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Eveline

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by

Haley Archer

on 27 February 2013

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Transcript of Eveline

Author and Background James Joyce wrote many short stories that he included in a book called Dubliners. All the stories were set in Dublin, Ireland. Most were set in the northern part of the city where he was from and reflected the negativity he found from living in this area. Like many of the other stories, "Eveline" includes a family in the middle, or working, class. Many of these short stories also portrayed a bad view of religion and Catholicism because of the strict nature Joyce was accustomed to as a young man. Setting The setting is important because the author uses a poorer part of Dublin where he grew up. Joyce uses this to stress the reason for Eveline to escape her home. This just puts more emphasis on why she should leave. Characters Eveline: round, dynamic

Frank: flat, static

Eveline's Father: round, static "Eveline" Page 442 Summary Eveline, the main character in the story, has multiple jobs in order to support herself and her alcoholic father. Her mother died years ago, yet she is still being a "dutiful daughter" and taking care of her abusive father. Naturally, she wishes to escape Dublin and her unstable household, but she struggles with leaving her father because of a promise she vowed to her mother. Her brother no longer lives at home, so she feels less obligation to stay. One day she is determined to leave, so she waits for her lover, Frank, to arrive and board the ship with her. Their plan is to elope to Argentina. In the end, Eveline pulls away from Frank and resists the temptation to leave. Conflict One conflict is the internal struggle with Eveline's decision to leave or not. She wrestles with herself because she made a promise to her mother that she would keep up the household after her mother died. In the end, she does not leave her father for Frank, her lover. Instead, she chooses to honor her mother's dying request.
Another conflict is that between Eveline's father and Frank. From the very first time they meet, Eveline's father despises Frank. It is obvious by the disrespectful manner in which he speaks to and treats Frank. One can assume that her father is just taking the protective role, and he is scared that he might lose what support system he does have through Eveline if they get too close.
Allegorical Meaning The meaning behind this story is that it could always be worse. In the end, Eveline decides to stay after having multiple pleasant memories. For example, she remembered a time where her father was being nice to her and helping her when she was sick. This made her realize that she did not have as bad a life as she had made it out to be. She realized that her father was not a complete jerk all of the time, so this gave her hope that her life was not as awful as it could be. Themes The Prison of Routine: Eveline was stuck in the routine of constantly working and caring for her father. She was not happy doing this which made her feel like a prisoner to her life.
The Desire for Escape: Most of Joyce's Dubliners contain this theme. Eveline wants to escape her life because of her bad circumstances. Symbols Windows: These symbolized the anticipation of the events. In the story, Eveline looks out the window as she reflects on her decision to leave Dublin.
Dusk and Nighttime: Joyce used darkness in her short works to symbolize the negative aspect of the setting. It is another hint that Joyce was not thrilled to live in the part of Dublin that he did. In "Eveline," Joyce used this to symbolize whatever decision Eveline would make. Motifs The main motif in "Eveline" was her epiphany at the very end. Eveline has a revelation at the end when she realizes that her life is not so bad. Joyce uses the flashback tool to show the reader a time when Eveline's father cared for her when she was sick. This is what sparks Eveline's epiphany. Point Of View This short story is written in third person point of view. Joyce wrote all of his other stories in first person, but "Eveline" is not as limited and suggests concepts of a women's common obstacles during this time period.
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