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Hmong 18 Clans

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by

Lia Yang

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Hmong 18 Clans

Hmong 18 Clans
Who are the Hmong?
The Hmong are a group of people in the mountains from South East Asia.
1.) China
2.) Laos
3.) Thailand

It has been estimated that there are more than 169,000 Hmong in the U.S.
1.) San Joaquin Valley of California (65,100)
2.) Minnesota (41,800)
3.) Wisconsin (33,790)



Religion & Beliefs
Shamanism
Hmong people are animistic people that believes in early structures.
Ex. spirits, ancestors, nature, evil, house, soul
18 Clans
18 Clans are known to be the 18 last names in the Hmong tribe
The Ideology of the 18 clans known as the "18 xeem" is for marriage and wedding purposes. Also due to the fact the the Hmong people follows their own clan for care, help, and family tradition. The Hmong depended on each other by their clan leaders.

Our big and main leader of the Hmong people is General Vang Pao known as a hero to the Hmong community.
CLANS
Chang, Cha, Chue, Fang, Hang, Her, Khang, Kong, Khue, Lee, Lor, Moua, Pha, Thao, Vang, Vue, Xiong, Yang
Marriage within the same clan is not allow; which means that you are not allow to marry anyone within the same last name.
ex. Yang cannot marry Yang; Vang cannot marry Vang; Thao cannot marry Khue.

"It is not proper for a young man to express interest in a girl bearing the same clan name. However, the child of a man could marry the offspring of his sister because they would not have been of the same clan."

Courting and marrying offspring of your sister/brother are appropriate,
but similar actions taken toward a neighbor from the same clan who is not related is forbidden.
Ideology for this is known to show respect for the hierarchy of the family.
Role of the Family
Under each clan for support.
Each clan is under their own control

EACH CLAN is responsible for their own clan.
marriage
death/funeral
"nplaub ntuj"
new addition/new born
Sides of the Family
kwv tij- fathers side
1.) Everything resides on husbands side
-mother
-kids
-illness
neej tsha- mothers side
3 Ways of Marriage
1.) formal proposal
2.) kidnap/ bride nap
3.) runaway

Kidnap/Formal Proposal/Runaway
bridenapping is normal
accepts gift from man means you accept their proposal
-ex. towel, ring, jewelery, could be anything
bride and groom run off together
(really popular in the Hmong community)

Force marriage
-sexual assault
-pregnancy
-going out late
-could be anything
Reputation
Hmong people value family and reputation
Saving families fame
Society can put the blame on you
Clan leaders will go along with it whether you like it or not
Disgrace to brides family
Shameful to go back
Virginity valuable to the Hmong community
In conclusion
The 18 clans council is really important to the Hmong community because it all falls under religion, family, and tradition. Mainly for marriage, religion, and ancestors wise. What I want to learn more in the future is how the 18 clans changed throughout the generations or decades.


WORK CITED
(Tatman, Anthony W.)
(Linda A. Gerdner, PHD, RN)
(Mai Bao)
(Siegel)

Questions / Vocabulary
Who are the Hmong?
What are the 18 clans?
What are the 18 clans council known for?

Taboo- Courting and marrying offspring of your sister/brother
Shamanism- animistic belief in ancestors or spirituals,
Bridenap- kidnap
Full transcript