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Drugs in sport

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by

Lewis Murray

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Drugs in sport

Drugs in sport
Ethical Issues of Drug use
For
1- Even Playing Ground
• Promoting Unfair advantage between athletes.
• Leading to competition between drugs instead of genuine hard work
Against
• Uneven playing fields equally created via:
1. individual genetics
2. access to correct foot nutrition
3. access to financial support


implications of allowing open drugs
Highly dangerous doping methods would still be banned
Possible life inhibiting health damage on athletes
An establishment of complex international drug bodies to organize the participation of nations to be involved
Grass roots athletes would suffer from the the pressure of having to use performance enhancing drugs as a necessity to be succesfull
Establishment of drug control measures
The inception of WADA on 4th decemeber, 1999 through the "“Lausanne deceleration of doping in sport”
Concerns for fair play and athlete health led to the inception of these agencies
In Australia, a change to the law on the 14th of March 2006 restructured the previous organization Australian sports drug agency (ASDA) to the Australian sports anti doping authority (ASADA).
Athlete Safety and health precautions in relation to consuming performance-enhancing supplements.

For:
Professional medical supervision


Against:

Infancy of testing that has been conducted on performance enhancing drugs.

Legal supplementation exists and is safe to consume.

Influence legalizing has on grass root levels.
By Ben, Matt, Kieren and Lewis
"Health" ranking across gender, education, sports participation and sports following.
J. Mazanov et al. / Journal of Science and Medicine
in Sport 15 (2012) 381 - 385
Advantages of Supervised drug use
The tortoise and the hair effect would still occur as new dangerous methods will always be developed

2- Self Harm
For
• Health risks outweigh rewards
• The commercialization of sport coerces others to take the same moral health risk
Against
• Medially researched substances administered by accredited specialists
• 18+ years competent to assess benefits and risks.
Against
Sending the wrong message to our youth
• Drugs are the only way to guarantee success
For
• Need to educate our youth in similar fashion to:
1. Young gymnasts are developed
2. resistant training is introduced to the youth.

4-Coercion
Against
• Self/club coercion
• Competitive coercion
For
• Duty of care
• Increase weight program/ money.

Question
Discuss this proposition: "The fight against doping in sport is costly and largely ineffective. We would be better off adopting a harm minimization model (i.e. Julian Savulescu) with athletes using substances under the supervision of medical specialists". Explain why you agree or disagree with this proposition, ensuring that you engage with opposing views in the literature.
Harm minimization
• “ the health of the athlete must be the top priority and should not be forfeited for the sake or ease of bureaucracy” (medical supervision)

condemned to cheating
• It is seen at all levels of competition, both among amateurs and professionals, and in all sports- even the most unexpected from cycling to billiards (snooker)
• lure of success more important than chance of being caught, due to small penalties
• performance enhancing drugs are much more effective today then the past, such as sheep testicles too EPO (erythropoietin)
• mimic natural processes
• AFL essedon scandal, NRL player investigation and Ben Johnson 100m sprinter are only a few of many famous cases of doping in sport.
Cost figures
• WADA budget amounted to 21 million in 2004 and 24 million in 2006 sourced equally from the Olympic movement and the governments of the world
• In 2007/2008 the government allocated $13.2 million to ASADA to enable
• 8000 athletes to attend education sessions
• 7000 blood and urine tests across 73 sports
• 64 doping allegations resulting in 27 countries
cost
• Gold medal for an Australian in the Athens Olympics cost around $32 million
• A high performance training equipment called a hypoxic air machine and tent costs around US$7000
• Performance enhancing drug EPO (erythropoietin) units would cost a 100kg man US$122 a month, to provide the same benefits.
Disadvantages of Open Drug use

Reference List
Full transcript