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Canadian Contribution to Medical and Scientific Innovation

Learn Hhow men like Norman Bethune, Sir Frederick banting and Dr. Charles Best
by

Aaron Neil

on 20 December 2011

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Transcript of Canadian Contribution to Medical and Scientific Innovation

Dr. Henry Norman Bethune
Thesis
Canadian Contributions to Medical and Scientific Innovation
"Three groups of Canadian men not only made a positive impact on Canadian medicine, but one that resonated throughout the international medical community"
Contributors
(Henry) Norman Bethune
- Mobile Blood Transfusion, Developement of thoracic surgery, and pushed for healthcare reform
Sir Frederick Banting (and Charles Best)
- Discovered a formula for insulin, became first professor of Medical Research, aided in development of silicosis prevention and the g-suit
Ernest McCulloch & James Till
- Discovered Stem Cells
Introduction
Contribututions
Healthcare
Reform
Would often barter with patients for healthcare or provide it at no cost
Opened a free Clinic in 1934
Headed The Montreal Group for the Security of Peoples Health in 1936
Tommy Douglas
Norman Bethune Contributed to the Political Ideology of Tommy Douglas: Father of Medicare
Thoracic Surgical Techniques
ENHANCED THE PNEUMOTHORAX TREATMENT USED TO TREAT TUBERCULOSIS
Invented and Redesigned 12 surgical tools and techniques between 1929-1936
Performed the first Pneumonectomy in Canada on a 10 year old girl
Was noted for unconventional techniques
The Bethune Rib Shears
International AID Efforts
SPAIN
China
In October 1936 he Joined the Spanish Civil War as a Medic and Pioneered Mobile Blood Transfusion
Established the Canadiense de Transfusion de Sangre (Canadian Blood Transfusion Service)
MOBILE BLOOD TRANSFUSION
Royal Victoria Hospital
Hopital du Sacre Coeur
Brought Healthcare to Civilians in areas too remote to recieve it
Trained Doctors and Nurses in surgical technique
Built a hospital
Invented a portable operating theatre
Statue In China Commemorating Bethunes Work
Sir Frederick BANTING
1920
1940
Contributions
1930
1925
1935
and Charles Best
Discovery of the Insulin FORMULA
resulted from the collaborative efforts of Banting, Charles Best, J.B. Collip and J.J.R. Macleod
Extract of Insulin was produced from the pancreases of dogs and calves
First recieved by a diabetic boy at Toronto General Hospital
Collip lost the formula for Insulin extract which was reperfected by Charles Best
Banting used the formula to continue treatment at a military hospital in Toronto
January 23, 1922
1923
Banting is awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine shared by J.J.R. Macleod
He becomes the first ever professor of Medical research in Canada
Banting facilitates further research into other scientific perplexities
Research facilities are built at the University of Toronto in homour of he and Best's discovery
The Banting & Best Institute
1937
Banting's Successes
Silicosis Breakthrough
1928
SILICOSIS RESEARCH INITIATIVE
Bantings department begins research on Silicosis prevention in Miners
Researchers collaborating with Bantings department discover a prevention method using Aluminum dust
This method eventually is used worldwide
1940
The G-suit (antigarvity suit) is developed by researcher Wilbur Franks
The suit was used to prevent black outs in airplane pilots
Banting and his deparmtnet facilitated much of the research
THE G-SUIT
Ernest McCulloch and James Till
The Fathers of Stem Cell Research
The STEM CELL Discovery
Till and McCulloch began working together at Princess Margaret Hospital in 1957
Both BEGAN a series of Experiments in the 1960's involving irradiated Mice
They would inject the mice with Bone Marrow after the mice were irradiated
In 1963, clumps were discovered within the spleen of the mice
This was the first evidence ever acquired of proliferative cells (stem cells)
Contributions of Stem Cell Discovery
Hemaetology
Led to the study of stem cells which produce BLOOD CELLS
Bone marrow Transplants became more widely used after the 1950's
Lukememia patients now benefit from Bone Marrow Transplants
Stem Cell Therapeutic Application
In 1998 the first culture of human embryonic Stem cells was produced
Both moral and technical issues surrounded the use of embryonic stem cells
Human IPS cells were first developed in 2007
Cells may eventually be used to generate entire organs and treat other neurological disorders
Conclusion
Candians have contributed significantly to Medical science as exemplified through:

1. (Henry) Norman Bethune - Mobile Blood Transfusion, Developement of thoracic surgery, and pushed for healthcare reform

2. Sir Frederick Banting (and Charles Best) - Discovered a formula for insulin, became first professor of Medical Research, aided in development of silicosis prevention and the g-suit

3.Ernest McCulloch & James Till - Discovered Stem Cells
THE END
Full transcript