring -He is also a newspaper boy.
-He was victor’s new friend. Though full of cruel vices, Victor took his death as another major loss. Nacio SUMMARY MORAL LESSON The story showed how cruel the world is.
"... And Victor, swirled the life of the city: this city, flushed with triumphant charity campaigns, where workers were made to sign statements certifying they received minimum wage, where millionaire politicians received Holy Communion every Sunday, where mothers taught their sons and daughters the art of begging, where orphans and children from broken homes slept on pavements and under darkened bridges, and where best friends fell out and betrayed one another."
It is true; the world is mean. People become who they are not because of the way fate acts upon their lives but because of the people surrounding them. The poor feed on the wastes that the rich refuse. The rich live off the poverty that the people in the streets carry with them.
The story exhibits the fact that everything that happens to us depends on ourselves and our decisions. Occurrences take place because of the choices in life that we make. Even the way we deal with it is a choice – we either find the good (in them) to help us become better persons or the evil to worsen the sufferings this hell hole has to offer. Children of the City is about a boy named Victor who experience numerous challenges at a very young age. The story shows the way of living of the poor. It presents the factors and occurrences that affect a typical Filipino child’s life.
The selection started by showing how Victor’s family lived. It showed how close and loving his father is. The father was involved in a worker’s strike but he shows no signs of suffering to Victor. He pretends as if nothing was wrong was happening. Even though he’s poor, he teaches Victor to stay positive and to avoid all the evils this life has to offer. Victor’s life has been normal until his father was shot during the strike. The death of his father had a great effect on the whole family – especially to his mom. His mother neglected all her responsibilities and refused to take care of Victor. She was too affected by the loss and used her own body to cope with the situation. She then becomes a prostitute and leaves Victor to her brother, Uncle Pedring. Victor was forced by his Uncle Pedring to work as a newspaper boy. He was able to interact with other kids through this job; Nacio was one of them. He taught Victor various tricks on surviving their work and the streets as well. They became close friends soon after.
Life has been good to Victor since then. His job prospered to the point that he was given a ration of 20 newspapers per day. It was all good until another tragedy happened – Nacio was hit by a car and died. Victor grieved in the same way he did when his father died. He was too affected by his friend’s death and was beaten by other street children. His colleages forced him to smoke and to curse. He was defiant and refused every offer at first. He grew tired of being abused by other children and gave in after sometime.