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Transcript of NUTRITION
Why is water good for you?
What is a calorie?
Do you need fat in your diet?
Open the research you started last class.
Add any finishing touches to it that you need to.
You have 5 minutes
How many calories are in a Big Mac?
What is saturated fat?
Is soda good for you?
Today we are getting better at understanding how food effects our body
There are about 90 calories in an apple
A calorie is a unit of energy.
A calorie is a way of describing how much energy your body is getting from eating or drinking it.
So... are calories bad for you?
Your body needs calories for energy.
Eating too many calories and not burning enough of them off through activity can lead to weight gain.
Not eating enough calories will lead to low energy.
How many calories should a middle school student consume in 24 hours?
The typical middle school student should have about 1,600-2,600 calories a day.
Kids come in all sizes and each person's body burns energy (calories) at different rates, so there isn't one perfect number of calories that a kid should eat.
What food groups should be included in your dinner?
: Milk, yogurt, cheese.
: Beef, poultry, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds, beans.
: Bread, cereal, rice, tortillas, and pasta.
Fruits and vegetables
What are carbs, fats and proteins?
carbohydrate — 4 calories
protein — 4 calories
fat — 9 calories
In each gram of these....there are:
Yes, how much?
Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are the three main nutrients in food.
Carbohydrates are our main source of energy.
Protein builds, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your body.
About 30% of the calories we eat each day should come from fat.
How much fat is in a Big Mac?
29 grams of fat = 290 calories from fat
An apple has 0.3 grams of fat
2. Saturated fat: These are harmful fats that are solid at room temperature - found in meat, butter, cheese, and milk.
3. Trans Fats: These are the most harmful fats, they are man made.
1. Unsaturated fats: These are the good fats, they are liquid at room temperature- found in olive oil, peanut oil, canola oil, and fish.
How does someone become obese?
What is obesity?
What is BMI?
How do you know what foods are good for you?
BMI-Body mass index
703 x weight (lbs)
height(in) x height(in)
Underweight= below 18.4 Normal= 18.5-24.9 Overweight= 25-29.9 Obese= 30+ Extremely obese= 40+
We know foods are good by looking at the food label.
The less ingredient the better
Is sugar good for you?
What is a vegetarian?
Serving size is the amount of food in one serving.
Servings per container is the number of servings the package contains.
What is Cholesterol?
What is Sodium?
Sodium is a nutrient that helps control the amount of fluid in your body.
To much sodium causes high blood pressure.
What are vitamins and minerals?
Vitamins are substances that help your body fights infection and use other nutrients.
What are whole food?
Minerals are elements that help build healthy bones, teeth and regulates certain body processes
A whole food is a food that has been processed or refined as little as possible and is free from additives or other artificial substances.
Whole foods are natural foods.
What is fiber?
How is what we eat linked to diseases?
Eating unhealthy foods leads to obesity:
Obesity leads to:
Vegetarian (Lacto-ovo- vegetarian)
What is nutrition?
the process of eating the right kind of food so you can grow properly and be healthy