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Transcript of Aquaponics
Other Types of Gardening
Really Great Plans for Gardens
Growing without a lot of
Real Life Examples
Square Foot Gardening
We can save money and recources by using alternative recycled products to build a self sustaining ecosystem we can use to grow produce and harvest food.
a sustainable food production system that combines a traditional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment.
Fish are used to add nutrients to the water so that the plants can effectively grow, removing the cost for non organic fertilizers, and creating a sustainable ecosystem
Fish species that are most commonly used are tilapia, koi, and even goldfish!
Plants grown in a aquponic enviroment will produce lots of fruit, absorb the nutrients the fish produce, and clean the water for the fish, making less water needed to grow more fruits and veggies.
As a result, aquaponics uses approximately 2% of the water that a conventionally irrigated farm requires for the same vegetable production
A Recap On How Aquaponics Works
Aquaponics recirculates water from a fish tank through a vegetable grow bed. Nutrients from the fish waste feed the plants, and the plants filter the water to keep the fish healthy.
Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in an inert medium, such as perlite, gravel, mineral wool, expanded clay or coconut husk.
Though Hydroponics looks easy, any nutrient imbalance will kill all of the plants, and costs a lot of money for the nutrients.
square foot gardening is the practice of planning and creating small but intensively planted gardens. The practice combines concepts from other organic gardening methods, including a strong focus on compost, densely planted raised beds and biointensive attention to a small, clearly defined area.
We will use square foot gardening methods to grow a lot of food in a small amount of space.
Many food production systems today use pesticides that kill beneficial bugs, herbicides, and use a monoculture system to produce food low in nutrients, and high in GMOs or Genetically Modified Organisms
Supplementing, or even entirely substituting your own, home-grown fish food can be personally satisfying, save money, and further decrease the environmental footprint of your aquaponics system by further closing the input loop.
This fast growing aquatic plant doubles in mass every day when in its ideal environment. In addition, duckweed is over 40% protein (more than soybeans) and efficiently removes contaminants from and adds oxygen to the water.
This is a fantastic option to feed fish, and can also be grown as a crop for human consumption.
Earthworms, sludge worms, bloodworms, and composting red worms (AKA red wrigglers) all make excellent fish food. The challenge is to grow enough of them to be more than an occasional, although probably very appreciated, treat for your fish
The Dervaes Family
Black Soilder Flies
The Black Soldier Fly is considered a native of North America, and can be found in many parts of the United States. It is exceptionally active in the southeastern U.S. from April to November. Their grubs are considered beneficial scavengers in nature, and help to digest and recycle decomposing organic material including carrion, manure, fruits, and decaying plant waste.
While the mature fly has a short lifespan of only 5 – 8 days, the female can lay over 900 eggs. Those eggs hatch in about 100 hours and, if conditions are right, will mature in 2 – 4 weeks. During this stage, the larvae make excellent fish food, as well as robust compost consumers
Surrounded by urban sprawl and just a short distance from a freeway, the Urban Homestead project is a family operated and highly productive city farm. It is also a successful, real-life working model for sustainable agriculture and eco living in urban areas and has been featured in multiple news medias both nationally and internationally
This organic backyard farm uses square foot gardening tequniques and produces 6 tons of organic food annually from our 1/10 acre garden while incorporating many back-to-basics practices, solar energy and biodiesel in order to reduce their footprint on the earth’s resources
The Garden Pool Project
Garden Pool started as one family’s blog to document converting an old backyard swimming pool in to a closed-loop food-producing urban greenhouse and has evolved in to a non-profit organization.
The GP (short for Garden Pool) was a one of a kind creation invented by Dennis McClung in October of 2009. It is truly a miniature self-sufficient ecosystem, which produces tilapia and organic produce.
This is a aquaponic greenhouse in hong kong that uses organic methods of produce
Think of 3 ways to recycle objects or find an alternate solution to a greenhouse building project.
6 gallons of water to 1 pound of fish produced
Grow Bed sq ft…….Fish Tank Gallons….Media Gallons…….Pounds of Fish
In My Garden I Grow:
*Young, pampered seedlings that were grown either indoors or in a greenhouse will need a period to adjust and acclimate to outdoor conditions, prior to planting in the garden. This transition period is called "hardening off". Hardening off gradually exposes the tender plants to wind, sun and rain and toughens them up by thickening the cuticle on the leaves so that the leaves lose less water. This helps prevent transplant shock; seedlings that languish, become stunted or die from sudden changes in temperature.
If you don't harden your seedlings before they are planted outside, they will get "shocked" and become stunted, slowing food crops down
This is done by gradually exposing plants to the elements.
Companion planting is the planting of different crops in proximity (in gardening and agriculture), on the theory that they assist each other in nutrient uptake, pest control, pollination, and other factors necessary to increasing crop productivity
Its pretty much planting plants like they would be in nature, close together. This has benefits of:
Higher Yields of Crops
Better Tasting Food
More food in less
Less Water Is Wasted!
WHATS SO IMPORTANT
You've heard it before, "why should we garden if we live in a world of abundance?" Nowdays, even during wintertime we can always get our favorite fruits and veggies imported from where its warm at a cheap price..... Why Grow your own Food????
Todays food production system isnt evolving to become aware of the earths resources. Today we have the highest levels of global warming, because of the way we live. Most foods we eat are shipped halfway around the world to our dinner table and the cost is the earths resources.
We can grow things to feed ourselves to become self reliant, instead of counting on a farm in Mexico, how about our own backyards?
What types of plants go well together?
Asparagus- Likes Tomatoes, Parsley, and Basil
Beans-Likes most fruits and vegtables, cannot be planted with onions, results in a bad flavour
Cabbage-Likes Aromatic Herbs, Celery, Beets, Onion Family, Chamomile, Spinach, Chard. Cannot be planted With Strawberries, Tomato, Dill
Carrots- Likes Peas, Lettuce, Onion, Sage, Tomato, Cannot be planted with dill
Celery-Likes Nasturtium, Onion, Cabbage, Tomato
Cucumber-Likes Beans, Peas, Sunflower, Raddish, Doesnt like Aromatic Herbs, Potato
ALFALFA: Perennial that roots deeply. Alfalfa can help improve soil quality. Use alfalfa for animal feed and to break up hard soil, sprouts are edible in many dishes
AMARANTH: A tropical annual that needs hot conditions to flourish. Good with sweet corn, it's leaves provide shade giving the corm a rich, moist root run. Host to predatory ground beetles. Eat the young leaves in salads.
BASIL: Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor. Basil also does well with peppers, oregano, asparagus and petunias. Basil can be helpful in repelling thrips. It is said to repel flies and mosquitoes. Do not plant near rue or sage
BEANS: All bean enrich the soil with nitrogen fixed form the air, improving the conditions for whatever crop you plant after the beans are finished. In general they are good company for carrots, celery, chards, corn, eggplant, peas, potatoes, brassicas, beets, radish, strawberry and cucumbers. French Haricot beans, sweet corn and melons are a good combo.Keep beans away from the alliums. Growing tip: Do not allow beans to mature on the plant, or it will stop producing, and do not pick beans or cultivate when they are wet, or it will spread viral diseases.
BROCCOLI: Companions for broccoli are: Basil, Bush Beans, Cucumber, Dill, Garlic, Hyssop, Lettuce, Marigold, Mint, Nasturtium, Onion, Potato, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme and Tomato. Celery, onions and potatoes improve broccolis' flavor when planted near it. Broccoli loves plenty of calcium. Put the nasturtiums right under the broccoli plants. Foes: Grapes, strawberries, mustards and rue.
CARROTS: Their pals are leaf lettuce, onions and tomatoes. Plant dill and parsnips away from carrots. Flax produces an oil that may protect root vegetables like carrots from some pests. One drawback with tomatoes and carrots: tomato plants can stunt the growth of your carrots but the carrots will still be of good flavor
In hydroponics, th
Using the square foot gardening method, one can easily grow a lot of produce outside in small raised beds of 4x4 or 4x6, planting close together to conserve space and water.
Sounds like a no brainier, this is not a "win win" for us, our environment, or nature... Why garden this way???
We can use Organic Gardening methods to grow GMO free and nutritious foods. Organic Gardening Methods value compost, sustainability, and companion planting.
My Name is Tayler Jensen
I am a freshman at Fossil Ridge High school.
I am in Many clubs, including
Vice President of French Club
Founder and President of VegAlliance
And VERY More!